Many people argue that lifting the restrictions would encourage a free market of sorts for schools, with parents and their families flocking to the better systems and letting the worst ones die off. The problem is, however, that these aren't fast-food chains: they're schools. Parents who live in poor (economically and qualitatively) school districts often cannot uproot themselves and their families for financial reasons or family obligations. Lifting the restrictions will not change this; it will merely increase the gap in education between classes. Federal restrictions like these exist not to taunt those who want a small government but rather to protect those the state is not interested in serving.