Demand Fashion laggards take the lead in protecting forests
Fashion Brands like Under Armour, Foot Locker, Guess, Michael Kors, & Forever 21 are risking forest destruction
Fashion Brands like Under Armour, Foot Locker, Guess, Michael Kors, & Forever 21 are risking forest destruction
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing delisting the grizzly bear & allowing states to permit trophy hunting.
We need to make voting easier and more accessible so every eligible American can have their say.
Osaka, JAPAN has introduced an Illigal Manual to kill ALL Moon Bears found!!
Your choice was taken away from you... That is why YOU need to sign... After all the cover-up they now admit there is a
Join this cause and commit to honor the victims of Sandy Hook Elementary School by calling on our nation's leaders to
Build a advanced Culture of Compassion and Empathy for Humans,Nonhumans,Earth and
Do not abandon animals because they are our friends and not have the guilt of the people that go on vacation leave us
Numerous elephants with the Ringling Bros. circus are suffering from crippling injuries and are in chronic pain--yet
Does an Animal Abuser Live in Your Neighborhood? Our communities have good reason to be concerned about the whereabouts
We , the citizens of the World are " telling" not asking the Governments of the World that the Monetary system must end,
Please help create a world where all belief can be free and made a choice to the people.
As many as 200 million females are missing because of gendercide. Stand up for girls and women everywhere.
We ask to stop the terrible practice of eating dog meat and tortures to which the dogs are subjected in China.
Healthy bee populations are essential to the production of food. Floral nectars and aromas attract bees and thus ensure
Please help us with our mission to STOP the killing of Pit Bulls and their hapless lookalikes in New Zealand.
We are animal rights activist against vivisection ... this ours protest is one of the protests and is based on the
Donald Trump was right. Our democracy has been hacked. He hacked it with the Russians. Reject his presidency.
James Comey has done one thing in this email saga--covered his ass. It's time for him to step down.
Donald Trump is pushing conspiracy theories about voter fraud or tampering at polling places without a shred of evidence
The largest primate in the world was recently elevated to the "critically endangered" list. It's now or never for action
Philando Castile was murdered by police in front of his fiancé and 4 year old daughter
Ask one of the richest men on Earth to not let his dogs starve
The poaching of Zimbabwe's "Cecil the Lion" that these lions are under constant threat and nearer to extinction
Within the European Countries there is a large number of Stay Animals, most being domestic, Cat's and Dogs in Majority
An innocent family dog was brutally tortured over a break up. We must not forget Moon's pain and fight for her justice.
A high school football team in Ohio buys - and then discards - a live tiger cub "mascot" every single football season!
Rodeos are cruel spectacles in which frightened animals are brutalized, roped, wrestled, injured, and sometimes killed.
PepsiCo can help stop Conflict Palm Oil plantations from destroying the rainforest homes of the last wild orangutans.
These laws endanger public safety and excuse the murder of innocent youth like Trayvon Martin and Jordan Davis.
SURPLUS - Giraffe KILLED on Sunday Feb 9th 2014!
2014 Winter Olympics, authorities have employed a 'pest control' company to catch and dispose of dogs in the city.
CLEVELAND KENNEL: OVER 1000 DOGS KILLED! We want and the animals deserve no kill in every city in the country. PLEASE!
We have 125 animal that are living in a hell hole - no water, no food, no daylight, etc.
Is killing animals entertainment? NBC is airing episodes of the NRA sponsored show promoting violence towards animals
DETROIT MICHIGAN USA - 2013. Once a vibrant and alive city. Now a city overwhelmed not only with poverty for its
Japan Dolphins Day (https://www.eventleo.com/event/japan-dolphins-day-2013.whtml) marks the beginning of the dolphin
There can be No "Animal Rights" Without "Human Rights" Are you with us? Help us. Help Them. Standing together as
From Australia: KERSER was seized because he went into a next door neighbour's backyard. They then called animal rescue
A day in the life of a bird raised for foie gras includes several force-feedings in which a thick pipe is rammed down
Please express support and sympathy for the families who lost loved ones in the Sandy Hook shooting, and those injured.
