Increase of forest cover:
Over the years, forest cover has been on the decline in Lebanon. From 35% forest cover in 1960 to a mere 13% nowadays. The protection of remaining forests is essential. In parallel, increasing the forest cover should involve large-scale reforestation schemes.
Restoration of forest ecosystems:
Centuries of human abuse, forest fires, and recently climate change altered and degraded the original forests that covered most of Lebanon. Degraded maquis and garrigues make up most of Lebanon’s green cover. Forest restoration includes all activities needed to restore a forest ecosystem back to its original state. Forest restoration includes several components but at its heart is the reforestation of the area with the same tree species that used to occupy the site.
Conservation of native species:
Habitat loss and forest degradation left many native species at risk of extinction. Moreover, natural regeneration of such species does not readily occur in the wild or is not sufficient to maintain the survival of a given species. The loss of forest trees endangers the survival of not
only the tree species but also the myriad of plant and animal species that depend on them to survive. In this respect, reforestation would help to preserve and reproduce endangered tree species and would also help to protect all the affiliated fauna and flora.
Consolidate the Role of Forests:
• Reducing carbon dioxide form the atmosphere In surface area, Lebanon is not a large country, and it is densely populated in many areas, a factor often leading to heavy pollution.
Trees absorb carbon dioxide released into the air, making it cleaner and healthier overall.
• Increasing the rain period in the winter Lebanon has a typical Mediterranean climate: long hot summers and long rainy winters, with December being the rainiest month. Trees release evaporated water directly into the atmosphere in a process known as evapotranspiration which leads to the production of rain.
• Replenishing ground water and decreasing soil erosion The root system of trees helps in reducing the risk of soil erosion. In general, trees play a major role in improving ground water supply.
• Biodiversity Forests in Lebanon are known for unique and diverse species of trees
which serve as a source of pride to its heritage and significantly as the host of many animal species.