Help save the Black Rhino from extinction.
Saving Black Rhinos is important because of declining numbers and only humans can bring them we can save them.
Saving Black Rhinos is important because of declining numbers and only humans can bring them we can save them.
The slaughter and captivity of these dolphins is inhumane and morally wrong, it must be stopped.
Animal sacrifying scientists are Nobel Prize unworthy!
The only hope for the future is in a CHANGE of Man's Consciousness
We want to fix the animal rights laws, so that animals are no longer abused, scared, or in acts of violence, and danger.
I just lost my beautiful kitty to the topical worming medicine made by the Bayer company
"blowing up pigs" :https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3n7ir43E7c is allowed to be done!Animal cruelty is not acceptable
Stop Torturing Wolves and other Wildlife
We ask the Chinese government to adopt national laws to Stop the trade and consumption of Cat meat.
PepsiCo can help stop Conflict Palm Oil plantations from destroying the rainforest homes of the last wild orangutans.
Air France is the ONLY airline that still ships primates to their DEATHS
On 26 of July 2007, Shambo was taken from his peace loving home and murdered on the orders of the British Government
Every year, Canadians slaughter thousands of baby Harp Seals in barbaric ways. They are skinned alive and left to die
Don't let Congress deny your right to know: Oppose the DARK act
We only have a few days to gather submissions !!!
A safety zone around Yellowstone National Park is needed to end trophy hunting and trapping of park wolves.
Poland : Egrets to the killing, because they eat fish !
Animals aren't actors, prisoners, or circus clowns. Yet thousands of these animals are forced to perform.
End the culture of dog and cat meat in Vietnam
Lobbying for tougher enforcement & control to end dog and cat meat smuggling of peoples pets from Thailand into Vietnam
Horse slaughter houses do not slaughter horses humanely. Horses are skinned while still conscious. That is wrong.
We must stop TPP, a global corporate coup that undermines democracy, threatens privacy, and endangers the environment!
You should sign this petition as my dogs were taken illegally. This has stemmed from a neighbor assault on me. I was
Killing these wild animals for a so-called "sport" does not help and give benefits anyone
We must end ' torture for profit ' this is horrific abuse on innocent animals. Testing on animals is morally abhorrent,
To: JinSun and the Pyeongchang 2018 Coordination Commission. We respectfully state that we will BOYCOTT the
I want to ensure no pet owner ever has to put down their pet when they could have recieved the care their owners are
because if we work together we can end this horrific display of humanity <3
CCTV footage of the dog running through a car park while engulfed in flames was shown on national TV news channels and
Jindo Dogs are South Korea's national dogs and they are officially designated as South Korea's "Natural Monument No.
Your choice was taken away from you... That is why YOU need to sign... After all the cover-up they now admit there is a
Petition for ErinMy son;A preacherBelieverAfrican Hero.LeaderSucceederThe ultimateAchiever.A boy who
Orcas are one of the most intelligent and socially complex mammals to dwell our planet. They stay with their mothers for
Escribo estas líneas para hacerles llegar la total oposición del mundo "civilizado" a tan brutal medida llevada por
Build a advanced Culture of Compassion and Empathy for Humans,Nonhumans,Earth and
Do not abandon animals because they are our friends and not have the guilt of the people that go on vacation leave us
Numerous elephants with the Ringling Bros. circus are suffering from crippling injuries and are in chronic pain--yet
It's enough now ! Bullfight is neither Tradition nor Cultur. It was never anything more than a cruel Spectacle of and
Nous devons agir en masse contre cette injustice et cette cruauté. SVP partagez cette pétition le plus que vous pouvez
Healthy bee populations are essential to the production of our food. Bees are attracted to floral nectars and help
We , the citizens of the World are " telling" not asking the Governments of the World that the Monetary system must end,
Stop à la cruauté ou la maltraitance envers les animaux
Because this is horrendous and hideous. Can you imagine the fear these animals must be in the last minutes of their
As many as 200 million females are missing because of gendercide. Stand up for girls and women everywhere.
CAUSE THIS IS RIGHT.RESPECT.
We ask to stop the terrible practice of eating dog meat and tortures to which the dogs are subjected in China.
Healthy bee populations are essential to the production of food. Floral nectars and aromas attract bees and thus ensure
Please help us with our mission to STOP the killing of Pit Bulls and their hapless lookalikes in New Zealand.
