Overfishing is fishing with a sufficiently
high intensity to reduce the breeding stock levels to such an extent that they will no longer support a sufficient quantity of fish for sport or commercial harvest. Overfishing means we are losing species as well as entire ecosystems. As a result the overall ecological unity of our oceans are under stress and at risk of collapsing. My main goal is to reduce. The results of overfishing not only effects the balance of life in the oceans but also our social and economic well-being.

More than 85 percent of the world's fisheries have been pushed to or beyond their biological limits and are in need of strict management plans to restore them. If we don’t do something about it, by 2048, there will be no more seafood in our oceans. That’s a very grim prediction and it’s not far away. Ocean overfishing is simply the taking of wildlife from the sea at rates too high for fished species to replace themselves. Over 25% of all the world's fish stocks are either overexploited or depleted. Another 52% is fully exploited, these are in imminent danger of overexploitation (maximum sustainable production level) and collapse. Thus a total of almost 80% of the world's fisheries are fully- to over-exploited, depleted, or in a state of collapse, the oceans aren’t an endless resource. The most recent figures indicate that over 85% of the world’s fish stocks are now fished up to full capacity, or are over-fished. It is very easy to predict the most obvious impact of overfishing — no more fish for humans! And this is only a few decades from now, if we do not act quickly and decisively.

We need change because fish stocks are getting way to low, it is having a negative effect on the ecosystem and finally it will have a social and economic impact on communities. As a result of overfishing fish stocks will be soon depleted. The fish near the bottom of the aquatic food chain are often overlooked, but they are vital to healthy oceans and estuaries. Collectively known as forage fish, these species—including sardines, anchovies, herrings, and shrimp-like crustaceans called krill—feed on plankton and become food themselves for larger fish, seabirds, and marine mammals. Historically, people have eaten many of these fish, too, of course. But as demand for animal protein has soared over the last half-century, more and more forage fish have been caught to feed livestock and farmed fish instead of being eaten by people directly. A growing body of scientific evidence suggests that current fishing levels are dangerously high

Catches in the tropics are expected to decline a further 40% by 2050, and yet 400 million people in Africa and Southeast Asia rely on fish caught to provide their protein and minerals. the oceans aren’t an endless resource.  Figures have shown that over 85% of fish stocks are now fished to full capacity, or even over-fished. The vast majority of global fish stocks are over-exploited. Unless we stop this exploitation fish stocks will be totally depleted from the oceans.

Overfishing is having a horrible effect on the food chain and is having an adverse effect on marine biodiversity. Overfishing will wreak havoc and destroy the environment and marine ecology and completely disrupt the food chain”. From the commercial harvesting of krill to the cruel practice of "finning" sharks, humans are impacting marine ecosystems in a short-sighted and dangerous way”, warns Dr. Worm. Targeted fishing of top predators (such as billfish, sharks and tuna) eventually disrupts marine communities, causing increased abundance of smaller marine animals at the bottom of the food chain. This in turn has impacts on the rest of the marine ecosystem, such as the increased growth of algae and threats to coral reef health. Overfishing is also closely tied to bycatch, another serious marine threat that causes the needless loss of billions of fish, along with marine turtles and cetaceans. If overfishing doesn’t stop the ecosystem will go into a complete meltdown.

 Overfishing also has a social and economic impact on communities

Overfishing plays a major role in social life as well. When fisheries overfish, the waters become depleted of resources which humans have become accustomed to for generations. Many families pass down the fishing lifestyle to their kids, so a way of life will change for many cultures around the world. Also many jobs will be lost, Because of shows like deadliest catch on television, the fishing lifestyle may look more appealing to a larger group of people, which consequently influences more people to go out and fish the waters dry. Thousands of fishermen worldwide have been forced to quit this profession and take up another job. However, this is not easy considering that for most fishing families, the profession have been passed down from generation to generation. In many island nations especially, the lack of jobs available in fishing is having a large social impact. In many African and South Asian coastal countries “fish may account for as much as 50 percent of protein in a typical diet.” This is pretty astounding and it is easy to see how removing all these fish from the water and thus peoples diets can have a negative impact on society in these countries. Many of these countries that are being effected the most are some of the most poor and therefore do not have much access to other high nutrient foods and the depletion of fish could cause many health problems and weight loss among citizens in these areas. Overfishing has major social and economic impacts on communities.  

Less than two percent of the world’s oceans are protected in marine parks; and less than one percent of the oceans are protected from any kind of fishing. More no-catch zones must be established to allow fish populations and their ecosystems to recover and replenish themselves to ensure fishing for future generations. Trawling drags huge nets through the ocean that scoop up every animal and the ecosystem in its pathway, resulting in massive wasteful bycatch, is devastating our oceans. We don’t have that kind of sea life to waste. Though there are many programs that focus on decreasing by-catch, and worldwide there are small regions where bottom trawling is banned or limited, these measures aren’t enough. Trawling needs to be banned outright. Catch shares is a system of fishing management that is proven to allow fish stocks to replenish, while saving the livelihoods of fishing communities by preventing a sudden collapse. A total allowable needs to be established, using scientific data about the health of fish stocks and the environment in certain areas. Catch shares can be licensed out to each fishing business telling them exactly how much of each seafood species they’re allowed to catch. I believe if these actions were taken the problem of overfishing will be reduced. If we stop overfishing right now we will have a balanced ecosystem. Fish stocks will begin to recover, and marine biodiversity will be ensured to maintain the economic benefits of the fishing industry.

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