This bill would create regular "risk assessments" of federal inmates, to determine how likely they are to commit another crime if they are released. It would also offer new mechanisms for "low- and medium-risk" prisoners to reduce their sentences, and support programs that reduce recidivism (a relapse into criminal behavior).
The Dept. of Justice (DOJ) would conduct risk assessments of all eligible prisoners to label them at a low, medium, or high-risk of committing another crime upon release. Prisoners who are incarcerated because of sex offenses, terrorism, violent crimes, repeat offenses, major organized crime, and major fraud would be excluded from the program.
The criteria for risk assessments are not outlined in this bill, but if it passes, criteria would be set immediately after. Prisoners that are assessed to be low- and medium-risk would be able to participate in recidivism reduction programs like drug counseling or vocational training, while high-risk prisoners would need to reduce their risk level to participate.
Participating low-risk prisoners could earn a 10 day credit for every 30 days that they participate in those programs, while medium-risk prisoners could earn five day credits for 30 days of participation. These credits could be used to allow those prisoners to serve out the final days of their sentences under community supervision — like in a halfway home or home confinement. The credits could only be used by a medium-risk prisoner if it is highly unlikely that they will reoffend after release because of their participation in these programs.
Low- and medium-risk prisoners in this program would be authorized to spend as much as 10 percent of their sentence under community supervision or home confinement under this legislation.
This bill doesn’t authorize any new spending for this program, and directs the DOJ to partner with faith-based and non-profit organizations to implement the vocation training programs, and community supervision of prisoners post-release.