We are animal rights activist against vivisection ... this ours protest is one of the protests and is based on the
STOP BUYING IVORY SAVING THE AFRICAN ELEPHANTS FROM POACHING FROM THE CHINESE FOR SALE OF IVORY!
The animal of the zoo of mayaguez are in poor condition and mistreated.
Animal agriculture causes more pollution than all other industrial sources combined.
Petition the Arena's and Sponsoring Companies not schedule the return of the Ringling Bros. Circus to venues in CT
Costa Rica has long ceased to be a green and happy country. Destruction of wildlife and natural ressources is alarming.
to stop violent crim
The great barrier reef is important because it is big impact on Australia’s tourism and is home to thousands of fish.
Vi prego, firmate tutti, quanti più potete! Mettiamoci una mano squesta dovrebbe essere la festa della pace!!!!
Animal cruelty - just when is enough- enough? Justice for the Voiceless!
Did Florida ban environmental regulators from using the term “climate change?" Call for an investigation to find out.
Destructive tuna fishing kills turtles, sharks and more
All NZers need to get behind this campaign to ensure that our ancient taonga is protected.
People are given the wrong information and is causing harm to the abused animals
Purrect Pets charity just relocated to a mall and spent money for renovations.Their landlord is now closing the mall.
so that the South African Rhinos are no longer in future threat of extinction.
Most circuses using animals have been banned, Lennon Bro's must be stopped from using animals too!
The Great Barrier Reef is one of the 7 Natural Wonders of the world. It may die along with the species that on the reef.
The purpose of this campaign is to get companies to label merchandise that contains palm oil
Circus animals spend 96% of their life in chains or cages that are too short or too small with no place for exercise.
Poaching is the murder of innocent elephants.
My campaign is important because it is cruel to hand raise an animal to kill it when its grown up, just for a trophy.
Greyhound Racing kills!
We are all animals and no one should be abused by another. Let's end it today!
A site that is willing to endanger the lives and the welfare of those who use their services shouldn't be allowed.
Lethal traps are an unnecessary danger to both people and animals including when the hunters don't always check the trap
Within the European Countries there is a large number of Stay Animals, most being domestic, Cat's and Dogs in Majority
If we get this to stop a lot of innocent animals lives will be saved. No longer made available to become bait animals
This campaign is important because the tethering of dogs to trees, fences, and other immovable objects is inhumane.
On Jan 3rd 2015 - 45 pets were killed when the TTG Kennels were abandoned when a bushfire raged through the property.
Join us at our new causes campaign https://www.causes.com/campaigns/96900-fight-climate-change
Remove Pages from Facebook threating the lives of our Men & Woman in Blue
We should let BCBGMAXARIA know that we don't support animal abuse for fashion.
15 AVA buildings were vacant for more than 10 yrs and we are seeking support to use them for community benefit.
To make sure that people who do this type of evil acts are not walking the streets with our kids.
Cage age is over. There are no reason for captivity.
Rodeos are cruel spectacles in which frightened animals are brutalized, roped, wrestled, injured, and sometimes killed.
Monarch butterflies are the canaries in the corn field, threatened by pesticides, GMOs and loss of habitat.
Just 85 Mekong Irrawaddy dolphins exist today in the Mekong River. Now they're being threatened by a newly proposed dam.
Big Coal wants to ban groups like 350.org & the Sierra Student Coalition from running divestment campaigns in Australia!
If we contaminate the waters on this earth, we contaminate our bodies on this earth.
It's critical that we stop any new fracking on our public lands to protect our water and air.
Ecuador's rainforest provides habitat for one-of-a-kind plants and animals and is home to seven indigenous communities.
Greenville County shelters in SC have decided that any kitten born in their shelters that are under 100g will be killed.
Speak up for wild animals now by urging Animal Planet to cancel 'Wild West Alaska'!
DOLPHINS ARE NOT YOUR TOY!
Australians must act to engage our government to pass legislation recognizing companion animals as 'sentient beings' .
The Federal government is allowing seismic air gun blasting that could injure and kill more than 138,000 marine mammals
The Ukraine government has cut all funding to zoo animals. They will die if we don't get food to them fast.
