To make people acknowledge its serious and can kill. In the UK, diabetes affects approx 2.3million people, and it's thought there are at least half a million more who have it, but are unawhere.


Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose, or sugar, for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ that lies near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into the cells of our bodies.

When you have diabetes, your body either doesn't make enough insulin or can't use its own insulin as well as it should. This causes sugars to build up in your blood. Diabetes can cause serious health complications including heart disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower-extremity amputations. Diabetes is predicted by a clear set of symptoms, but it still often goes undiagnosed.

Diabetes is becoming increasingly more common throughout the world, due to increased obesity (also known as metabolic syndrome or pre-diabetes) leading to higher incidences of type 2 diabetes


Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body produces no insulin. It is often referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes. It is also sometimes known as juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes, because it usually develops before the age of 40, often in the teenage years.

Type 1 diabetes is far less common than type 2 diabetes, which occurs when there is too little insulin produced by the body to work, or when the cells in the body do not react properly to insulin. People with type 1 diabetes make up only 5-15% of all people with diabetes.

If you have type 1 diabetes, you will need to take insulin injections for life. You must also make sure that your blood glucose levels stay balanced by eating a healthy diet and carrying out regular blood tests.


Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body produces too little insulin to work, or when the cells in the body do not react properly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance.

In many cases, this type of diabetes is associated with obesity. It is sometimes referred to as maturity-onset diabetes because it usually develops in people over 40 years of age. However, it is also possible for children as young as seven to develop type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes is far more common than type 1 diabetes, which occurs when the body produces no insulin at all. People with type 2 diabetes make up as much as 95% of all people with diabetes.

Someone with type 2 diabetes may be able to control their symptoms just by eating a healthy diet and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is progressive, so it is possible that they will eventually need to take insulin medication, such as injections.


TYPE 1 diabetes symptoms often appear suddenly and include high levels of sugar in the blood and urine, frequent urination, hunger, thirst, weight loss, weakness, tiredness, mood swings, nausea and vomiting.

TYPE 2 diabetes symptoms include thirst and regular need to urinate, tiredness, irritability and nausea. Skin infections, blurry vision, tingling or dry skin are also common symptoms. Often symptoms are very mild.

1. its underestimated

2. so many illnesses follow

3. keep to your diet advised

4. can be fatal