Wolf hunting is not needed in Michigan! With less than 700 wolves across the span of 96,720 sq miles, how could anyone
Please click this link: http://www.mucc.org/ scroll down to the bottom right and vote NO. Wolves do NOT need to be
The hearing on Agenda Item 2B1 happens today in Wisconsin folks! Very soon if it hasn't happened already. Lets pray, or
Donkey basketball fundraisers send kids the message that it's OK to abuse and humiliate those who are weaker than they
How can you throw so small and innocent puppies near the train rails??!! What kind of soul can have who did this?! Or
CLICK HERE >>> HELP END BOBCAT TRAPPING IN CALIFORNIA
Justice for Buddi - demand that Lake Macquarie Council take action on the OWNER of Dangerous dogs!. THIS IS WHY YOU
ANIMAL LOVING FRIENDS WORLDWIDE PLEASE HELP FIGHT FOR BATMAN. This poor old boy would have suffered greatly. His death
'"DNR wants to allow hounders to "train" their dogs on wolves with no restrictions right through the breeding, denning,
This IS animal abuse and the national guard is endorsing it. This is not a good image for the national guard. Many of
Please sign our petition to help us get the support we need to be able to make a difference. Help to stop these people
IF YOU LOVE DOGS YOU WILL WANT TO SIGN MY PETITION THESE BABIES DIE BEFORE ITS TIME WE NEED STRICTER LAWS FOR SHELTERS
We have reached 40,000 signatures.... due to the latest update in regards to USDA and federal inspections please take
Norman is a non aggressive, gentle, and playful 150 pound Bull Mastiff who accidentally got out of his yard and went
BLOG - http://justiceformaryanimaladvocacy.blogspot.com.au/2013/02/michigan-man-accused-of-burning-dog.html
If you are a TRUE animal lover then that should be enough said for you to want to make a difference. Animal exploitation
Captain was a two year old German Shepherd dog who was discovered on July 18, 2012 wrapped in a bloody sheet and left in
The FDA has banned BPA from baby bottles and sippy cups, protecting some of the most vulnerable people in the US from
Every day across Africa, wild elephants are being slaughtered to meet the insatiable demand for ivory. Entire herds are
This is to Lee County Department of Corrections, Ft. Myers Circuit and the Lee County Sheriff's Office. Until any person
PLEASE click on this link to add your name to this government 'WE THE PEOPLE' petition----it is said that if we meet the
Force Facebook to remove the page, Wolf Butchering, cooking, and recipes, and all its variations. These pages are
We are their voice."The greatness of a nation and its moral progress can be judged by the way its animals are
The $2 billion dollar-a-year South Korean dog and cat meat industry, which extinguishes the lives of approximately two
BLOG : Justice for Mary. Comments
By Associated Press and Paul A. Smith of the Journal Sentinel Jan. 4, 2013 Madison - A Dane County judge said Friday the
Judge Jennings seems to recognize the atrocity of Mr. Dugan's actions as demonstrated by the high bail of $20,000 cash
Cruelty to animals should not be handled in the same manner as vandalism. We want nothing more or less than justice
BLOG -http://justiceformaryanimaladvocacy.blogspot.com.au/2013/01/texas-dog-found-shot-in-face-and-left.html Buck's
Update The size of the reward has grown to $8,000. The Humane Society of the United States added an additional $5,000
your pets are a gift and a blessing.they depend on you.they hold no grudges and are loyal comapnions.cats, birds, fish
FACEBOOK PAGE.. Kincaid. Killed by Baltimore City
We need to help Bandit's family by offering our support any way we can so Bandit and Sandi York may be reunited. This
THE TRUTH BEHIND PALM OIL -------------------- Palm oil plantations The biggest threat to orangutan populations is
NEWS STORY - December 26th 2012. Link:
Let's make 2013 a kind year. In 2013 - Take the Pledge to Fight Animal Cruelty! I pledge to help end animal cruelty, and
WAY TOO MANY INNOCENT FAMILY PETS ARE BEING INJURED OR EVEN TRAGICALLY KILLED ACROSS THE USA by Law Enforcement and AC
TAKE ACTION NOW...PLEASE SIGN...SAM IS UNDER THREAT OF BEING KILLED! Background info via his FACEBOOK
If we want the system of law and order to respond ethically to rape and violence on women we will have to force the
Sign This Petition To Set Precedent For All States, Countries, WORLDWIDE That Animal Cruelty Will NOT Be Tolerated!!! Be
My fellow Big Dog owner... As the holidays approach and we start focusing on what really matters in our lives...our
Chino was shot and killed in Charlotte, NC on private property by a police officer D BRYAN on December 16, 2012. Ivy was
Help stop horse abuse at Laverton Knackery! The story of Racehorse "NATURES CHILD".. PLEASE JOIN OUR FB
Thank you for your calls---we lost 66-43 in the house....sadly, Michigan will hunt wolves unless there is a miracle and
Perhaps this will end these unstable people's quest for media coverage and 'fame' in what they may see as the only way
" Puppy mills are " intensive dog breeding facilities that are operated under inadequate conditions that fail to meet
People should not exult over killing of animals and show it off like that on depicted image!
