Save Angel the baby Albino Dolphin
Taiji dolphin hunters have caught a real prize: A white albino dolphin calf who will die without his mother.
Taiji dolphin hunters have caught a real prize: A white albino dolphin calf who will die without his mother.
End the culture of dog and cat meat in Vietnam
Lobbying for tougher enforcement & control to end dog and cat meat smuggling of peoples pets from Thailand into Vietnam
PLEASE HELP MRIJANA CULUM TO SAVE PUPS & DOGS DUMPED on the STREETS, GARBAGE - in last few they have run out of food :(
When an animal goes extinct, it's whole ecosystm loses a vital memeber that keeps it in balances
Animal abusers do not receive just court trials. So, people who abuse animals must be tried as if they abused a human.
We want the Meyers to live out their days on the farm that has fed Canadians and they have called home for decades.
Is Bosnia and Herzegovina going to be next Romania?Stray dogs' issue is escalating with each day. We can't let another
DETROIT MICHIGAN USA - 2013. Once a vibrant and alive city. Now a city overwhelmed not only with poverty for its
There was no transparency or public discussion about the killing of our turkeys either because the powers that be know
PLEASE NOTE: TAKING THE PLEDGE DOES NOT SIGN THIS PETITION PLEASE GO TO THE FOLLOWING CHANGE.ORG LINK TO READ, SIGN &
80% of Singapore residents live in HDB flats. These residents are allowed to keep only 1 HDB-approved breed dog. The
The Rabbits Need Your Voice! "Rabbits' eyes bulge because of either fear or pain" This is not a Petition, Please File
E-Bay is profiting from the sale of Wolf fur! Please sign this petition to end the sale of Wolf fur on E-Bay!
A day in the life of a bird raised for foie gras includes several force-feedings in which a thick pipe is rammed down
Killing these wild animals for a so-called "sport" does not help and give benefits anyone
We must end ' torture for profit ' this is horrific abuse on innocent animals. Testing on animals is morally abhorrent,
^ Click Right Image For Video! ^So that we can rescue the ferrets from these inhumane conditions.We need to go in and
WHAT WILL IT TAKE for Fortnum Masons to stop selling foiegras?
CCTV footage of the dog running through a car park while engulfed in flames was shown on national TV news channels and
Your choice was taken away from you... That is why YOU need to sign... After all the cover-up they now admit there is a
Kshamenk is a perfect candidate for release as he was around 6 years old when he was caught meaning he will have had
Build a advanced Culture of Compassion and Empathy for Humans,Nonhumans,Earth and
Unleashing the truth about online puppy sales.. A new report by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), How
Animals are not ours to use for entertainment. Cockfighting is a cruel, greedy, money-generating culture at the expense
Do not abandon animals because they are our friends and not have the guilt of the people that go on vacation leave us
Communities have good reason to be concerned about the whereabouts of animal abusers. In story after heartbreaking
Numerous elephants with the Ringling Bros. circus are suffering from crippling injuries and are in chronic pain--yet
TELL THE PRESIDENT THAT ANIMAL CRUELTY NEEDS TO BE TAKEN SERIOUSLY....make the people who commit these acts of violence
Hello and thankyou for taking action on this most brutal of Animal cruelty crimes.WE WANT JUSTICE FOR BUDDY...let the
Petition Letter I just signed the following petition addressed to: Cristina Kirschner. ---------------- Prohibir la
In signing this petition you will be sending a HUGE message to the lawmakers of Canada. Let them know that you are fed
Expose the men who exploit victims of prostitution & human trafficking in illegal massage parlors and online.
Sign this petition to end this brutal "tradition" in Taiji by telling the Mayor of Taiji, the Prime Minister, and the
Because this is horrendous and hideous. Can you imagine the fear these animals must be in the last minutes of their
Anyone who care's for there pet, needs to sign this petition, ASAP!!! Please sign and send this to ALL of your friends.
DOMESTIC RABBITS, RATS & TURKEYS ARE BEING TORTURED AND KILLED FOR NO GOOD REASON
As many as 200 million females are missing because of gendercide. Stand up for girls and women everywhere.
There are feed lots around the US that trasports horses to canada for slaughter. Most of them are good healthy horses,
We ask to stop the terrible practice of eating dog meat and tortures to which the dogs are subjected in China.
