Help Justice: Bulgarian properties in Turkey from before 1913, back to their legitime owners.
THE Genocide OF THE THRACIAN BULGARIANS IN 1913 described in The Karnegi Endowment, in many books & witneses like Lyubomir Georgiev Miletic(1863-1937), philologist, ethnographer, public figure, member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Born in Stip. Graduate in Slavic philology from the Zagreb University (1889). Deputy Chairman (1911-1925) and Chairman of the Managing Board of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1926-1937). Corresponding member of a number of foreign academies and honorary member of the East European Institute in Rome. L . Miletic studied many linguistic phenomena, the living Bulgarian dialects. He worked in the sphere of ethnography, history and folklore. This is what Miletic noted down back in June 1915 in the preface to the book 'The Ruin of the Thracian Bulgarians in 1913' (Sofia, 1918, in Bulgarian): I wrote this book as a contribution to the detailed history of the great events of 1912-1913. I support my statements by numerous quotations from eye-witness accounts by direct participants most of whom I had questioned myself. These investigations which I carried out with great energy and effort were the result of a purely personal endeavour in which I was guided by a keen sentiment of compassion for our unfortunate compatriots.' (Ibid, p. 5).The Turkish Re-occupation of the Adrianople Region In early July 1913 the (Second Balkan) war between Bulgaria and its erstwhile allies Serbia and Greece was at its height. Greek troops were already pressing into Bulgarian territory towards Djoumaya, while Romanian troops had entered Northern Bulgaria; at the same time the Bulgarian administration in the Adrianople region was still reassuring the Bulgarian population of Thrace that there was no imminent danger from the Turkish side. The general view then was that the Turks, bound by the London Peace Treaty, would only go as far as the Enos-Midye line. With this conviction, the population and administration calmly went about their business until the last minute when iit became clear that the Turks were advancing, and were already looting, murdering and burning on their way. The Turks carried out their re-occupation of the Adrianople region commiting genocide, which had obviously been planned even before the beginning of the Second Balkan War (between Bulgaria and its former allies), in early July 1913 in a cunning and skilfully-executed manoeuvre, so that by the time the Bulgarian lax administration realised what was up, the Turkish invasion was over. Initially the Turks, not quite sure as to the resistance they would encounter on the part of the Bulgarian population and whether they might not cause a pro-Bulgarian reaction in Europe, decided to execute their plan as quickly and as quietly as possible. Simultaneously they achieved another important goal by arriving before the frightened Bulgarian population could flee: they managed to carry out the re-occupation without preparing supplies, mainly food supplies, for their troops because, as eye-witness reports further down show, the first concern of the Turkish military commanders on taking over Bulgarian villages was to collect the livestock and all the food in storage, and then to make the Bulgarian population complete the work of harvesting, threshing and storing the produce. Having done so, the Bulgarian population was expelled across the nearest Bulgarian border with just the clothes they wore, and without their cattle. Their possessions were handed over to the plunder-hungry Turkish population, which had fled Thrace at the beginning of the 1912 war and had now returned in the wake of the Turkish occupying forces. All this was done in a planned fashion in fulfilment of a general directive from the military authorities. In order to guarantee the success of the plan and to avoid any armed resistance by the Bulgarian population, the Turkish commanders gave orders for the confiscation of all the weapons owned by the local population, down to the last