The mission of JDRF is to find a cure for diabetes and its complications.
1. It can cause kidney failure, blindness, heart disease, stroke, and amputation.
2. More than 24 million Americans have diabetes (8 percent of the population)
3. People with diabetes are two to four times more likely to have a heart attack or stroke than someone without the disease.
4. Diabetes kills one American every three minutes and is the sixth leading cause of death reported in the U.S.
5. Life expectancy for people with diabetes is shortened by an average of 7-10 years.
~Type 1 (insulin-dependent)~
In this type of diabetes, a person's pancreas produces little or no insulin. It can occur at any age, but is mostly diagnosed between infancy and late 30s. People with type 1 diabetes must check their blood sugar and inject insulin several times every day.
~Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent)~
In this type of diabetes the pancreas still produces insulin, but the body does not produce enough or is not able to use it effectively. Type 2 diabetes usually develops after the age of 40, but can appear earlier in life. Treatment includes diet control, exercise, self-monitoring of blood glucose and oral drugs or insulin.
Type 1 and 2 diabetes are polygenic diseases, meaning the risk of developing these forms of diabetes is related to multiple genes. But some rare forms of diabetes result from mutations in a single gene and are called monogenic; they are sometimes mistaken for type 1.
About 2 to 5 % of pregnant women develop high blood sugar during pregnancy. Although this type of diabetes usually disappears after the birth of the baby, women who have had gestational diabetes are at high risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
The symptoms of type 1 diabetes may occur suddenly, and include one or more of the following:
-Sugar in urine
-Sudden vision changes
-Sudden weight loss
-Fruity, sweet, or wine-like odor on breath
-Heavy, labored breathing
1. Inform yourself about type 1, type 2, monogenic, and gestational diabetes
2. Adults: learn to manage diabetes at work, home, and during other activities
3. Teens: learning to manage diabetes during school, work, sports, and while with friends
4. Learn about managing diabetes through dieting and exercise
5. Donate to the well known organization -JDRF- to help find a cure for diabetes