"Hot car" dog fatalities are needless and all-too-common. What many people don't know is that even on moderately cool
We believe that Facebook needs to remove their animal hate pages and needs to stop their animal cruelty pages.
We are animal rights activist against vivisection ... this ours protest is one of the protests and is based on the
Through the Animal Bill of Rights, we are working to show Congress a groundswell of support for legislation that
Animal Planet and their production company partners have come under scrutiny for their inhumane treatment of animals.
It's cruel and unjust! Animal cruelty!
Despite knowing the torture that angora rabbits go through Superdry are selling angora jumpers. Please sign to say no!
Animal abusers know they can get away with their crimes because courts rarely impose anything near maximum penalties.
Appello a tutti gli Animalisti "Antispecisti " Vegan " Vegetariani: Partecipazione Movimento X Elezioni Europee 2014
If we fail then we will lose Rhinos in the wild.
The Rabbits Do Not Deserve To Die!
We are turning Mondays into No Kill Mondays, asking every kill shelter in the USA to not kill for one day a week!
Do you know why you are our animals’ hero?
Join the Black Fish boycott of SeaWorld. Please watch the documentary black fish and your views will change.
Milo will be put to sleep for protecting his family
This campaign is important because we should demand justice for burn victim, Elizabeth!
It is the number one spot that animal predators go to for their cruel and sick use and abuse of animals.
This inhamane slaughtering of these innocent animals has got to stop!
South Africa has an appalling wildlife protection record in recent years fueled by corruption and lack of political will
Bullfrogs eat native wildlife and spread infectious diseases. Millions are being imported into California each year!
US Fish & Wildlife Service is issuing an import permit for a hunted down endangered Black Rhino, a dangerous precedent.
15,000 dolphins are illegially killed each year in Peru to be used for shark bait and meat.
BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA IS ABOUT TO VOTE ON A KILL LAW THAT IF IMPLEMENTED WILL MEAN WHOLESALE SLAUGHTER OF STRAYS.
Help the empathy for animals cause reach the 40 K supporters Milestone. Help Teach Empathy for Animals! STOP Abuse
Amazon.uk recently banned the sale of foie gras on its website. Now Amazon.com must stop the sale of this cruel meat.
Cathay Pacific, Emirates, Qantas, all have banned freight of shark fins, Singapore Air should now be among the leaders
The extra tax money can help feed and care for many strays
Around 2.3 million lobsters will be killed at this slaughterhouse this year. Don't let more animals suffer this fate.
Please share story: Link: http://www.examiner.com/article/help-find-the-monsters-who-tortured-puppy-doe?cid=db_articles
El giro del perro atan a varios perros de grandes cuerdas que cuelgan sobre el río helado y los hacen girar
Overfishing has depleted 82 percent of Western Atlantic bluefin in just four decades.
This lesser sub-man takes time to pose for his "victory photo", while the trapped wolf agonizes in pain and in fear ---
This has been the deadliest summer for endangered sea turtles in Guatemala on record. Over eighty five turtles have
WILD SPIRIT WOLF SANCTUARY IS NOT ASKING FOR YOUR MONEY. Instead, I'm asking you for a different kind of
Justice for Bruiser shot by Police- https://www.facebook.com/ForBruiser (https://www.facebook.com/ForBruiser) POLICE
ELLA was a tame Deer and a well loved member of the local community.Ella lived within the Elmwood Cemetery grounds a
This happens far too much--shelters killing animals who had no reason to be killed, and not having to answer for it.
Jake A4590855, Male about 1 year about 7 pounds Shelter say I'm very friendly but I'm also very smart, I learned how to
Mr and Mrs Anderson, of Warrington, Cheshire, remained impassive as the abuse was read out and they were sentenced to 18
All the information about what is going on and why animal advocates are so concerned and demand change is in the link
Too many dogs and cats are being killed every day in California shelters and this practice needs to stop.
Richard O'Barry has pledged to spend the rest of his life protecting dolphins who cannot defend themselves against the
Ella the deer who lived in Elmwood Cemetery KCMO. Ella was shot and killed August 4th in the cemetery.
