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What is Aashura?

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. The root word for Aashura is Ashr meaning ten. There are a few reasons why this day is called Aashura.

This is the tenth day of Muharram thus called Aashura.
Ten days are given superiority and this is the tenth day.
On this day, Allah Ta’ala blessed ten Prophets with His chosen bounties.

Significant Incidents of the Day of Aashura

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. There are several prominent incidents which took place on the day of Aashura which have made their place in the glorious history. Here we list a few:

On this day Allah Ta’ala, according to the meaning most suited to Him, descended on the Arsh.
It rained for the first time.
Mercy was revealed for first time.
Adam Alaihis Salaam’s repentance was accepted.
Allah Ta’ala elevated Idris Alaihis Salaam towards the heavens.
Hazrat Nooh Alaihis Salaam’s ark rested at the mountain of Joodi.
Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis Salaam was born.
Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis Salaam was made His ‘Khaleel’ by Allah.
Hazrat Ibrahim Alaihis Salaam was released safe from the fire of Namrood.
Hazrat Daud Alaihis Salaam’s repentance was accepted.
Hazrat Sulaiman Alaihis Salaam recovered his kingdom.
Hazrat Ayub Alaihis Salaam was relieved of his illness.
Hazrat Musa Alaihis Salaam was born.
Hazrat Musa Alaihis Salaam was victorious over the magicians.
Hazrat Musa Alaihis Salaam successfully crossed the river and Firaun was drowned.
Hazrat Yunus Alaihis Salaam was born.
Hazrat Yunus Alaihis Salaam was freed from the belly of the giant fish.
Hazrat Yaqub Alaihis Salaam regained his eyesight.
Hazrat Yusuf Alaihis Salaam was freed from the well and also from confinement.
Hazrat Isa Alaihis Salaam was born.
Hazrat Isa Alaihis Salaam was raised to the skies.
RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam was married to Ummul Mu’mineen Hazrat Khadijatul Kubra RadiyAllahu Anha.
Imam Hussain RadiyAllahu Anhu attained martyrdom.
The Day of Judgement will take place.

Aashura During the Days of Ignorance

My beloved Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam’s beloved devotees. When RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam saw the Jews fasting on the day of Aashura, he enquired as to the reason for it and they replied that this was the day when as Musa Alaihis Salaam was victorious over Firaun, who drowned along with his followers. So out of respect and as mark of celebration, we fast on this day.

Worship on the Night Before Aashura

Hazrat Ali RadiyAllahu Anhu narrates that RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘Whosoever revives the night before Aashura with his worship, Allah will make him live as long as He wishes.’

Bathing on Aashura

RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam said, ‘Whoever takes a bath (performs Ghusl) on the day of Aashura will be saved from all illnesses except death.’

Good Deeds on Aashura

RasoolAllah Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam says, ‘Whosoever applies surma made of stones on the day of Aashura, will have his eyes protected. Whosoever visits sick on this day will get reward of visiting all the sick of the world. And whosoever gives a drink to a needy person will get the reward of doing all the good deeds in the world.’

Compassion Towards an Orphan

Allah’s beloved Rasool Sallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam has said, ‘Whosoever strokes the head of an orphan with his hands (loves him and attends to his needs) on the day of Aashura, then for every hair, Allah will raise the status of that person in Jannah. [Ghunyatut Taalibeen]

Voluntary Prayers of Aashura

RadiyAllahu Anhu Abu Hurairah reports that one should pray four rak’ats on the day of Aashura, in each rak’at after Surah Fatiha pray Surah Zilzal, Surah Kaafiroon and Surah Ikhlaas once and after Salaam, pray Durood Sharif 70 times.

In another narration it is stated whoever prays four rak’ats on the day of Aashura in a manner that after each rak’at pray Surah Ikhlas fifty times after Surah Fatiha...

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