Abolish Forced Psychiatry on the basis: 

- Page 5 of the speech of Special Rapporteur on Torture Juan E Méndez in 22. meating of the "Human Rights Council" 4. March 2013: "States should impose an absolute ban on all forced and non-consensual medical interventions against persons with disabilities, including the non-consensual administration of psychosurgery, electroshock and mind-altering drugs, for both long- and short- term application. The obligation to end forced psychiatric interventions based on grounds of disability is of immediate application and scarce financial resources cannot justify postponement of its implementation." 

- Report A/HRC/22/53 of the Special Rapportuer on torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment of 1. February 2013, Section 82.: "The prohibition of torture is one of the few absolute and non-derogable human rights, a matter of jus cogens, a peremptory norm of customary international law." 

Binding Psychiatric Advance Directives (German Advanced directive) can be a first step (1).

Norway has the highest use of coecion in psychiatry in Europe (2). 5 UN committees (3), Human Rights Commissioner of the Council of Europe, Mental Disability Advocacy Center (MDAC), Ombud against discrimation (LDO), Direktorate of Health, Disability organisation support reduction and removal of coercion. Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights recomments 2013. " that the State party incorporate into the law the abolition of the use of restraint and the enforced administration of intrusive and irreversible treatments such as neuroleptic drugs and electroconvulsive therapy"

The UN Committee against Torture (CAT/C/NOR/QPR/8) asks Norway 2015 preparing Norways report for 2016: (a) “Whether the use of restraints and the enforced administration of intrusive and irreversible treatments such as neuroleptic drugs and electroconvulsive therapy has been abolished in law... (b) Ensuring that every competent patient, whether voluntary or involuntary, is fully informed about the treatment to be prescribed and given the opportunity to refuse treatment or any other medical intervention... ”

I General Comment 1 premiss 42 the CRPD-committee states about force in psychiatry:

“As has been stated by the Committee in several concluding observations, forced treatment by psychiatric and other health and medical professionals is a violation of the right to equal recognition before the law and an infringement of the rights to personal integrity (art. 17); freedom from torture (art. 15); and freedom from violence, exploitation and abuse (art. 16).”

Future improvements can be obtained by listening to WSO, CRPD Committee, 30 March 2015) to overcome these human right violations:

- Restitution (restoration of liberty) 

- Compensation (economically, moral damage) 

- Rehabilitation (official declaration, public apologies) 

- Satisfaction (e. g. truth commission) 

- Guarantees of non-repetition


1) Psychiatric Advance Directives:  http://psychrights.org/Countries/AdvanceDirective...

2) Norway has the highest use of forced treatment in Europe: http://wkeim.bplaced.net/files/Europatoppen_tvang.html/files/Europatoppen_tvang.html

3) Norway violates it's human rights obligation to reduce and remove coercion in psychiatry: http://wkeim.bplaced.net/files/UN_coercion.html

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