Justice for Cabela.. Skamania County Sheriff's (http://skamaniasheriff.com/) deputies arrived to the home of
Because their pics r sick and disgusting
Please read and share - 25 years of RSPCA inaction on animal welfare in rural NSW. Cataloguing 20+ years of neglect
The RSPCA Yagoona Shelter obviously like to kill the animals... not do what they can to save and rehome them! PLEASE
ACTION ALERT !! Alaska's wolves, lynx, and coyotes at risk on Wildlife Refuge!!!! TIME SENSITIVE --- BY JULY
PLEASE read and then sign our petition. Brownie lived his days on a short, heavy chain, and fell victim to a callous,
Saturday July 27th 2013 NEWS
Please read Zora's story, take a pledge and help her find a loving home.Zora is a female dog that was found all alone
I recently had dim sum at work from an excellent Chinese restaurant (http://www.chinatownglasgow.com/table-menu.html) in
I'm in Vicksburg, Ms and just got word that there is a pit bull holding facility in Ellisville, Ms (near Hattiesburg).
Very bad news from Macedonia for the animal lovers. The dogs are constantly poisoned or killed in other
HAMMER MICHIGAN FOR THE WOLVES !!!! When: Monday, July 22nd, 2013 Time: 9:00am until 5:00pm Where: From your
PLEASE JOIN: worldwide support
The Critically Endangered Blue-throated Macaw, the threatened Maned Wolf, and the Giant Anteater are all found only one
Please share the news to help track down the disgusting person who posted this horrific AD on craigslist. WARNING.. the
We Must All Come Together & Sign This Petition, Changing Laws Everywhere To ABOLISH Puppy Mills! Your Voice Counts!
WARNING the images and videos posted by this man on facebook are GRAPHIC. HE LIVES IN - San Martín Texmelucan de
Seeking justice for this unspeakable crime
Human rights and animal rights were ignored here and we demand that jusitce is served.
ANIMAL CRUELTY! Dog dies in LV Heat! The DA has promised to prosecute. PLEASE HELP US TO GET JUSTICE FOR THIS POOR
ARE YOU OUTRAGED OVER THE DEATH OF INNOCENT ROTTWEILER MAX? Then please - Call for Officer to be charged with animal
Please view video and the owners account of his pet being killed by police. Man Describes Shooting Of Dog By Hawthorne
Authorities in Tennessee have charged
Man 'killed German Shepherd puppy by putting it in dishwasher and dumping it in trash can'.. Marcus Curry is being held
To lay the groundwork to stop torturous barbaric trapping in the USA.
Maryland teenager accused of stabbing family puppy to death! PLEASE READ and share widely. News
Compassionate people should sign this petition to lay the groundwork to get cruel and barbaric traps banned, as they
Video (http://youtu.be/lJ7AfSO2fKs) Special Thanks & Credit to Lindsay Kennedy Photography!
How YOU and Bold Visions Conservation Will Stop Wolf & Wildlife Slaughter in America? Start by reading BVC's 10-Step
Factory farms cram egg-laying hens into cages so tiny they can't even spread their wings. Breeding pigs and veal calves
THIS IS VERY IMPORTNANT IF WE HAD STRICTER LAW THEN THEY WOULDENT BE HALF THE DEATH / NEGLECT CASES YOU SEE TODAY PEOPLE
We have less than one month remaining to moblize public support for the continued protection of America's gray wolves.
Olympic Animal Sanctuary in Forks, Washington has been touted as one of the best sanctuaries in the USA for dogs needing
In the small town of Abadiania, Brazil, where the renowned medium John of God, resides, are dozens of street dogs and
As you read this, hundreds of animals have their foot, shattered and mangled in a foothold trap, or are slowly choking
On facebook there is a group called, "Woman Slaughter Animals" It is predominantly, aimed at males, for sexual pleasure.
Ok everyone that wants to voice their dismay/outrage over the decision to euthanize all animals at the Stokes Shelter
Billions of animals in factory farms are forced to live in cruel and inhumane conditions. From chickens that are
DIPUTADOS DEL HONORABLE CONGRESO DEL ESTADO LIBRE Y SOBERANO DE PUEBLA Estimados Diputados: Por este medio
Please express support and sympathy for the families who lost loved ones in the Sandy Hook shooting, and those injured.
This center is a great place for children to learn about the different animals such as the gray wolf and about the way
92 dogs and cats were spayed in Moreni, Romania, thanks to donations to Romania Animal Rescue
This is a morally corrupt practice. Let's act now and end it.
