This bill authorizes spending for one of the two yearly spending bills—there are twelve, in total—that comprise the defense budget. The other bill deals chiefly with military construction and veterans’ benefits. That bill can be found here. The annual appropriations bill that deals with U.S. intelligence agencies can be found here. This bill deals chiefly with the budget for the Department of Defense (DoD), along with defense-related nulcear programs overseen by the Department of Energy (DOE). The bill allots $496 billion to the DoD and $17.9 billion to the DOE. It includes buying things like tanks, weapons, ammo and planes, in addition to setting military pay and numbers of military personnel.
Among its many provisions, the current version of the bill provides a 1.8%military pay raise; rejects another round of military base closures; spares retiring the Air Force’s A-10 Warthog fighter jet (a move that the Air Force itself sought); and refuels the Navy aircraft carrier U.S.S. George Washington. In case you were curious how much it costs to refuel an aircraft carrier, the answer, according to this bill, is 782 million dollars.
The topic of immigration has also made its way into the legislation via the ENLIST Act, which would, according to Politico, “give green cards to young undocumented immigrants who serve in the military.”
The bill is 543 pages and has a whopping 165 amendments. A list of the amendments can be found here.