WHO KILLED PEARL? Trap Police Say Was Set 'Deliberately' Suffocates Indiana Pet .. Hebron Indiana ..the perpetrator
Because as an animal lover you shouldn't make it easy for abusers to get animals for their own sadistic pleasures or for
This is a way of sending poor unwanted or sick animals across the bridge that is boarder line "Animal Cruelty". This
Officials in Chester County, Pennsylvania busted a dog fighting ring operating out of Shane Santiago and Laura
Killing animals for practice is unacceptable !
Once numbering over one million by some estimates, African lions now exist in a fraction of their former range and fewer
Winter has set in Ploiesti, Romania. Snow of roughly 15-20 cm at the moment and more snow expected to come. Temperatures
URGENT !!! ACTION-ALERT !!! DECISION ON MICHIGAN'S WOLVES IN HOUSE TODAY!!!! Bill SB 1350 (to hunt Michigan's wolves)
Unleashing the truth about online puppy sales.. A new report by the International Fund for Animal Welfare (IFAW), How
No one should be arrested for trying to do the right thing and no one should have to suffer inhumane conditions,
Communities have good reason to be concerned about the whereabouts of animal abusers. In story after heartbreaking
The dark world of "backyard butchers," who slaughter and butcher animals on makeshift farms, is spreading across the
REMEMBER TO SIGN THE WHITEHOUSE PETITION AT LINK ABOVE!!!! This Act has passed both Houses and all we need now is a
This is just another step forward in breed discrimination. These owners had already complied with strict ordinances
Dolphins are dying at alarmingly high rates in Florida's Indian River Lagoon, a shallow estuary closed off from the
Face Book has a policy regarding graphic content. Why, then, are hunters and hunting outfitters allowed to post graphic
There is NO way to justify making innocent dogs fight for human "entertainment".
For years as far back as can be remembered Animal Control, the system put in place by community or govt has been
The killing of Yellowstone's monitored wolves is the last straw in the wave of wolf slaughtering going on in America.
WHY SHOULD YOU SIGN...well watch and then see
PLEASE SIGN AND SHARE..and join the facebook page. Protest Animal Cruelty at MCACC (Animal Control).. The abuses at
SIGN...SIGN....SIGN... WHAT IS AN ANIMAL CRUSH VIDEO? Answer.. The term "animal crush video" is defined under federal
EVENT BY WOLF WARRIORS - PLEASE TAKE A MOMENT TO CALL ...... The hunters in the states that surround Yellowstone have
He was a skinny bear with only one arm, who could do little more than scavenge for food in order to survive. But the
ROMANIA ANIMAL RESCUE CHRISTMAS PRESENT TO CATS! Our Cat Spayathon will be in December in the cities of Bucharest and
The cat that only yesterday was a kitten is all too soon old and frail and sleeping in the sun. The young pup of
The present Wildlife Management Plan fails to Protect, Restore, or Enhance the lives of our beautiful wolves. Time after
ANOTHER INNOCENT DOG DIES DUE TO TRIGGER HAPPY COP! WE WANT JUSTICE FOR MADDIE! ..she was a 10 year old dog who had
NEWS STORY: November 21st 2012 Dog beat to death, charges filed. LIMA -
JADA WAS AN INNOCENT 3 MONTH OLD PUPPY..HER LIFE MATTERED! We would like to see George Garrett punished for killing
This is a bill introduced by Jim Moran, North Virginia Congressman. It will put an end to the gas chamber being used to
Thanksgiving is right around the corner. Do you know what you're serving? After watching this undercover video,
Once again we have a dog with no voice facing death for no reason! We have to be his voice and let the city of
TELL THE PRESIDENT THAT ANIMAL CRUELTY NEEDS TO BE TAKEN SERIOUSLY....make the people who commit these acts of violence
If Mellie is determined by the court to "Dangerous", and her family can't comply with the outrageous courts demands,
PLEASE SIGN AND SHARE WIDELY! The fate of CHUM AND CHAMP will be decided by Provincial Court -Judge Roderick Sutton on
Order the US government to call for the arrest of the US Soldiers who are responsible for tossing a puppy over a cliff
Lawsuit filed on two-year anniversary of shooting death of Rosie the dog.. Please demand that action is taken and the
To try and change Matalan's and other store's policies to sell non fur and non Chinese merchandise,to stop selling
WE WANT JUSTICE FOR BUDDY THE BASSET...Tell the District Attorney and Sheriff's Department know how you feel about -
Hello and thankyou for taking action on this most brutal of Animal cruelty crimes.WE WANT JUSTICE FOR BUDDY...let the
This page advocates the slaughter, and consumption of a religious icon.