Borko's story - Bulgaria: Lynch Mob Beats Defenceless Crippled Doggy
Boycott the Seal products from the largest annual marine mammal slaughter on the Namibia coast of Africa. All the
Dear all, I am so sick and sad when watching this video. A dog owner should be responsible to take good care of his dog.
Polar bears, fur seals, sea lions, walruses, whales and millions of sea birds make their home in the Bering Sea, and
Please sign the petition and roar for the Indian Lion. With some 200 breeding individuals left in the wild, the Asiatic
WE ALL HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO ENSURE ALL ANIMALS HAVE A RIGHT TO LIVE FREE FROM HURT AND PAIN. SO WE MUST KEEP UP THE
DID YOU KNOW? Each female kangaroo shot usually has two dependent joeys, one in the pouch and one at foot. Both joeys
Please stop euthanasation - Viscan needs a trainer - not the death - Lets give him a chance !! Please
To spread the word about the Chinese fur-industry's barbaric animal-welfare violations and appeal for protection laws.
CLICK HERE >>> HELP END BOBCAT TRAPPING IN CALIFORNIA
Animal killing contests are the latest attack from America's extreme right-wing, and it's killing for fun.
Please take a few seconds of your time to tweet @ChrisJLarson @WEAU13News a Wisconsin Governor and other important
ALEX PHELPS - "CRAIG'S LIST CAT KILLER" - WILL SOON BE ELIGIBLE FOR PAROLE -BUT WE MUST VOICE THAT WE WANT HIM TO
'"DNR wants to allow hounders to "train" their dogs on wolves with no restrictions right through the breeding, denning,
I recently found a page on Facebook called I Hate Cats, that shows pictures of cats being killed, abused, horrifically
It is outrageous that such an institution would be given the go ahead to undertake an experiment done decades ago. That
Wild African animals are dwindling in number, and need to be protected, lest they go extinct.
BLOG - http://justiceformaryanimaladvocacy.blogspot.com.au/2013/02/michigan-man-accused-of-burning-dog.html
PLEASE FOLLOW LINK AND SIGN!!! https://secure.defenders.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=2515
Facebook page : http://www.facebook.com/farida.khan.710 (http://www.facebook.com/farida.khan.710) Farida Khan »
Tyson claims to be an industry leader at the forefront of animal welfare while relying upon inhumane farming practices.
We are a group of animal lovers who are concerned about Animal abuse and cruelty in the USA. We sign and share
PLEASE click on this link to add your name to this government 'WE THE PEOPLE' petition----it is said that if we meet the
The highly endangered wolf is being killed in Lapland because of the reindeer industry!
Force Facebook to remove the page, Wolf Butchering, cooking, and recipes, and all its variations. These pages are
Judge Jennings seems to recognize the atrocity of Mr. Dugan's actions as demonstrated by the high bail of $20,000 cash
BLOG -http://justiceformaryanimaladvocacy.blogspot.com.au/2013/01/texas-dog-found-shot-in-face-and-left.html Buck's
your pets are a gift and a blessing.they depend on you.they hold no grudges and are loyal comapnions.cats, birds, fish
Location where Adoptable Dogs Go and most wait to DIE!!!! Brooks is, it's part of San Antonio's Animal Care Services.
PLEASE SIGN THE PETITION THANK YOU VERY
We need to help Bandit's family by offering our support any way we can so Bandit and Sandi York may be reunited. This
This young lady deserves to be given the highest civilian award possible for her care and concern for the children that
" Puppy mills are " intensive dog breeding facilities that are operated under inadequate conditions that fail to meet
WHO KILLED PEARL? Trap Police Say Was Set 'Deliberately' Suffocates Indiana Pet .. Hebron Indiana ..the perpetrator
This is a way of sending poor unwanted or sick animals across the bridge that is boarder line "Animal Cruelty". This
Officials in Chester County, Pennsylvania busted a dog fighting ring operating out of Shane Santiago and Laura
Once numbering over one million by some estimates, African lions now exist in a fraction of their former range and fewer
The dark world of "backyard butchers," who slaughter and butcher animals on makeshift farms, is spreading across the
Dogs shouldn't die so humans can get high. The NEW ZEALAND government wants to change the law so that manufacturers of
REMEMBER TO SIGN THE WHITEHOUSE PETITION AT LINK ABOVE!!!! This Act has passed both Houses and all we need now is a
Dolphins are dying at alarmingly high rates in Florida's Indian River Lagoon, a shallow estuary closed off from the
The killing of Yellowstone's monitored wolves is the last straw in the wave of wolf slaughtering going on in America.