Rescurers and Animal Advocators; Facebook is restricting your Posts they are not appearing in the Newsfeed of your Fans.
When Fox News - the nation's most-watched cable news channel - covers climate change, they get it wrong 72% of the time!
Mississippi just added 11 more counties and cities bringing the total to 29, all containing out bulls and it must stop!!
Privacy alert! Dropbox has appointed former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to its Board of Directors.
By funding and campaigning for Mayor Davis' opponent, we can save the animals of the San Bernardino city shelter.
The residents, and businesspeople of Alton, IL oppose a ban on leashed dogs in the community parks.
Home of Barn Buddies Rescue, which provides holistic care and shelter to abandoned farm animals
politici en verantwoordelijken duidelijk maken dat er een totaal verbod moet komen op uitbreiding van varkensstallen
Facebook must uphold the Law and stop pages that sell animals illegally.
Please thank the German I. A.W. F. petitioners for resign from his position after killing an elephant.
This is sick.....
Since 1st September 2013 when 2 little brothers were neglected by their grandmother, Romania turn into a killer country!
To bring awareness to the plight of elephants
To bring to account the reckless behaviour of Three Rivers District Council and Rebecca Emmett, in shooting two horses
The cycle of greed behind the global whaling industry has driven one whole population after another towards oblivion
I believe my campaign is important because pollution is a fast growing matter
Lions are Wild. Mothers transfer wilderness survival skills to cubs. Captivity ends wildness forever. It is cruel.
My campaign is important because if we do not take action now our ecosystem will suffer from this as well as us.
It is important because no one deserve to died in the hands of a sadistic and cruel human, to satisfy their dark side..
Whale species are decreasing dramatically, they deserve our protection.
People have had enough of seeing this garbage on YouTube
La crueldad hacia los animales no es una válvula de escape, es una señal de alarma en la sociedad.
The plastic to plankton ratio in some areas is six to one, destroying marine life, making zones of inhabitable ocean.
The Great Pacific rubbish dump will continue to grow and affect our health and the health of the environment.
I want to reduce our carbon footprint by using energy efficient appliances and ecofriendly technology.
Gobernador, prohiba las ventas de animales sin los permisos legales en Facebook de Puerto Rico
Ford was shot dead ,in his own yard,because he (JUST HAD THAT LOOK)!!
Raising awareness for the millions of kangaroos killed every year by the Australia Kangaroo Industry.
Radcliffe Pets in Radcliffe, Manchester sell puppies in the shop window without their mothers present
I want to protect this species of marine life from extinction caused by the whaling practices of some countries.
Orca Welfare & Safety Act would make it illegal to “hold in captivity, or use, orcas for performance or entertainment."
Deforestation is leaving species on the verge of extinction.
My campaign is important because slavery is a huge global issue and is a problem in every country.
Ivy Leaf Kennels is run by notorious puppy pedlar KEVIN KNOX.
There are no federal safeguards to protect our communities from toxic coal ash pollution full of mercury and arsenic.
It is important because despite the government laws whale are still being killed and the species is nearly endangered.
73 million sharks die due to finning each year. The brutality and inhumanity must be stopped. Enough is enough!
Recycled paper will help reduce the cutting down of trees.
It has been proven that mercury from fish like Tuna and Sword Fish destroys brain cells and can cause blindness
Dave Flagler is trying to help RCACP and being torn down in the process!
Many animals are held captive to perform and live in gruesome habitats- the exact oppisites of the wild.
Our campaign is to cut back and eventually stop marine pollution and enforce tougher laws
Tell President Jacob Zuma and the Minister of Environmental Affairs to take action and protect rhinos from poaching
Neonicotinoid pesticides (also called “neonics”) are killing bees; that’s why Europe is banning them.
i want to stop animal torture.
NO ANIMAL SHOULD EVER HAVE TO BE SLAUGHTER FOR SPORT.
Animal Planet and their production company partners have come under scrutiny for their inhumane treatment of animals.
Taiji dolphin hunters have caught a real prize: A white albino dolphin calf who will die without his mother.
Please sign our petition to the USDA asking them to reject “Agent Orange” crops!
Animal abusers know they can get away with their crimes because courts rarely impose anything near maximum penalties.
Very popular top selling brands currently in your cupboard, bathroom, etc. hold a terrible fate for innocent animals.
