Deforestation

is one of the most alarming and cataclysmic issue that causes devastation at a global scale. Deforestation is an issue that effects more than just tree’s, Deforestation causes a mass amount of carbon emission which is a leading cause to global warming. Deforestation also causes a loss of habitat along with the extinction of exotic animals. With the acceleration of deforestation the carbon that is emitted and the amount of animals that are killed it is slowly killing of local land such as the Penan tribe located in Borneo. Within a few years deforestation will gradually destroy this planet. To successfully stop this horrendous issue people must show the government and companies that support palm oil productions that “only after the last tree has been cut down. Only after the last river has been poisoned. Only after the last fish has been caught. Only then will you find that money cannot be eaten.”

Every year an area of rainforest the size of New Jersey is burnt, cut and destroyed. The plants and animals that once lived in these forests have either died or have found a new forest to call their home. With each forest demolished we kill about 135 species of animals, plants and insects a day. Forests provide humans with vast benefits, such as timber, paper and also provides raw materials that help with building. Furthermore Forests aid in the mitigation of climate change by consuming carbon dioxide and converting it with oxygen.

It is important to know that from 1990 to 2010 around 3.5 hectares of direct forests had been demolished in Indonesia, Malaysia and Papua New Guinea. The reason for this mass clearing is for palm oil plantations, in some cases deforestation linked to palm oil has robbed local people of their land along with their livelihoods. Essential services have been stripped away, clean water and fertile soil have been ruined by the clearings. Human health is likewise affected by smoke from the burning forests, this is not just a problem for people living close to the fires but also for those living further afield, as the smoke haze spreads. Although the Indonesian government has shown itself to be well aware of fire risks and have taken precautions to prevent oncoming devastations.

There are no shortage of studies and news stories focused on the historically high rates of deforestation in Indonesia and Brazil. These two countries are the sixth and seventh highest greenhouse gas emitting countries in the world. Both countries have made ambitious commitments to reduce emissions and both had experienced promising declines although there has been a slight increase in 2013 which comes at a disappointment. The global impact that comes with deforestation is horrendous, deforestation releases large volumes of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. “Unless we change the present system that rewards forest destruction, the forest clearing will put another 200 billion tons of carbon into the atmosphere in coming decades”. Approximately 1.5 tons of carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere due to deforestation every year, this is mainly caused by the cutting and burning of the forests.

“Biological diversity is messy. It walks, it crawls, it swims, it swoops, and it buzzes. But extinction is silent, and it has no voice other than our own.” Deforestation has relentlessly murdered hundreds of species, through the destruction of habitats to create plantations as well as an illegal bounty put on the native species. Every animal has a specific role in the ecosystem even if it is cleaning the forest floor to keeping forest populations in check, deforestation has abolished the once thriving ecosystem for a measly profit. Large companies hire Indonesian men to exterminate local inhabitance and are compensated with financial gain for each creature murdered.

As areas of the Indonesian forest are burnt and destroyed, tribal groups are forced to leave their home and seek new land. In some cases tribal groups move into areas that are occupied by other groups, causing immense strain on the area’s resources. In other cases tribal groups are forced to relocate outside the forest, permanently altering their way of life by converting to agriculture or to find employment. Rarely are the rights to the land that the tribal groups own recognized. Furthermore their intimate knowledge of the area’s resources and how to manage them is nearly always ignored. “If we sell off our forests, our children will be landless. They will have their own children, and what will they do?” Local tribes in Sumatra and Kalimantan have been fighting back against land grabs that are causing social conflicts and human rights abuses.

The goal of this campaign is to prevent deforestation of natural forests in Indonesia. The actions that are needed to halt deforestation is for the Indonesian government to enforce the policies they created. Companies and consumers can also make a difference by not buying palm oil products to show that there is a better solution called synthetic palm oil. By supporting this campaign you can make a difference to a catastrophic issue called deforestation.

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