About Baabda Forest
Horsh Baabda was declared a nature reserve, by T.E.R.R.E.Liban, more than 20 years ago. Since then it became a place of attraction for scientific curiosity, not only because of its conservation status but also because it is the only significant remaining forest in the middle of the agglomerations of the littoral strip on the south-east confines of Beirut, the Capital.
The protection of Horsh Baabda from human exploitation resulted into a healthy and balanced ecosystem.
Baabda Forest is a private property owned by the Antonin Monastery in Baabda, directed by T.E.R.R.E. Liban and the association of the friends of the Antonin College. It has been declared as a protected forest since 1995.
The forest lies between longitude 35° 32´ 55.72´´E and latitude 33° 49´ 44.43´´N and situated at an altitude between 100m and 200m.Its overall area is 100,000 m².
Flora at Baabda Forest
Baabda Forest is the northern limit distribution of Pinus Halepensis in Lebanon. In the Forest you can find 425 SPECIES of trees, Shrubs and wild plants:
· 15 % of the Lebanese wild species.
· 5 endemic plants’ species to Lebanon (Scariola triquetra, Melissa indora, Salvia fruticosa libanotica, Stachys hydrophila and Papaver umbonatum).
· 2 endemic species to Lebanon and Syria (Aristolochia scabridula and Gladiolus segetum).
· 31 species of trees and shrubs.
· 68 species of medicinal plants.
Birds at Baabda Forest:
· 171 birds’ species.
· 43% of the total number Lebanese birds.
· 35 species are classified by IUCN as birds threatened to disappear.
Mammals at Baabda Forest
· 12 mammals’ species.
· 22% of Lebanese species
Herptiles at Baabda Forest
· 8 Lizards (among which one is endemic).
· 5 snacks’ species.
· 4 amphibians (salamander, toad, 2 frogs).
· 1 tortoise (Greek turtle) which is threatened to disappear in the Mediterranean region.