This bill — the Gun Owner Registration Information Protection (GRIP) Act — would prohibit the federal government from giving states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Northern Mariana Islands, American Samoa, Guam, U.S. Virgin Islands, or any U.S. territory funding for state firearm ownership databases. It would clarify existing law prohibiting the use of any federal funding by states or local entities for the storage or “listing” of sensitive, personal information related to the legal ownership or possession of firearms.
The term “state firearm ownership database” would be defined as a comprehensive or partial database of a state or political subdivision of a state that lists firearms lawfully owned or possessed by individuals or individuals who lawfully own or possess firearms.
This prohibition wouldn’t apply to a state firearm database that lists firearms that have been reported as lost or stolen or individuals who have reported their firearms as lost or stolen.
Under current law, the federal government may not store information acquired during the firearms background process. This legislation would clarify that this prohibition extends to the use of federal funds by states, localities, and other groups for the creation or maintenance of a full or partial gun registries.
Under this bill, funds from the National Criminal Histories Improvement Program, the NICS Amendment Records Improvement Program, and the Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant program couldn’t be used for establishing state firearm ownership databases.