Existential psychotherapy is a philosophical method of therapy
that operates on the belief that inner conflict within a person is due
to that individual's confrontation with the givens of existence. These givens, as noted by Irvin D. Yalom, are: the inevitability of death, freedom and its attendant responsibility, existential isolation (referring to Phenomenology), and finally meaninglessness.
These four givens, also referred to as ultimate concerns, form the body
of existential psychotherapy and compose the framework in which a
therapist conceptualizes a client's problem in order to develop a method