This bill is a bipartisan effort to reinstate the reporting requirements for the Equal Access to Justice Act, and reestablish the original requirements for the payouts by the federal government to successful litigants under the act. A clear and complete description of this act and the challenges that ensued under its implementation can be found here: https://www.strata.org/eaja/. A complete outline of the act is on Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Equal_Access_to_Justice_Act
The intent of this bill seems to be to reassert the oversight aspects of the bill and make them more functional. During recent years 501(c)(3) environmental organizations have made great use of this act, and the reaffirmation of the oversight aspects of the bill may be an effort to limit excess use by these organizations by examining how much they are benefiting from it. The intent of the original bill was to even the playing field for small businesses and organizations with limited resources. If, as it appears, this is a bipartisan effort to address concerns of the overuse of it by these environmental organizations and obtain data that can be examined for it, I think it’s worth my support and my continued observation of how these changes affect the act’s future applications.