My goal is to save the mountain gorilla’s from extinction before we lose
another species and potentially lose our ecosystem. The Mountain Gorilla plays a very crucial role in the ecosystem. Gorillas disperse seeds throughout the forests due to their plant based diets. Gorillas create places where seedlings can grow and replenish the forest. This is vital to the other animals that share the same habitat.

Mountain gorillas were discover in 1902 and when fully grown they can measure more than 5 ft. when standing and weigh around 450lbs. the gorillas diet consisted of 100 different type of plants. There is a close connection between habitat loss and poaching due to roads deforestation of large zones of Forrest which is destroying gorilla’s homes and making it more accessible for poachers to find gorillas. There needs to be stricter laws for poachers and more 2006 census at Bwindi indicated that the population was at an all-time low of 340 gorillas and now there is a population of 880 mountain gorillas in the world and we need to make a change now. We have made a few steps in the correct direction by having protected areas but we need more supervision, research and resources before we go further. 17% of our gorilla’s live in protected areas. Gorillas are closely related to humans with similar anatomical and physiological features this makes them vulnerable to similar diseases.

Mountain Gorillas live in a mountain range where the trees are covered with thick forests. If we want to preserve the gorillas, we also have to preserve the ecosystem they live in. Some of this is obvious. The gorillas need plants to eat, so we must ensure those are there. But we also can't let the area be overrun by inedible weeds. That in turn means keeping most of the other animals, as they will shape the plant community. So if we decide to save the mountain gorillas, by extension we are also choosing to preserve the particular habitat they live in and the majority of the species that live alongside them.

The main reason gorillas are becoming extinct because of loss of habitat. This means that that gorillas can no longer find areas to feed, breed and find homes to live in. according to Gorillas-World “Gorillas need vegetation to survive, as they feed on plants and often build nests in trees to rest. Commercial activities such as agriculture, mining, and farming, make people cut down the trees of their habitat reducing the availability of food. Currently, 17 percent of gorillas live in protected areas, while the rest inhabit forests where they face several dangers” in order to save the gorillas we need to save the areas they live in. Gorillas world also says that There is a close connection between habitat loss and poaching. Until the 1980s, it was almost impossible to access the dense vegetation areas where gorillas live, but after clearing some areas, making some roads and devastating large zones of forests, the access to find gorillas got a lot easier for poachers.

Poachers are killing gorillas to sell their meat or various parts of their body, or sometimes they capture gorillas and keep them alive and to sell them as exotic pets or for private collections of animals. National geographic warns that “Increasingly, mining and logging camps are hiring professional poachers to provide "bush meat" wild animal flesh for their workers and for refugees who've fled nearby conflict. though gorillas still make up a tiny percentage of the bush-meat trade, losses can be devastating, because gorilla numbers are already so low and their communities are so tightly knit.

Physical injury or trauma is the leading cause of death in mountain gorillas. Trauma can be human-induced such as injuries caused by snares or conflict with other gorillas. Silverbacks and blackbacks have long and sharp canine teeth that cause serious injuries when fighting with each other for dominance. Occasionally, adult females and youngsters get caught in the middle of fights and are injured. “ Geneticists believe that because the mountain gorilla population is so small and genetic diversity is vital to the species’ survival, that individual gorillas contributing to the gene pool warrant life-saving veterinary care.” Veterinary teams continue to examine and debate the complicated issue of intervening to save gorillas suffering from wounds inflicted by other gorillas. I Look forward to the day when the mountain gorilla population is large enough that there is no longer the need to intervene.

We need to make a change quick before it’s too late. We need to increase the gorilla population by research their distribution and biology. Gorillas need to be monitored for diseases such as Ebola and anthrax which have been affecting gorillas for decades. We also need ecotourism which could support all these activities. Mountain Gorillas are the most endangered of the three subspecies, and are seriously threatened by the possibility of extinction, There are less than 880 of them left in the world. Many factors have contributed to their endangered status, including habitat loss, poaching, and snares meant for small game. Recently, mountain gorillas have also become the victims of neighbouring human warfare. If we decide to save the mountain gorillas, by extension we are also choosing to preserve the particular habitat they live in and the majority of the species that live alongside them.

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