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house Bill H.R. 1937

Do the Feds Need to Facilitate More Development of Critical Minerals?

Argument in favor

Introducing more certainty to the permitting process for strategic mineral projects would be beneficial to developers and the court system.

operaman's Opinion
Maybe the question should be, When will the Federal Government and EPA give mining companies long term leases to federal land. But if the US does grant access, will those minerals be shipped to China or other foreign governments. Hillary has already signed over our uranium assets to a Russian company. What a web Hillary has weaved in her practice to deceive and coverup of her lack of leadership.
Like (3)
GrumpyMSgt's Opinion
Yes we need to develop more sources for rare earth minerals as China pretty much has a stranglehold on these elements. They own mines in the US too.
Like (3)
SherryTX's Opinion
Yet another bureaucracy standing in the way of recovery. This is a no brainer, but what is sad is that we need this kind of legislation and that people can't just do the right thing. It must be a govt disease.
Like (2)

Argument opposed

This would only make it harder for groups to block and delay mining projects. The U.S. shouldn’t be developing its mineral resources.

Pamelyn's Opinion
This bill handcuffs environmentalists and citizens to Corporate timetables. While some environmental impacts are immediate, so many more require the study of longer termed effects. By requiring a scant 90 days to bring forth cases we are neglecting to protect our land from great misuse.
Like (2)
Joseph's Opinion
I believe that most of us are not represented by our elected officials, the day of public service are over, now all congressmen and congresswomen want is money, The political system is corrupt. Our political system fails to meet the test of a democracy. It's all about winning, and has nothing to do with the people. A total lack of leadership concern, and compassion.
Like (1)
Mart's Opinion
Allow the market to incentivize this, government has never done a good job in production
Like (1)

What is House Bill H.R. 1937?

This bill would require the Dept. of the Interior (DOI) and the Dept. of Agriculture to more efficiently develop domestic sources of strategic and critical minerals and mineral materials — including rare earth elements.

These agencies would define strategic and critical minerals as those that are necessary:

  • For national defense and national security requirements;

  • For the nation’s energy infrastructure including pipelines, refining capacity, electrical power generation and transmission, and renewable energy production;

  • To support domestic manufacturing, agriculture, housing, telecommunications, health care, and transportation infrastructure;

  • For the nation’s economic security and balance of trade.

The permitting process for mineral exploration would be streamlined by clearly defining the duties of a lead agency. The total review period for issuing permits would be limited 30 months unless those involved agree to an extension. Currently, there is no limit on when permit review must end decisions be issued.

Litigation against mineral mining projects would have to be initiated and concluded within specified timeframes. A legal challenge to an energy project would have to be filed within 90 days, and the venue of the challenge would have to be the judicial district that the project would occur in. Any preliminary injunction to halt mining projects would be limited to 60 days unless the court finds reason to extend the injunction.


Businesses or groups challenging or operating mining projects, federal courts, and relevant federal agencies.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 1937

$300.00 Thousand
The CBO estimates that implementing this legislation would cost less than $300,000 per year.

More Information

In-Depth: Sponsoring Rep. Mark Amodei (R-NV) cited a problematic status quo as the reason he introduced this legislation in the past:
“Duplicative regulations, bureaucratic inefficiency, and lack of coordination between federal agencies are threatening the economic recovery of my home state and jeopardizing our national security… Decade-long permitting delays are standing in the way of high-paying jobs and revenue for local communities. This bill would streamline the permitting process to leverage our nation’s vast mineral resources, while paying due respect to economic and environmental concerns.”

Previous versions of this legislation were introduced in 2012 during the 112th Congress, and 2013 during the 113th Congress.

Currently, this bill has 48 cosponsors in the House, all of whom are Republicans.


Summary by Eric Revell
(Photo Credit: Flickr user RickC)


National Strategic and Critical Minerals Production Act of 2015

Official Title

To require the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture to more efficiently develop domestic sources of the minerals and mineral materials of strategic and critical importance to United States economic and national security and manufacturing competitiveness.

bill Progress

  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
  • The house Passed October 22nd, 2015
    Roll Call Vote 254 Yea / 177 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Natural Resources
      Energy and Mineral Resources
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Antitrust, Commercial and Administrative Law
    IntroducedApril 22nd, 2015

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