Humans every year kill 100 million sharks and for what? Shark Fins - For a tasteless bowl of soup Shark Teeth - For
Federal agent Jamie P. Olson set his dogs on live coyotes that were captured by steel-jawed traps. Then he documented
http://www.thepetitionsite.com/755/337/604/help-to-get-tania-out-of-the-tirgu-mares-zoo/ From Andrea Scorpia: Tania, a
Wouldn't you want to know if a violent or repeat animal abuser were living next door to you and your family? Animal
In 1986, the International Whaling Commission (IWC) enacted a moratorium on all commercial whaling. Since then, three
E' indispensabile che venga interrotto questo traffico di animali dall'Italia alla Germania. Cani e gatti randagi
PLEASE SIGN ...this woman is very DISTURBED! WAUSAU Wisconsin — A 20-year-old Wausau woman called -Sean D. Janas - was
I really am hoping that you all will sign this petition to get justice for "HARLEY". PLEASE help me put pressure on the
Coca-Cola, in partnership with World Wildlife Fund (WWF) is launching Year Two of Arctic Home. This project is working
The rare Mexican Gray Wolf, a sub-species of the gray wolf, with a distinct DNA, is becoming extinct with only 59 wolves
Since the tragic suicide of 15 year old, Amanda Todd, became public there have been numerous pages created on Facebook
Monday, October 15th, will be a dangerous and sad day for the wolves of Wisconsin. The wolf hunt is to begin that will
Bill and Lou are two oxen who have been used by Green Mountain College in Vermont for 10 years. These cuties are so
Stop Bullying: Canada, let's be the change to inspire the world, is a group where we come together to provide resources,
La Dirección General de Sanidad Animal de la Junta de Andalucía está ultimando la legalización y adecuación del
As most Pit Bull owners know ,the APBT gets a bad rap because of illegal activities the criminals force them to be
The pro-sportsmen, and anti-wildlife bills are up for a vote in the senate and house. If they pass this will mean more
Animal cruelty and the case for harsher punishment.. Dear members of Let's turn Facebook Orange for Animal Cruelty
'Consumers have a right to know the brutal truth that Cadbury's would rather keep quiet, how dairy products are
Have you got a sweet tooth? ANIMAL LOVERS - please think twice before picking up a Mars candy bar! You should know that
Pit bulls and pit bull mixes have a divisive reputation for violent behavior that makes them both popular and shunned.
