Overfishing is caused by fish being caught at a faster rate than they can reproduce through ordinary reproduction. Fishermen generally aim to catch as many fish as possible in the shortest period possible and this may appear like a good idea but this practice has consequences. The results of overfishing affect many areas, the environmental balance of the ocean as well as, social and economic impacts, for examples communities which depend on fish. 

The goal of this campaign is to reduce the impact commercial and illegal fishing has on our oceans. Drastic action needs to be taken to repair our oceans ecosystems.

To reduce the effects of commercial fishing has on our oceans it is vital that strict control measures are put into place. Reducing the number of commercial trawling vessels which are allowed to fish in certain areas could help fish repopulate. Also introducing smaller bag limits for all fishermen could improve our oceans current status. Implementing heavier law enforcement for illegal fishing would also lower the current levels of over fishing.

Overfishing is caused predominately by enormous commercial fishing trawlers which are far too large for what is needed to maintain a steady level of sea life in our oceans ecosystems.

Fish stocks are currently being exploited at an overwhelming rate. Alongside this fact many species of fish are facing extinction due to overfishing. Over 50% of oceans stocks are in urgent level of danger to become unrecoverable. Over 80% of our oceans are recorded to be in a state of overexploitation or depletion.

Fisheries in Canada have faced overfishing. Their oceans were thriving with cod but came to a complete halt due to intense overfishing with near to no restriction from law enforcement. The ecosystem has never recovered from this tragedy which occurred over 20 years ago. It wasn’t only the ocean which suffered from this depletion, the local community was left with over 40 000 without work.

Another issue faced by commercial fishing is the by-catch which is often killed and wasted. Often as high 80% of the by-catch from these fishing trawlers are killed and discarded. Endangered and vulnerable species are often killed, making it harder for the species to recover.

Regulating and enforcing overfishing will reduce the impact it has on the environment, economy and communities. Enforcing and reducing catch limits by accurately determining and frequently reassessing the population of targeted species in all fisheries. Eliminated the death of by-catch and enforcing this with heavy penalties will help maintain healthy levels of fish populations. Introducing more green zones/protected zones and introducing more artificial reefs would also give fish more protection from fishermen. Enforcing these changes would help bring fish populations back to a stable level.

Over 30% of our oceans have been forced beyond their natural limits and are in urgent need of enforced management plans to save our beautiful ecosystems. Several popular commercial fish communities, such as tuna, have declined dramatically to the point of the species becoming under threat. Natural predators are some of the most targeted species and with decreasing numbers in these species is having a major impact on the entire ecosystem, putting it out of balance, creating an abundance of smaller fish.

Most fisheries understand and acknowledge the urgency needed to protect our ecosystem. Another issue which enforcers face is illegal fishing and it is near impossible to put a stop to it.

Currently the number of fish caught in our oceans internationally is surprisingly lowering but this is due to a drastic decline in the population of fish in almost every area of the planet. The first time the oceans catch number lowered was over 30 years ago and the population number has continued to decline ever since. This proves that overfishing is having a dramatic effect on not just the environment but the economy too. Internationally, fish stocks continue to be at an unsafe biological level, which will eventually lead to the extinction of sea life due to the destruction of our oceans ecosystems.

Overfishing has caused a dramatic drop of over 80% in the shark population throughout the world’s oceans. Sharks are at the top of the food chain and a decrease in their population would cause a devastating domino effect on the rest of the ecosystem.

Our oceans supply millions, possibly billions of people with food; it is very difficult to solve the current issue of overfishing. With so many people relying on our oceans for a food source a continued demand for fish will make it difficult for fish stocks to recover. Many protestors are calling for a stop to commercial fishing but there are many other for conservative options to reduce the impact of overfishing. Sustainable fishing practices need to be implemented to reach our goal of improving the current levels of fish stock.

Our current fishing practices need change because if we continue to destroy our oceans ecosystem the way we are currently, in the near future we will no longer have the luxury of a unlimited food supply which our oceans provide us. Changes to current fisheries laws and restrictions need to be implemented and enforced.

The highest contributing factor to overfishing in our oceans is the high number of commercial fishing vessels which trawl our seas constantly. These fisheries are catching fish at an unsustainable rate, giving our oceans no opportunity to repopulate, further causing a decrease in fish stocks. Our oceans fish stocks have taken an estimated decrease of 70%. With fish stocks plummeting at the rate they are the current population are not being given the opportunity to reproduce. A decrease in fish stocks is also having an impact on the economy.

A decrease in fish stocks has a dramatic effect on economies all around the world. Following a decrease in fish stocks in one business causes the profit and product sale to decrease meaning less money is put into the economy. An example of the economic effects of over fishing can be found in Newfoundland, Canada. The incident occurred in 1992. The once abundant cod industry came to a complete halt after many years of over fishing and unenforced fisheries laws, putting over 30 000 people out of work and majorly impacting the Canadian economy as well as destroying the local ecosystem. Illegal fishing and low fisheries enforcement also impacts on all aspects of over fishing.

The effects of overfishing can be decreased by enforcing laws on commercial and illegal fishing in all areas of the world. If laws are implemented and enforced fish stocks will be given the opportunity to increase which would improve the ecosystem, economy and fishing communities around the world. Enforcing laws such as stricter catch limits by reassessing the number of targeted fish, unintentional killing and disposal of unwanted marine life, illegal fishing in marine protection zones, surpassing catch limits and catching undersized fish. Implementing these changes would overtime improve fish stocks internationally.

Decreasing the number of commercial fishing vessels in our oceans and enforcing fisheries laws would decrease the impacts of overfishing. Internationally fish stocks have decreased by over 70% and this number is continuing to drop dramatically. If no action is taken our oceans ecosystem will be completely destroyed, taking away an enormous part of coastal countries’ economies and societies.

 Changes need to be made to save our oceans. Laws need to be enforced and commercial fishing needs to be slowed down. Nothing will be left of our oceans fish stocks if we continue to take advantage of it.

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