An important global issue is

deforestation. This issue is of particular importance for the sustainability of the earth. I want to help eradicate deforestation and plant more trees. My campaign on Deforestation is important because the more trees we chop down, the less clean air we have. We are slowly poisoning ourselves.  If the rate of deforestation continues at its current pace to keep up with growing populations and the demand for urban spaces, then there will be approximately 18 million acres of forests being cleared each year. This would be a disaster on a global scale.

Deforestation is not limited to one geographical location. Logging is often blamed as the sole reason or cause of deforestation but it is not, there are other causes. Forests provide the mechanisms for clean air which help provide oxygen that contributes to all of humanity. Satellite images are being used to examine the rate of deforestation occurring simultaneously across the world. The top 5 countries that cleared the largest percentages of their forests in the past 10 years were in Togo in West Africa, Honduras, Mauritania, the tiny island of Comoros and Burundi in Central Africa. The reduction in forests creates massive soil erosion. There is also a decline in wildlife. The entire eco-system begins to fall apart as huge forests are destroyed. Today green cover is at an all-time low of 30%. Over 30 million acres of forests and woodlands are lost every year due to deforestation.

Deforestations needs to stop because it destroys the habitats of creatures such as the orangutan. One of the most dangerous and unsettling effects of deforestation is the loss of animal and plant species due to their loss of habitat; not only do we lose those known to us, but also those unknown, potentially an even greater loss. The trees of the rainforest that provide homes and shelter for many species also provide the canopy that regulates the temperature, a necessity, for many others. Its removal through deforestation allows a more drastic temperature variation from day to night, much like a desert, which could prove fatal for current inhabitants. Not only is the destruction of habitats a major problem, so is the effect on the environment.

Deforestation also has a severe impact on the environment. Further effects of deforestation include soil erosion and coastal flooding. In addition to their previously mentioned roles, trees also function to retain water and topsoil, which provides the rich nutrients to sustain additional forest life. Without them, the soil erodes and washes away, causing farmers to move on and clear further land for their produce. The barren land which is left behind in the wake of these unsustainable agricultural practices is then more susceptible to flooding, specifically in coastal regions.

One final result of deforestation is that it is contributing to climate change. Forests serve many purposes, 70% of Earth's animals and plants live in forests and trees serve a crucial role in the water cycle by returning water vapour back into the atmosphere. Trees keep forest soil moist by blocking the sun, and most importantly—trees absorb the greenhouse gases that fuel global warming. Forests play a huge role in the carbon cycle on our planet. When forests are cut down, not only does carbon absorption cease, but also the carbon stored in the dead trees is released into the atmosphere as CO2.

Climate change occurs because of a build-up of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere. The CO2 sits in the atmosphere acting as a blanket and trapping heat on Earth. If we carry on cutting down the main tool we have to diminish this CO2 build up, we can expect the climate of our planet to change dramatically over the next decades.

In conclusion I have substantiated the facts that deforestation is a true global issue and is of critical importance to everyone on the planet. If we fail to take action on this necessary cause this would be a disaster on a global scale. The impact of doing nothing will result in the death of forests, animals and the quality of the air we breathe.

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