Water pollution is the contamination of water

bodies (e.g. lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater). This form of environmental degradation occurs when pollutants are directly or indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate treatment to remove harmful compounds. My goal is to reduce the pollution we’re letting get into our water ways. To reduce the effects it’s having on humans and also the sea life and their habitats. This campaign is important to reduce the deaths that the filth in the water ways is causing.

Most water pollution doesn’t start in the water itself. 80% of the oceans pollution comes from the land. The biggest source of pollution in the ocean is directly from land based sources, such as oil, dirt, septic tanks, farms, ranches, motor vehicles. 1% of the earth’s water is fresh water, with the rest being salty or un able to drink it.  More than 1 billion people worldwide do NOT have access to a clean drinking source causes approximately 5000 people to die every day as a result of drinking unclean water. Polluted drinking waters causes 250 million cases in water based disease each and every year, witch results of 5-10 million deaths.

We need change what and where we are placing our unwanted rubbish because water pollution is doing more harm then what we think it is. It affects marine ecosystems, wildlife health, and human well-being.

Marine ecosystems are being effect by water pollution causing sea life to lose habitats and as well as food sources that grow in certain habitats. Oil spills sit on the surface of the water and prevents sunlight from reaching to marine plants which affects the process of photosynthesis.

Skin irritation, eye irritation, lung and liver problems can impact marine life over long period of time is just some of the ways sea life is effected by water pollution. Industrial and agricultural wastes include various poisonous chemicals that are considered hazardous for marine life. Chemicals from pesticides can accumulate in the fatty tissue of animals, leading to failure in their reproductive system. Chemicals used in industries and agriculture get washed into the rivers and from there are carried into the oceans. These chemicals do not get dissolved and sink at the bottom of the ocean. Small animals ingest these chemicals and are later eaten by large animals, which then affects the whole food chain. Most of the debris in the ocean does not decompose and remain in the ocean for years. As a result of this, oxygen levels go down. When oxygen levels go down, the chances of survival of marine animals like whales, turtles, sharks, dolphins, penguins for long time also goes down.

The way water pollution has an impact on human wellbeing is huge as animals from impacted food chain are then eaten by humans which affects their health as toxins from these contaminated animals gets deposited in the tissues of people and can lead to cancer, birth defects or long term health problems. Drinking untreated water nowadays and your body will immediately react to it. Pesticides can damage the nervous system and cause cancer because of the carbonates and organophosphates that they contain. Chlorides can cause reproductive and endocrinal damage. Nitrates are especially dangerous to babies that drink formula milk. It restricts the amount of oxygen in the brain and cause the “blue baby” syndrome. Lead can accumulate in the body and damage the central nervous system. Arsenic causes liver damage, skin cancer and vascular diseases. Fluorides in excessive amounts can make your teeth yellow and cause damage to the spinal cord. Petrochemicals even with very low exposure, can cause cancer.

Pollution needs to stop as too many sea life are being impacted by human’s bad choices causing death and lose of habitats. Not only is it effect the sea life and their habitats but to humans in 3rd world countries as well causing infections and disease to them and their un/ new bourns. Imagine if you were in a position where you had to drink dirty water that could cause you getting a stomach ache at the least but could be the cause of your death. Would you want to have to live like that?

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