PLEASE SIGN AND SHARE..and join the facebook page. Protest Animal Cruelty at MCACC (Animal Control).. The abuses at
SIGN...SIGN....SIGN... WHAT IS AN ANIMAL CRUSH VIDEO? Answer.. The term "animal crush video" is defined under federal
PLEASE SIGN AND
Thanksgiving is right around the corner. Do you know what you're serving? After watching this undercover video,
Order the US government to call for the arrest of the US Soldiers who are responsible for tossing a puppy over a cliff
Lawsuit filed on two-year anniversary of shooting death of Rosie the dog.. Please demand that action is taken and the
WE WANT JUSTICE FOR BUDDY THE BASSET...Tell the District Attorney and Sheriff's Department know how you feel about -
This page advocates the slaughter, and consumption of a religious icon.
Animals are cruelly tortured & slaughtered every day, all over the world. Many standard practices are unknown by many of
IF PRAYER IS PUT BACK INTO SCHOOLS KIDS WOULD BE BETTER AND DO BETTER IN SCHOOLS
Federal agent Jamie P. Olson set his dogs on live coyotes that were captured by steel-jawed traps. Then he documented
Each year hundreds of whales and dolphins wash up on the world's beaches either dead or dying but the cause of death is
Wouldn't you want to know if a violent or repeat animal abuser were living next door to you and your family? Animal
I have had enough of the endless stream of fireworks that go off night after night. They sound like bombs going off and
In the wake of Hurricane Sandy, the Animal Care and Control of New York City shelter system, with only two operating
"Dear friends, I'm a small and beautiful nobody's dog! I don't understand why I was thrown into the large and dangerous
The next Rodeo is due to happen in Hamilton New Zealand 24 November. Hamilton city should reconsider whether or not it
We have a moral and legal obligation to speak for those who cannot speak for themselves.
Animal cruelty and the case for harsher punishment.. Dear members of Let's turn Facebook Orange for Animal Cruelty
Have you got a sweet tooth? ANIMAL LOVERS - please think twice before picking up a Mars candy bar! You should know that
Perchè i gatti devono restare nel loro territorio dove vivono felici,nutriti e amati dai volontari e con la
JUSTICE FOR HARRIS! Callous owner dumps his dying cancer-stricken dog in freezing temperatures.. ---------------- This
State after state of the United States of America. are falling like dominos to get in on the blood thirsty torturing and
Help me to stop Dog fight's within the U.K. Dog's are our family when we take them into our home's that are not bait and
TUNO was the closest thing to tunafish I ever ate! It will save thousands of tuna and dolphins from suffering and
PLEASE SIGN AND SHARE THIS PETITION. Animal sexual abuse is on the rise in Germany, with Bestiality brothels being set
http://www.facebook.com/?ref=logo#!/pages/i-hate-pitbulls/398839464275 Help get this page tore down! Pitbull haters are
Our 9 yr old pit bull got shot in the face August 26th 2012. The cop has told one news station one story, and another
Cats are being tortured, beaten and skinned everyday in China for food and for their fur!!! The way the animals are
Please go to this link and register at Pop Vox to vote to support H.R. 2657 - the "Refuge from Cruel Trapping Act",
Please help save the neeedless slaughtering of wolves as a means of "managing" the wolf population. Humans do not have
To stop pistol happy cops thinking just because they have a badge and a gun that they can do what they want. I want them
The world's rarest and smallest marine dolphin is at risk of extinction. Only an estimated 55 Maui's dolphins over the
Please sign this and help us ! ...
To stop the killing of innocent animals.
Police officers should never think there above the law .. And should be punished Fair is Fair .. They wont even releass
Each year over 130,000 American horses are shipped to be brutally slaughtered in Mexico and Canada to feed human
We want our stray dogs not be killed any more! We want civilized methods to be applicated! We want no more unnecesarily
I want people to sign this to show our disgust with Facebook in allowing a page which will only cause distress for those
To let major corporations know that using a persons notoriety to make money is WRONG and WILL NOT be tolerated!!!!