The situation for bees and other pollinators is dire, and they need Mrs. Obama to set an example for the country.
Dogs, cats and rodents in China should not be publicly beaten and shot to death without investigation and justice.
97% of Americans support tough new anti-corruption laws. Together, we can and will force our government to Represent Us!
Thousands of chickens die needless deaths every year
The U.S. Department of Agriculture is Gutting the National Organic Law!
Let’s Up the Buzz to Protect the Bees!
There was no transparency or public discussion about the killing of our turkeys either because the powers that be know
As more people demand products that are produced ethically, more companies jump to supply them.
Honey bees are responsible for producing 1/3 of our food but they are being wiped out by the indiscriminate use of toxic
Because their pics r sick and disgusting
Ask the EPA to change the source of fluoride added to U.S. drinking water.
My inspiration to become a conservationist came 20 years ago, when I was deep in the pristine forest of Virunga National
The USDA and FDA seem determined to keep chickens inside and real free-range eggs off the market!
Please sign the petition asking the EPA stop the frackers from discharging their waste water where it will be drunk by
Our mission is to reform the meat industry and rebuild networks for sustainable farming across the country.
Hey McDonald’s, Detox Your Taters and Don't Grow McFrankenFries!
Trade Agreements Shouldn't Be Secret!
We want justice for Diamond who was shot and killed by police. There are 5 witnesses saying that she was just laying
THE DEAD SEA IS DYING BECAUSE OF POLUTION.WE NEEED TO SAVE THE DEAD SEA, THE WAY IT WAS BEFORE. STOP POLUTING......
Our dog Einstein was at his Dog Group Training Class at Lake Eola "Fiesta in the Park, while training was in progress an
Please sign our global petition against the cruel dog and cat meat trade
From shark culls based on false information in Australia to self-proclaimed researchers exploiting a protected species
How would you feel if somebody managed to put you inside a tiny plastic bag, where you could barely move, feeded by a
This video shows a tiger being abused during China's May Day Holiday (May 1st) at a city zoo in eastern China. No
As you read this, hundreds of animals have their foot, shattered and mangled in a foothold trap, or are slowly choking
PEPPA was an innocent 7 month old Pure bred Husky out on a drive with her family when she was shot and killed - we WANT
A 5 year old is gang raped in Delhi and the police refuses to act on the case. Then they try to squash the rape report
The Genocide Case has been stalled, and is at risk of being annulled. Please act now to make a historic stand in
Administration of Sochi, where 2014 Olympics will take place during next year's winter, has announced a tender for the
help us to find more animal rights activists around the world
We have reached the last stand for Sumatran orangutans, but it's not too late to save them.Many Americans are being
stop ctuelty to animals becasue you wnt to look cool
Boycott the Seal products from the largest annual marine mammal slaughter on the Namibia coast of Africa. All the
NSW Animal Pound's - Observe The Law & Get the Kill Rates Down! The general public need to become more aware of what
CCTV needs to be installed as a matter of urgency everywhere. Video footage that emerges from processing plants /
Cambiar la Grave Situación de Maltrato Animal, Negligencias y Descuido de los Zoológicos de la Ciudad de
WE NEED AS MANY PEOPLE AS WE CAN TO SIGN THIS PETITION.. PLEASE SIGN TO STOP THE KILLINGS AT BLACKTOWN POUND… HELP US
Dear all, I am so sick and sad when watching this video. A dog owner should be responsible to take good care of his dog.
SB72 currently up at the Nevada Legislature is in jeopardy...Please sign this petition send a message to Nevada's
WE ALL HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE ALL ANIMALS HAVE A RIGHT TO LIVE FREE FROM HURT AND PAIN. SO WE MUST KEEP UP THE
Hunters or "Sportsmen" as they like to call themselves. Are now targeting to recruit youth in any possible way they
Help protect the defenseless and innocent.
PLS-SIGN, INVITE (4Xs=150 friends!) ASK Governor Martinez for an Executive Order to Ban Horse Slaughter in NM.
People need to sign this petition because Facebook refuses to do anything about the page called, "I hate dogs" and other
Wolf hunting is not needed in Michigan! With less than 700 wolves across the span of 96,720 sq miles, how could anyone
if they care our best friends, dogs! they will sign
It is important that we honour Ozzy Osbourne with a Knighthood for his significant contribution to the music industry.
