I don't believe that capitalism can flourish if the federal government is allowed to set wages. Let the free market determine this!
Experience has shown that raising the minimum wage to $15/hr. really hurts businesses. I'm afraid raising it to $12/hr. would have the same deleterious effect. It will also most likely result in more jobs being lost to automation!
Entry-level jobs aren't meant to be a dead end for employees. Those employees who perform well will normally get pay raises based on merit and/or seniority.
Employees should bear the "lion's share" of the responsibility for obtaining the education and training required to help them perform well enough to advance in the career of their choice. IOW, they must be MOTIVATED to do what is needed to SUCCEED!