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senate Bill S. 623

Should the U.S. Adopt Permanent Daylight Saving Time to Eliminate the Need to ‘Spring Forward’ & ‘Fall Back’?

Argument in favor

Making Daylight Saving Time permanent across the U.S. would simplify Americans’ lives by ending the practice of resetting clocks twice a year to “spring forward” and “fall back”, which could yield benefits in terms of reduced health risks and increased economic activity.

larubia's Opinion
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03/13/2021
Yes, please! Adopt one time...I don’t even care if it’s daylight savings time or not! Just pick one & stick to it for the entire nation!!!
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burrkitty's Opinion
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03/13/2021
I don’t care which. Just pick one and stop the switching. There is plenty of scientific evidence that the effect are bad. Plus, I hate it.
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Sandra's Opinion
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03/13/2021
This is deja vu all over again!.......YES for the umpteenth billionth time....pick ONE and stick to it....this changing back and forth is just.......DUMB!
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Argument opposed

The current time system of alternating between Standard Time and Daylight Saving Time with changes in March and November isn’t that challenging to abide by. There aren’t enough definitive benefits to year-round Daylight Saving Time to justify the transition.

Frank-001's Opinion
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03/14/2021
I prefer we keep Standard Time and Daylight Savings Time. See Daylight saving time 2021: When we change our clocks and why By Jeanna Bryner https://www.livescience.com/56048-daylight-saving-time-guide.html Stay Flexible!
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alkolshorn's Opinion
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03/13/2021
Daylight Savings time should be ended altogether with year round standard time instead
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B.R.'s Opinion
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03/13/2021
There are pros and cons to both sides of this argument, but not convinced that the change is justified with the exception of the inconvience of having to change the clocks, which is just lame to me. Other listed justifications such as health benefits is an opinion and not proven. At this juncture, it is not a mandate, so I don't have an issue with leaving it up to the individul states.
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What is Senate Bill S. 623?

This bill — the Sunshine Protection Act of 2021 — would make Daylight Saving Time (DST) permanent across the U.S. Currently, most of the U.S. operates under eight months of DST from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November, with the remaining four months on Standard Time. Under this bill, the U.S. would transition to year-round DST by not “falling back” in November, thus eliminating the need to reset clocks twice a year.

Impact

Americans living in areas that observe Daylight Saving Time; and state governments.

Cost of Senate Bill S. 623

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthSen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) reintroduced this bill to make Daylight Saving Time (DST) permanent, thus eliminating the need for most of the U.S. to reset clocks twice a year:

“The call to end the antiquated practice of clock changing is gaining momentum throughout the nation. Studies have shown many benefits of a year-round Daylight Saving Time, which is why the Florida legislature voted to make it permanent in 2018. I’m proud to reintroduce this bipartisan bill to make Daylight Saving Time permanent, and give our nation’s families more stability throughout the year.”

Original cosponsor Sen. Ron Wyden (D-OR) added:

“The Sunshine Protection Act takes a common-sense step to provide some much-needed stability for families in Oregon and across the nation. Springing forward and falling back year after year only creates unnecessary confusion while harming Americans’ health and our economy. Making Daylight Saving permanent would give folks an hour back of sunshine during the winter months when we need it most.”

The bill’s sponsors produced a fact sheet touting the following potential benefits of making Daylight Saving Time permanent:

  • Reducing car crashes and accidents involving pedestrians by 8-11%, according to the American Journal of Public Health and the Journal of Safety Research.

  • Reducing risk for cardiac issuesstroke, and seasonal depression.

  • Reducing robberies by 27% according to a 2015 Brookings Institution study, due to more daylight in the evenings.

  • Increasing economic activity, as a JPMorgan Chase study found a drop in economic activity of 2.2% - 4.9% when clocks move back.

  • Reducing childhood obesity and increasing physical fitness, according to the Journal of Physical Activity and Health, and the Journal of Environmental Psychology.

  • Helping the agricultural industry by eliminating biannual disruptions in farmers’ schedules and supply chain partners.

  • Reducing energy usage by 0.5% per day according to a Dept. of Energy study conducted in 2005 after the U.S. added four weeks of DST.

Brian Anderson, who testified against a Utah bill as an advocate for changing the clocks twice a year, contended that it’s not hard or time-consuming to make the adjustment, and most people get a different amount of sleep night to night, anyway:

“Nobody complains about getting the hour of sleep in the fall, but when you lose it in the spring, people think that’s dangerous or bad. I’d be hard-pressed to point to anybody that gets the same hours of sleep every night.”

This bill has the support of nine bipartisan cosponsors, including six Republicans and three Democrats.


Of Note: The U.S. began observing DST in 1918 following the enactment of the Standard Time Act, but after the DST-related provisions were repealed the following year after World War I states and cities were empowered to set their own dates and times for observing DST. Aside from a period during World War II when the U.S. adopted "War Time" and observed DST year-round, that continued until 1966.

There proved to be a lot of problems with allowing states and cities to choose when DST began and ended within their jurisdiction, and in 1961 the Interstate Commerce Commission told Congress to come up with a solution. In 1965, observance of DST was particularly chaotic in the Midwest: within the state of Iowa there were 23 different start and end times for DST, and St. Paul, Minnesota began DST two weeks before its twin city, Minneapolis.

In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Uniform Time Act, which set nationwide start and end dates for DST in the states that chose to observe it (which all but Arizona and Hawaii did).

Sixteen states — Arkansas, Alabama, California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Maine, Ohio, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Utah, Washington, and Wyoming — have approved laws, resolutions or voter initiatives that would switch to permanent Daylight Saving Time if federal law is changed to allow them to do so.



