to Save Remnant Indonesian Tropical Forests
By definition, a Moratorium on Logging is the temporary cessation of logging and forest conversion activities. Its objective is to provide some leeway regarding problems in order that a long term and permanent solution be found.
A Moratorium on Logging is the most sensible choice. Every year, 2.72 million hectares of Indonesian forests are lost. Each minute, an area as large as five soccer fields is destroyed. It is estimated that the natural forests in Sumatra, Kalimantan and Sulawesi will be extinct by 2012. In 2022, all natural forests in Indonesia will be extinct.
Various initiatives, like FLEGT, are unable to suppress the rate of destruction because FLEGT is administered by the European Union and only regulates law enforcement, management, and timber trade destined for Northern countries. FLEGT never addresses the fundamental roots of forestry sector problems. Moreover, FLEGT does not address the pattern of consumption in Indonesia, which is the critical factor spurring accelerated deforestation.
Solving the problems of the forestry sector will not be easy. Anti-poaching operations have addressed less than 8.7 percent of illegal logging, and the operational costs of these programs are not trivial, though far less than the losses caused by poaching activities themselves, which extend beyond the timber smuggling problem.
This has led to regency-level development/growth of industry that the central government may have incomplete information about or may be unaware of, such that forestry development planning can only be based on assumptions. Working out solutions for forestry sector development fails to take three basic issues into account: (1) lack of acknowledgement of people’s rights; (2) corruption; and (3) a huge discrepancy between supply and demand in the timber industry.
A Moratorium on Logging was taken up as an alternative because of the many interests requiring some form of improvement. The large number of agendas made it difficult to find a single solution. Through a moratorium, all of these agendas can be put on hold so that overlapping problems in administration and policy can first be improved.
1. Lack of Acknowledgement of people’s rights
2. Coruption on every level in forestry sector
3. A huge discrepancy between supply and demand in the timber industry.