SPECIAL ANNOUNCEMENT! Since this is World Spay Day, I feel like it is our day too (since we are kind of s/n freaks...you
Donkey basketball fundraisers send kids the message that it's OK to abuse and humiliate those who are weaker than they
To spread the word about the Chinese fur-industry's barbaric animal-welfare violations and appeal for protection laws.
Many people, many animal lovers all around the world don`t have idea what is happening here. Rising our dog voices, and
Animal killing contests are the latest attack from America's extreme right-wing, and it's killing for fun.
Katya has been trapped in here for a long long time, your voice is needed, you help is needed, Sign and share world
The bad economy hit us all. I always feel humble asking your financial help for our dogs, many of you contacted me in
ANIMAL LOVING FRIENDS WORLDWIDE PLEASE HELP FIGHT FOR BATMAN. This poor old boy would have suffered greatly. His death
The British Columbia Hydro is causing great and undue hardships for people from every single income level, and its
If you are burdened by predatory, exploitative private student loans, or federal student loans, you must sign this
I recently found a page on Facebook called I Hate Cats, that shows pictures of cats being killed, abused, horrifically
This IS animal abuse and the national guard is endorsing it. This is not a good image for the national guard. Many of
Please sign our petition to help us get the support we need to be able to make a difference. Help to stop these people
We have reached 40,000 signatures.... due to the latest update in regards to USDA and federal inspections please take
Dutch was accused of being a "vicious" or "dangerous" dog and is now in danger of euthanization by a Court Order. In
It is outrageous that such an institution would be given the go ahead to undertake an experiment done decades ago. That
Animal cruelty should be prohibited on Facebook in any shape or form.
Every day across Africa, wild elephants are being slaughtered to meet the insatiable demand for ivory. Entire herds are
We are their voice."The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are
Judge Jennings seems to recognize the atrocity of Mr. Dugan's actions as demonstrated by the high bail of $20,000 cash
your pets are a gift and a blessing.they depend on you.they hold no grudges and are loyal comapnions.cats, birds, fish
Help save the slaughter of innocent animals
Please join this cause, help us save those defenseless animals from torture at University of California (UCSF)! For
We need to help Bandit's family by offering our support any way we can so Bandit and Sandi York may be reunited. This
Kentucky is rated the worst state in the U.S. for animal abuse for 6 years in a row!!! Please SIGN THIS PETITION AND
Help stop horse abuse at Laverton Knackery! The story of Racehorse "NATURES CHILD".. PLEASE JOIN OUR FB
This is a way of sending poor unwanted or sick animals across the bridge that is boarder line "Animal Cruelty". This
Declawing cats is inhumane torture! Support the cause to make this illegal in Canada! It is unbeliveably cruel to
For years as far back as can be remembered Animal Control, the system put in place by community or govt has been
Humans every year kill 100 million sharks and for what? Shark Fins - For a tasteless bowl of soup Shark Teeth - For
New York State's laws protect the rapists of children from prosecution meaning they are free to rape more children.
