One of the most serious issue that the world is now havening to face is the

development of palm oil plantations in Borneo. The plantations have a huge impact on the environment and habitats of animals such as Orangutan’s living in Borneo. The clearing and destruction for palm oil plantations is driving the Orangutan’s to extinction.

Deforestation is the clearing of trees, transforming a forest into cleared land.

The orang-utan, which has become a charismatic icon for deforestation in Borneo and Sumatra. Over 90% of orang-utan habitat has been destroyed in the last 20 years, and as such, is considered “a conservation emergency” by the UN. An estimated 1000-5000 orang-utans are killed each year for this development. The orang-utan is a keystone species and plays a vital role in maintaining the health of the ecosystem. An example of this being the spread of rainforest seeds in Indonesia, many of which can only germinate once passed through the gut of an orangutan, hence this primate is essential for the existence of the forest.

We need to save the orang-utans from becoming extinct, there is one main killer that is forcing them to extinction and that is deforestation. We are destroying the orang-utans homes so that we can make more room to plant palm oils and make plantations. We need to stop the killing because orang-utans play a big part in helping the environment to grow. This is all happening in Borneo, but also in other countries.

Palm oils are used in thousands of products that you may not even know about, we all buy these products every day. The oils are in cooking products to cleaning products and even shampoos and ice creams. So really there is no one else to blame other than ourselves for this “natural” disaster. Statistics show that palm oils are found in over 50 percent of consumer goods and palm oil imports to the U.S. have jumped 485% in the last decade, pushing palm oil cultivation into the rainforests and making this crop one of the key causes of rainforest destruction around the globe. The people of Borneo are planting the palm oil plantations because it is a cheaper alternative to farming, which is why it is happening in a poor countries such as Borneo. 

If we don’t stop destroying forests for the palm oil plantations there will be no forests left. In the last 20 years over 3.5 million hectares of Indonesian and Malaysian forest have been destroyed to make way for palm oil plantations, and scientists have predicted that the rate of deforestation has doubled in the last 10 years. The tropical rain forests are a telling example, once cut down they rarely recover, quoted by James Lovelock the environmentalist.

With the rate of deforestation we are forcing orang-utans closer and closer to extinction. An estimate of 1,000 to 5,000 orangutans are killed each year for the development of palm oil plantations, studies have found that there is less than 54,000 orangutans left in Borneo. Orangutans have been living for hundreds of thousands of years in their forest, living fantastic lives, never overpopulating, never destroying the forest. I would say that they have been in a way more successful than us as far as being in harmony with the environment, quoted by Jane Goodall the primatologist.

The big question is, why the need for palm oils? Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil, high in saturated fats, derived from the fruit of the oil palm tree. It is grown commercially in several tropical countries but mainly in Indonesia and Malaysia, which account for 85% of global palm oil production. Palm Oil itself is not the issue, apart from the fact that it is full of saturated fat and extremely bad for your health. The problem with Palm Oil is the manner in which it is farmed and manufactured. Quoted by Edward Wilson the environmentalist.

We must get Australian companies to stop using palm oil plantations. Scientists have found that One animal of particular importance according to conservationists is the orang-utan. Which has become a charismatic icon for deforestation in Borneo and Sumatra. By supporting this campaign you can make a difference to the terrible problem of deforestation because of the demand for palm oils.

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