Media:

Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: iStock.com / StephanieFrey)

AKA

A bill to make daylight saving time permanent, and for other purposes.

Official Title

A bill to make daylight saving time permanent, and for other purposes.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The house has not voted
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation
    IntroducedMarch 9th, 2021
    Yes, please! Adopt one time...I don’t even care if it’s daylight savings time or not! Just pick one & stick to it for the entire nation!!!
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    I prefer we keep Standard Time and Daylight Savings Time. See Daylight saving time 2021: When we change our clocks and why By Jeanna Bryner https://www.livescience.com/56048-daylight-saving-time-guide.html Stay Flexible!
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    I don’t care which. Just pick one and stop the switching. There is plenty of scientific evidence that the effect are bad. Plus, I hate it.
    Like (76)
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    This is deja vu all over again!.......YES for the umpteenth billionth time....pick ONE and stick to it....this changing back and forth is just.......DUMB!
    Like (53)
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    I think this should be a bipartisan bill. Who really likes having to change the clocks? Does anybody like when it's dark at 5:00 PM in the winter? Let's stop this outdated system and stay on the same time year round. Individual states/tribes/territories can opt out if they want, but then they'll be out of sync with the rest of the country.
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    Daylight Savings Time (DST) initially proposed by Ben Franklin as a way to save candles, was 1st used in 1908 and became government policy to boost industrial production does provide additional daylight in evenings for outdoor recreation and tourism but no longer provides the same amount of energy savings as it did initially when energy usage was primarily for indoor lighting. Now primary energy consumption is air conditioning, computers, TVs, etc so there isn’t as significant an energy savings. Still used by 70 other countries. Only industrialized countries not following DST are China, India & Japan, as well as, countries in Northern South America near the equator. The EU has voted to abolish DST in 2018 which is to be implemented in 2021. Options are to make DST permanent to reap the benefits it offers but simplify implementation versus Standard Time favored by scientists and physicians so we wake up in daylight preserving circadian rhythm and avoiding disease. https://www.timeanddate.com/time/dst/daylight-saving-debate.html http://theory.stanford.edu/~amitp/rants/daylight-savings-time/ https://herf.medium.com/why-standard-time-is-better-e586b500923 https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/daylight-saving-time-2016-why-change-clocks http://www.webexhibits.org/daylightsaving/g.html https://www.dw.com/en/europeans-turn-back-clocks-for-daylight-saving-perhaps-for-last-time/a-55389492
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    Please! Quit talking about it and just DO IT! Not necessary any more...
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    Daylight Savings time should be ended altogether with year round standard time instead
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    The time of usefulness has passed with this twice a year nonsense It originated in wartime and should have been rolled back after the war. The states that do not participate are fine and well. I vote to spring forward and stay there
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    I am still undecided on this issue. I have lived at the extreme ends of time zones and can clearly see the impact of a ‘solar’ hour’s difference on life on either end. For me, personally - I would find it much more convenient for the clocks to never change because it does disrupt diurnal cycles. … … … We currently live on a street that is adjacent to a local elementary school and our development has a walkway connecting the school to our subdivision which keeps kids from having to walk on busier streets. I live on a cul-de-sac that interconnects with another subdivision via a walk-way along side our house. We live in the far western edge of the Eastern time zone. Many kids walk by going and coming from school. Without the time changes these kids would be forced to walk either to or from school in darkness and that concerns me. … … … The businesses where parent’s work are more or less on the same schedule across the time zone and the school hours are somewhat synced with parent work hours. The older kids walk to a nearby middle school or a high school and are walking for some distance along and crossing some high volume roadways. That is my main concern with losing the biannual time adjustments - I am unsure as to whether the school schedules could realistically be adjusted to the solar day to keep kids from walking in darkness without the biannual adjustments.
    Like (19)
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    YES....PLEASE.....STOP MAKING US CHANGE THE CLOCK. I DON’T CARE IF WE KEEP IT ON DLS OR NOT. JUST STOP THE SWITCHING!!!!
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    oh, good G-d this argument again! We answer this same damn question for 2 weeks solid twice a year every year.
    Like (17)
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    Please do this, the biannual confusion regarding the time is ridiculous.
    Like (16)
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    We need to choose one and stay with it. Research shows that Standard Time is better from a health standpoint. It’s also what our bodies are biologically adapted to. https://herf.medium.com/why-standard-time-is-better-e586b500923
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    Keep our time consistent! One way or the other!
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    Keep it consistent. We're not subsistence farmers anymore like we were in the 1800's. Also as computer scientist...time is a thorn to deal with as is. Keeping a constant standard throughout the U.S. makes our jobs easier.
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    Please end this unnecessary and confusing time change tradition. It’s enough to mess up my internal clock for a week sometimes twice a year. I’m all set with that.
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    I agree just pick one, here’s something more important little Tucker Carlson with his tiny little squeaky voice is saying that the military is not masculine enough! Tucker were you ever in the military with your squeaky little voice? Carlson is the biggest wuss to hit America I don’t know how he gets up in the morning and dresses himself maybe somebody dress him, Jon Stewart was so right when he called him a little dick. That’s exactly what this asshole is a little dick.
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    Yes but it should remain Standard Time instead of Daylight Savings time. If you need the daylight hours just start an hour later and leave the rest of us alone. Our state legislature in Nevada is proposing to standardize with California.
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    I would prefer no DST at all. Let’s have a normal day for the season again like before DST was instituted !in 1919! At the very least, I would support the idea of staying on DST, though it’s not my preference, The likely effects can be learned about here: https://www.moneycrashers.com/daylight-savings-time-history-effects/
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