To require a healthy population of wolves in Finland and support its co-existence with humans.
Gray wolves play an important role as apex predators in the ecosystems they typically occupy. The gray wolf once inhabited most, if not all, of the Northern Hemisphere. Excluding modern man, the wolf was the most widely distributed land mammal that ever lived.
Today the wolf has been hunted to near extinction, with only about 100 wolves left in year 2000. The population today is about 200 wolves, much thank to pressure from the EU that forbids unethical hunting of this precious animal. The EU Commission has brought legal action against Finland in the Court of Justice of the European Communities over wolf hunting. Environmental legislation of the EU requires for wolves to be protected, and killing it knowingly is not permitted, excluding some exceptions.
However, Finland allows the systematic hunting of wolves, according to the Commission. Hunting permits are granted based on quotas, and they are not restricted to harmful individual wolves.
Wolves function as social predators and hunt in packs organized according to strict, rank-oriented social hierarchies. The pack is led by the two individuals that sit atop the social hierarchy: the alpha male and the alpha female. The size of the pack may change over time and is controlled by several factors, including habitat, personalities of individual wolves within a pack, and food supply. Packs can contain between 2 and 20 wolves, though 8 is a more typical size.
New packs are formed when a wolf leaves its birth pack, finds a mate, and claims a territory. Lone wolves searching for other individuals can travel very long distances seeking out suitable territories. Dispersing individuals must avoid the territories of other wolves because intruders on occupied territories are chased away or killed.
A wolf has not killed a human in Finland more than 100 years. But in Finland every year dogs are accidently attacking their owners with fatal outcome. Every year people die in Finnish hunting accidents. Every year more than 300 people are killed in the Finnish traffic and an astonishing 1150 Finns are loosing their lives in accidents related to slipping. Why are we chasing the wolf?
1. Revive our too small population of wolves.
2. Stop illegal killings and apply harder judicial punishments for offenders.
3. Educate people about wolves as intelligent social animals.