Overfishing is a worldwide problem. Overfishing is defined as fishing with a sufficiently high intensity to reduce the breeding stock levels to such an extent that they will no longer support a sufficient quantity of fish for sport or commercial harvest. I want to end unsustainable fishing practices. My campaign is important because every year 77.9 billion tonne of fish are commercially fished, and this is unsustainable.  Without action large predatory fish will become extinct and our ecosystem will suffer.

The overall ecological unity of our oceans is under stress and at risk of collapse. Targeted fishing on top predators, such as billfish, tuna and sharks, will destroy the marine community. About 90% of the stocks of large predatory fish are already gone. Overfishing is caused by 1% of fishermen. The 1% of fisherman have boats with 40-metre-long nets and they bring in 90 million tons of fish a year. This may also end in our global population losing a valuable food source that many depend upon for social, economic or dietary reasons. Change is needed because; dredging is destroying the ecosystem, most fish species are critically endangered and mass fishing is polluting the earth.

Dredging is causing damage to the ecosystem. Dredging is the act of fish nets being dragged just above the sand. Targeted fishing on top predators (such as billfish, sharks and tuna) will cause an abundance of smaller marine animals at the bottom of the food chain.  This will cause growth of algae and threats to coral reefs. According to marine ecologists, unsustainable fishing is the greatest threat to the ocean ecosystem.  The practice destroys the physical environment of marine life and distorts the entire food chain in the oceans. Overfishing is causing damage to not only the fish but also the ecosystem and dredging is causing damage that might never be repaired.

Most fish species are now becoming endangered. Harvest of non-targeted fish or bycatch will give rise to the capturing of sea animals that are not used or required. These may include endangered or protected species such as certain marine mammals, or other aquatic species of little or no commercial or recreational value. According to oceana 52% of fish stocks are fully exploited including all species of tuna, all species of snapper, most species of cod, eel, haddock and salmon. If we continue to fish our oceans like this rate our species of fish will become extinct. Not only is overfishing killing off fish species it is polluting the earth in the process.

Mass fishing is polluting the earth.  Many large fisheries stay for weeks and months in deep seas and often lose their nets. These nets continue to trap and catch fish under the water and end up killing them.  These discarded nets, often referred to as ghost nets, stay there for many decades. The nets often catch thousands of seabirds, 20,000 northern fur seals and about 500,000 octopi in just 1 year. Oil and liquid spills, chemical and solid elements discharged into the water by fishing boats, vessels and trawlers often hurt marine life.  Its very easy to think that the oceans are so big and these are not real threats, but a bit of pollution by thousands of trawlers everyday contribute to something very big and disturbing.  Overfishing not only removes all the fish from the ecosystem it is destroying the ecosystem through pollution.


For things to change we need to stop overfishing to give the fish population a chance to repopulate. We need to stop the pollution of the oceans because overfishing is not just causing fish extinction its causing ecosystem destruction as well. Action needs to be taken otherwise the fish population will become extinct and we will lose a source of protein that is widely used mostly for the less fortunate. Every year millions of tonnes of fish are commercially fished, and this is unsustainable.  Without fish the species will become extinct and our ecosystem will suffer.

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