People should sign because it is time to bring the change. People should sign because it is time to show that we have
No body with a proper human mind would like to kill another person, Dolphins are Non-Human Persons. They are being
Land O' Lakes has serious issues. PETA went undercover and found the most disturbing things. Cows being stabbed, cows
Rare Tiger Video Watch Here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K0NvNSk4s8U Tiger is the pride of India. Tiger is the Indian
Todos los seres, todos, merecemos una vida digna, merecemos que nuestras necesidades básicas sean cubiertas, merecemos
Bear baiting (also called bear baying) pits a declawed and defanged bear which is chained to a stake against hunting
For more info about Kitchen Gardeners International, the petition sponsor, please see http://kgi.org/ or join our
For generations we've thrown on boots, denim, and large-brim hats and flocked into crowded arenas to catch a glimpse of
Did you know?- Eukanuba and Purina Dog Chow are Major sponsors of the Eukanuba World Cup Dog Show in Belfast scheduled
How many times have you blamed the Forest Departments for not doing their jobs right? Well this is what happens when
The island of CRETE once again at the TOP of ANIMAL CRUELTY in Greece! This time, the locals poisoned at least 32 dogs,
The Seaboard Corporation is one of U.S’ largest producers of pork, processing about 18,500 hogs a day at their
`BUDDY as we have named the pup wasn't but around 2-3 years old. The neighbor has watched this dog suffer for to long.
Each year millions of American cows, pigs, chickens, goats, sheep and other animals who are raised, bought and sold for
For 6 years, we at The 50 Million Missing Campaign have been working hard to tell the world about the ongoing female
Cats and dogs are facing an overpopulation crisis. If it breaks your heart that 11,000 dogs and cats die in the U.S.
The Khokana Festival is held in August. Please ask the authorities to ban this cruel practice and to put an end to
Conversion of orangutan habitat to palm oil plantations is the single greatest threat to the survival of orangutans in
Quirky Law could KILL thousands of innocent animals! More than 8 million of the 47 million U.S. adult cigarette smokers
Turkish Dogs, Rape and Brutal Slaughter. Homeless pets have been left to the Mamak dumping ground by the municipalities
Friends, I know we have posted this photo recently on Good Wolf but I am posting it again and asking that you all share
Healthy bee populations are essential to the production of food. Floral nectars and aromas attract bees and thus ensure
In 2009, PETA uncovered extensive abuse against the elephants of the Ringling Bros. circus and secretly taped it. The
Despite overwhelming research that says ape testing yields unreliable results, more than 900 of these creatures are
To stop all Animal testing Please Lets Stop Animal Testing This is Barbaric and Uncalled for, Please lets work together
Compassionate consumers must use their purchasing power to send a strong message to cosmetics manufacturers that testing
In the United States, 99% of food animals are raised in factory farms, an enterprise that produces a huge amount of
Help get Logans Law passed in Lansing! People of Michigan.... PLEASE take the time to go to the Michigan Gov. site and
IF PEOPLE HAVE A HEART THEY WILL SUPPORT WHAT WE ARE TRYING TO DO OR AT LEAST PUT DENT IN IT. SHARE IT ALL OVER PLEASE
We believe, that power belongs to the people! Консолидация Мы считаем – власть должна принадлежать гражданам России.
Dogs are smuggled and sold illegaly, the cruelty is horrifying and some consumers unknowingly are sold the meat mixed
Help keep ranchers/cattle farmers on the ranch raising cattle.
Save Elephants from the Illegal Trade in SE Asia I want to thank you all for your continued support of this important
Ending BSL and abuse (dog fighting) means safe and humane communities for humans and pets.
Take a stand against ocean degradation and negative human impact on dolphins and whales through our Whale Call Project.
Friends of Animals, founded in 1957, advocates for the right of animals to live free according to their own
IDA is an international animal protection organization dedicated to ending the exploitation & abuse of animals by
We are believers that all animalsdeserve respect and dignity. All forms of animal abuse should NEVER be tolerated!
On July 27th, protests and educational events will be held all over world in front of marine mammal parks and aquariums.