How have ethnic groups been affected by the armed conflict in Colombia?
- Internal displacement (0% people answered this)
- Loss of livelihood production (0% people answered this)
- Increased marginalization and vulnerability (27% people answered this)
- All of the above (72% people answered this)
11 people answered.
Correct answer is: All of the above
The Pacific Coast has long been considered one of the epicenters of the armed conflict. The Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia or FARC were founded in 1964. The cultivation of illegal crops like coca and production of cocaine led to the rise of the Cali Cartel and the strengthening of the paramilitary group Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia. During the 1990s, tens of thousands of mostly Afro-Colombians and Colombians of indigenous decent tried to escape the fighting between guerrillas, the army, paramilitaries and drug traffickers. According to some estimates, fighting between guerrillas, the army, neo-paramilitaries and drug traffickers has killed thousands and displaced approximately 150,000 between 2007 and 2011 (Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre).
Armed conflict & illegality are inextricably linked to weak capacity. Supporting activities of grassroots organizations creates peace and security, promotes human rights, and creates positive impact on conflict-affected populations. FAVACA volunteers help organizations in Colombia gain knowledge in advocacy & project management. FAVACA supports civil society organizations to create change in communities, promote mutual understanding and create lasting partnerships. Help us out? http://www.favaca.org/?q=node%2F30
For the first time in 10 years, the Colombian President and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia will be beginning peace talks in October 2012. Colombia's nearly 50 years of internal conflict is the longest war in the Western Hemisphere. "There are welcome signs that things could be different this time around. The care and professionalism with which the process has been undertaken has ensured a safe, secure environment propitious for discussion so essential in these early stages." (Bouvier, "USIP Colombian Peace Talks," September 2012). However, for the milestones of these peace talks to be achieved, wider civil society needs to be actively involved in monitoring the process and build its capacity to report on progress being made. It is particularly important for youth to be engaged and understand the methods of achieving peace and preventing conflict and ways to increase awareness in order to safeguard the process.