Reactions to ethical matters related to human-animal relationships are often ambiguous and are influence by many human-related factors. Because of such variations, there is a need for guidance in this regard. Such guidelines should thus be useful in a universal sense
The first explicitly dissident voice was de Montaigne (1537-1592) who wrote against cruel treatment of animals as co-sharers of the planet, but his views virtually had no impact (Braeckman, 1996).
The idea of animals as mere thoughtless brutes (automata), which many still adhere to in a revised form, can now be rejected in a stronger as before. One could commit oneself to the high value of animal life and in a particular way move from the “is” towards the “ought”.
There is but one way to promote ethical considerations in human-animal relationships and that is by education. This includes parents as adult role models, formal and informal education as well as adult continuing education. It will encourage people to think about life and their responsible roles in life-systems. Such knowledge will affect attitudes to life in a positive way, paving the way for a balanced ethically approach to human-animal relationships where clarity and informed decision-making becomes possible. (odendaal,S.J.S. 1996)