To spare children the pain and suffering of abuse and prevent child abductions and murder. I need many to fight this war
PLEASE SIGN ...this woman is very DISTURBED! WAUSAU Wisconsin — A 20-year-old Wausau woman called -Sean D. Janas - was
Dear friends, We are used not to have a free time for rest not even Saturday or Sunday, not to know vacations, our
Animal cruelty and the case for harsher punishment.. Dear members of Let's turn Facebook Orange for Animal Cruelty
'Consumers have a right to know the brutal truth that Cadbury's would rather keep quiet, how dairy products are
Question: Should Ken Salazar continue to serve as the Secretary of the Interior--to oversee, manage, and decide the fate
Have you got a sweet tooth? ANIMAL LOVERS - please think twice before picking up a Mars candy bar! You should know that
Its a cause of humanity towards animals.As well its a matter of justice to find and punish criminals
The cat colony is there for about one hundred years; They lived close to the sea and are very happy. Some volunteers
Det är dags att vi bromsar polisens framfart i det här Hundar skjuts till höger och vänster, för att dom är ett hot,
YOU CAN HELP BRING AN IMMEDIATE HALT TO TRADE IN RHINO UNTIL SOUTH AFRICA SORTS OUT ITS RHINO POACHING PROBLEM! After
Irish Dogs for the Disabled receives no government funding and we rely entirely on donations to carry out our
Beastiality and zoophilia are on the rise! As recent as last week, a Florida man confessed to engaging in sexual
Wolf killer Kari Tikkunen blames society for his crimes by saying: "This society made me what I am today." Kari
Urge Cardiff to stop experiments blinding animals Experiments at Cardiff University have been revealed in which kittens
One of the rarest mammal in the world, one horn Rhino is surviving in the north-east corner of India. Kaziranga,
Western Tourists from North America and Europe (and other places...) have been hunting giraffes for sport and for fun
The U.S. military must modernize its medical teaching methods and phase in the use human-based methods in place of live
Ever since the delisting of wolves as an endangered species, even after they were already driven to the point of
JUSTICE FOR HARRIS! Callous owner dumps his dying cancer-stricken dog in freezing temperatures.. ---------------- This
Dionis er en hund som er for pen til å overses. Han gjorde en stor innsats for at vi skulle kunne temme han slik at vi
American Museum of Agriculture in Lubbock, Texas - kills two healthy mules for art exhibit... Word that two, still
State after state of the United States of America. are falling like dominos to get in on the blood thirsty torturing and
Promessa de ser uma voz para animais! Nos comprometemos a ser una voz para los animales We must work Together, In
---------------This video was produced in 2008, some statistics have since changed.--------------- The facts: -The
There may not be a ‘quick fix’ for animal abuse, but educating our children how to better care for our animals is a
Cats are being tortured, beaten and skinned everyday in China for food and for their fur!!! The way the animals are
IT IS MY CIVIC DUTY AS A NATIVE, TO STOP THIS IN HUMAN WAY OF CONTROLLING THE WILD POPULATION IN COMING. THEY WERE ON
To stop pistol happy cops thinking just because they have a badge and a gun that they can do what they want. I want them
C'est la vie de 220 chiens qui est en jeu et de tous ceux qui un jour arriveront dans cette perrera
Jeff Coltenback and his wife Diana are residents of the Township of Bloomfield, NJ. They own and operate a local pet
Every American should send a message to this congressman via THEIR congressman and the Republican Party... This
Bear baiting (also called bear baying) pits a declawed and defanged bear which is chained to a stake against hunting
The city of Bayonne in the South West of France seems to think that it is necessary to be torturing animals in the name
so we can conserve the endangered species of big cats
The Seaboard Corporation is one of U.S’ largest producers of pork, processing about 18,500 hogs a day at their
In 2007, Senator Obama, campaigning for the presidency, promised to label genetically engineered food.
To raise awareness about this issue! Most people have little or no knowledge of who does and who doesn't test on animals
Last month, Thai authorities arrested a man at Bangkok’s international airport after discovering baby leopards,
Finding solutions to what threatens humanity, the environment, and animals.
Each year millions of American cows, pigs, chickens, goats, sheep and other animals who are raised, bought and sold for
For 6 years, we at The 50 Million Missing Campaign have been working hard to tell the world about the ongoing female
Despite that over 80% of Americans are strongly opposed to horse slaughter, the trade in horse meat continues to operate
Cockfighting is a terrible practice where people make bets as two roosters are placed in a ring to fight to the death.
The Indigenous Peoples of the World Unite with One Voice to Save Humanity and Mother Earth.Please become apart of the
Please tell the EPA to stand by their decision that palm-based biofuels don’t meet the greenhouse gas standards of the
To send an email to your representatives, go to
SAY NO, and please send mails. Non A La Corrida En Algérie, Against Bullfights In Algeria, ضد مصارعة الثيران في
Earthworks (earthworksaction.org) is dedicated to protecting communities and the environment from the impacts of
To get Dunkin Donuts to stop using styrofoam or AT LEAST give me the option What is the most environmentally friendly
Save honeybees, stop the next generation of GMO crops, and protect workers and communities from toxic pesticides.
Take a stand against ocean degradation and negative human impact on dolphins and whales through our Whale Call Project.
Plastic bag litter has become far too commonplace in our rives, oceans, beaches, schoolyards, and backyards. Have you
Save the coral reefs to maintain the ocean's beauty. Coral reefs are structures produced by living organisms, found in