Today, the veteran benefits sent to a disabled Army veteran, her 11 year old daughter and 4 month old son, are being
Urge Cardiff to stop experiments blinding animals Experiments at Cardiff University have been revealed in which kittens
Western Tourists from North America and Europe (and other places...) have been hunting giraffes for sport and for fun
JUSTICE FOR HARRIS! Callous owner dumps his dying cancer-stricken dog in freezing temperatures.. ---------------- This
We want U.S.A. a "No Kill Nation" in all shelters in the U.S.A. Those animals have no voice, human beings are
recently I have been greatly disturbed by pictures being passed around facebook of the killing of a small defenseless
Henderson, NC (Vance County Animal Control) uses the gas chamber and heart stick methods to put down animals in the
American Museum of Agriculture in Lubbock, Texas - kills two healthy mules for art exhibit... Word that two, still
Donkey sex gets thumbs-up from censors.. Film depicting bestiality gets a surprising pass from classification board. Gay
State after state of the United States of America. are falling like dominos to get in on the blood thirsty torturing and
Dear President, Every single day approximately 200 dogs/400 cats are euthanized in the state of NJ alone. That's 72K
(Information from Humane Society's US Website) Missouri’s Dirty Dozen were selected as examples of some of the worst
Because this is MURDER. Cats are our friend, they are our loyal and loving family members. They are INNOCENTS WHO ARE
---------------This video was produced in 2008, some statistics have since changed.--------------- The facts: -The
PLEASE SIGN AND SHARE THIS PETITION. Animal sexual abuse is on the rise in Germany, with Bestiality brothels being set
There may not be a ‘quick fix’ for animal abuse, but educating our children how to better care for our animals is a
Sign this petition to end this brutal "tradition" in Taiji by telling the Mayor of Taiji, the Prime Minister, and the
http://www.facebook.com/?ref=logo#!/pages/i-hate-pitbulls/398839464275 Help get this page tore down! Pitbull haters are
Showing support for Global Television and Shaw Media who have the brave, forward-thinking move of removing all sport
Our 9 yr old pit bull got shot in the face August 26th 2012. The cop has told one news station one story, and another
Cats are being tortured, beaten and skinned everyday in China for food and for their fur!!! The way the animals are
It is a proven fact that a significant proportion of animal abusers go on to both abuse and/or kill human beings.
Please go to this link and register at Pop Vox to vote to support H.R. 2657 - the "Refuge from Cruel Trapping Act",
Please help save the neeedless slaughtering of wolves as a means of "managing" the wolf population. Humans do not have
Because BULL FIGHTS are cruel and this is clearly a backward step for the welfare of animals in Spain. News story
IT TARGETS ONE SPECIFIC BREED...IT IS DISCRIMINATION AND IT JUST IS NOT FAIR...
Justice for the wrongly imprisoned
To stop the killing of innocent animals.
Each year over 130,000 American horses are shipped to be brutally slaughtered in Mexico and Canada to feed human
We want our stray dogs not be killed any more! We want civilized methods to be applicated! We want no more unnecesarily
The Wedge Pack is in danger of being eliminated unless responsible citizens demand transparency and access to
We need to be the voice for this Doberman, please sign and share.
I want people to sign this to show our disgust with Facebook in allowing a page which will only cause distress for those
Many of the cosmetics, personal-care products, and household products that we use every day are tested on animals.
Jeff Coltenback and his wife Diana are residents of the Township of Bloomfield, NJ. They own and operate a local pet
According to a "recent report" (http://www.cepr.net/index.php/publications/reports/contagion-nation/) by the Center for
A Brief History of the Mural, to Understand What Is at Risk. Canción de la unidad was painted in 1978 by a group of
Thank you for joining me. Let us petition President Zuma as the Government lost the court case in 2010 to stop canned
Bear baiting (also called bear baying) pits a declawed and defanged bear which is chained to a stake against hunting
If you care about dogs "living" in a filthy hellhole, and the fact that local animal control officers turn a blind eye
For generations we've thrown on boots, denim, and large-brim hats and flocked into crowded arenas to catch a glimpse of
Did you know?- Eukanuba and Purina Dog Chow are Major sponsors of the Eukanuba World Cup Dog Show in Belfast scheduled
Lennox is dead. The black “pit bull type” canine became an internet sensation as authorities in Belfast prepared to
Lennox is now dead. MURDERED by the Belfast City Council. Link:
We do know 22 suicides a day..waiting for care. We don't know how many should have received care under CURRENT Policies.
We can convince the government of India that it is the time for them to start acting now. Let them show us they are
The Seaboard Corporation is one of U.S’ largest producers of pork, processing about 18,500 hogs a day at their
According to Metro police, two teens, both 16, were arrested Wednesday for the recent killings of two kittens near
To raise awareness about this issue! Most people have little or no knowledge of who does and who doesn't test on animals
We believe that Facebook needs to remove their animal hate pages and needs to stop their animal cruelty pages.
