While it is certainly true that an armed Peshmerga will make both Baghdad and Ankara anxious, that is not necessarily a bad thing. They are our allies, but our interests are not always aligned. There are a number of good reasons for keeping a Peshmerga-in-being in Northern Mesopotamia: 1. It provides great leverage over the contiguous states; 2. It preserves the autonomy - short of independence - of a friendly people under a secular, pro-Western government (a rare thing in that region); 3. It actually does help combat ISIS, especially in Mosul as we ramp up our efforts to dislodge them; 4 The Peshmerga do a much better and more reliable job closing the Turkish border than the Turkish government does at this point. All these things being said, the types of weapons that we should supply are not the kind that would allow the Kurds to unilaterally declare independence: armored vehicles, heavy artillery, fixed wing aircraft.