Last month, Thai authorities arrested a man at Bangkok’s international airport after discovering baby leopards,
Toyota and Audubon invite you to Exit the Highway this summer to discover nature and learn about conservation efforts in
Each year millions of American cows, pigs, chickens, goats, sheep and other animals who are raised, bought and sold for
For 6 years, we at The 50 Million Missing Campaign have been working hard to tell the world about the ongoing female
My dog Tony's story..., Over the past six months Tony, a friendly healthy-minded canine half pit bull and half Sharpei,
Sick wolf is tricking people into helping his cause by misleading us. He is a animal murderer, not an animal lover.
Cockfighting is a terrible practice where people make bets as two roosters are placed in a ring to fight to the death.
Famed wolf biologist, Dr. Gordon Haber, had pleaded with life-long trapper, Coke Wallace, to leave the wolves of Denali
Friends, I know we have posted this photo recently on Good Wolf but I am posting it again and asking that you all share
This is NOT a petition as such, but rather an EMAIL that you can easily send..please use the link that i've put
From the moment they're born, elephants and other animals trapped in the circus are denied everything that they want and
In 1915, the USDA created the Wildlife Services to manage wildlife, protect humans from immediate animal threats and
Largely out of public view, factory farming began on America's poultry farms in the 1920s and quickly spread to every
In 2009, PETA uncovered extensive abuse against the elephants of the Ringling Bros. circus and secretly taped it. The
Despite overwhelming research that says ape testing yields unreliable results, more than 900 of these creatures are
Saturday, in secret, the state legislation of Minnesota cast the final votes to allow a WOLF HUNT in the fall. 400
To end the mass murder of baby goats at the Poosariyur temple in Tamilnadu State, India Thousands of innocent baby goats
Compassionate consumers must use their purchasing power to send a strong message to cosmetics manufacturers that testing
The Sportmen's Heritage Act of 2012 has passed the house of representatives and will now go to the senate for a
In the United States, 99% of food animals are raised in factory farms, an enterprise that produces a huge amount of
PLEASE CLICK ON LINK TO CAST YOUR VOTE IN SUPPORT OF H.R. 2657 TO GIVE ANIMALS REFUGE FROM BARBARIC TRAPS. TRAPPING IS
Goal is to ban barbaric trapping of animals in the USA, just as it is already banned in most civilized countries. PLEASE
Canada's annual seal hunt is the largest slaughter of marine mammals on the planet. In 2010 the Canadian government
IF PEOPLE HAVE A HEART THEY WILL SUPPORT WHAT WE ARE TRYING TO DO OR AT LEAST PUT DENT IN IT. SHARE IT ALL OVER PLEASE
24 horses die each week at racetracks around the country and incidents of injury or death in horse racing are rising.
ACTION ALERT PLEASE SEND, SHARE, LIKE, FORWARD! By the Rainforest Portal, a project of Ecological Internet March 30,
EAT WELL. DRINK WELL. DO GOOD.Back in 1980, musicians Greg Steltenpohl, Gerry Percy, and Bonnie Bassett had a juicy
Oswaldo Campos has over $20,000 in defaulted student loans. It isn't that he's irresponsible -- Oswaldo suffers from
To stop the Inhumane way Donkey are Treated it is great pain seeing donkeys being beaten so inhumanely, until their back
Protect Seals Since the 1950´s Seals are slaughtered all over the World for their Pelts. The efforts and actions of
To end the horrific slaughter of whales and dolphins in Japan A promise needs to made by all to boycott Japan and all
Offering hope and support for homeless, abused or needy animals in our communities. Our 501(c)3 non-profit group
Boycott all companies that promote Halal products & services - Come and support the cause - Having researched halal
Save our Flag from beig removed from Schools and National Places ! 1. Admin. Debra Robinson./ Creator 2. Should the
We are fundraising for 600 MILLION STRAY DOGS NEED YOU. Join us in supporting them.
To rescue, adopt, and provide lifelong care for old dogs abandoned at a time in their lives when they should be valued
ITS FALLING APART SLOWLY, ESPECIALLY MEDICAL, LETS ALL TAKE A STAND NOW! We need to stand as one nation, First Nations
Take a stand against ocean degradation and negative human impact on dolphins and whales through our Whale Call Project.
To provide permanent sanctuary care for primates in need, and to educate others on the plight of captive primates.
Ocean Conservancy is working hard to see that the ocean's most extraordinary places are preserved for
We are fundraising for Humane Society of The United States. Join us in supporting them.