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senate Bill S. 1177

Reforming and Updating No Child Left Behind

Argument in favor

This bill gives states the power to create their own education standards and accountability systems for when schools fall short. States understand the nuances of their areas better than anyone else — they should decide how students are prepared for work or college.

DonaldTrump's Opinion
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11/19/2015
“Common Core has to be ended. It’s a disaster. It’s a way of taking care of the people in Washington that, frankly, I don’t even think they give a damn about education, half of them. And I’m sure some of you maybe do.” [breitbart.com]
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Marines1994's Opinion
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07/05/2015
GET RID OF COMMON CORE, IT IS INDOCTRINATION!
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Alis's Opinion
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07/09/2015
No child left behind has been a disaster. Throw it out & move on!
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Argument opposed

States have to play an important role in education, but the federal government needs to uphold standards that individual states can't be trusted to meet on their own. Federal standards create a baseline, and if states really want to improve their schools, they should be able to meet and even exceed them.

BernieSanders's Opinion
···
11/19/2015
"No child left behind has failed...this country, this Senate, the House of Representatives must come to grips with the fact that today in America we have a horrendous, a horrendous level of youth unemployment in this country. This is an issue which gets virtually no discussion at all" [c-span.org]
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BarackObama's Opinion
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11/20/2015
"After waiting far too long for Congress to reform No Child Left Behind, my Administration is giving states the opportunity to set higher, more honest standards in exchange for more flexibility." [ed.gov]
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Elinor's Opinion
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07/07/2015
The federal government needs to be completely removed from education. When the feds arrogantly and ignorantly demand specific results that can NOT be attained in all parts of the country equally and then withhold OUR tax money as a resulting punishment against the states whose residents refuse to jump when D.C. bureaucrats say to do so, then federal government has far too much power. This is the case in education, in healthcare, in welfare, and in literally every aspect of our lives. The federal government was never designed to oversee every thing we do, nor was it created to interfere with our privacy, freedom of association and non-association. The federal government needs about 90% of its taxpayer-funded bureaus and mini-dictators eliminated.
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What is Senate Bill S. 1177?

This bill would reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), and rewrite the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) education law passed with the last ESEA reauthorization. It would preserve what it deems, the "more successful" provisions of No Child Left Behind, while increasing state and local control of academic standards.

For context, NCLB came into effect in 2002, requiring states, school districts, and schools to ensure that all students were proficient in grade-level math and reading by 2014. Unfortunately, many states had trouble meeting their benchmarks on their way to attaining that goal, which led to 43 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the Bureau of Indian Education, and eight California school districts to applying for waivers from NCLB.

States would be required to create accountability plans to prepare every students for reaching college or career readiness by the time they graduate high school. These plans allow each state to pick the best way to prepare students for these goals from kindergarten to senior year of high school. The accountability plans would have to meet minimum federal standards to ensure that all students and subgroups of students are included in the plan — but the federal government would be prohibited from choosing or approving state standards.

Standardized tests would still be used to measure success — including two reading and math tests annually for 3rd through 8th grades, and one in high school. Students would have to take a total of three science tests between 3rd and 12th grades. However, the federal government could no longer impose penalties on schools that perform poorly on those tests — instead allowing states to determine how to deal with test scores in their accountability systems.

In addition to test scores, accountability systems would be created using graduation rates, measures of college/workforce readiness, and English proficiency for English learners — among other state-chosen performance measures. States would get to set the weight of each measure in their system.

School districts would also require evidence-based interventions with state assistance for schools that are underperforming. The federal government would be barred from mandating, prescribing, or defining the specific steps school districts and states must take to improve schools.

States would be free to establish their own academic standards, and the federal government would be prohibited from mandating or incentivizing states to adopt or use any specific set of standards — including Common Core.

States would also be allowed — but not required — to develop and implement their own teacher evaluation systems. Schools would be able to use funds for induction programs for new teachers, ongoing professional development opportunities and new teacher recruitment.

Impact

Students in elementary and secondary school and their families, state and local educational agencies, American universities, colleges, and other post-secondary education institutions, the U.S. job market, and the Department of Education.

Cost of Senate Bill S. 1177

$92.10 Billion
The CBO estimates that implementing this bill would mean authorizing $23.9 billion in 2016 and $124.2 billion over the 2016-2020 period. Assuming that the funding is approved and allocated, the CBO estimates that discretionary costs for these changes would come up to $92.1 billion over the 2016-2020 period.

More Information

Of Note: As of 2011, there were 132,183 K-12 schools in the U.S., nearly 99,000 of which are public schools.


In-Depth: This bill was passed unanimously on a 22-0 vote by the Senate’s Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions Committee (a.k.a. the HELP Committee). The Committee’s Chairman, Sen. Lamar Alexander (R-TN), described the trajectory of the legislation’s reforms as trying to: 

“Continue the law’s important measurements of academic progress of students but restore to states, school districts, classroom teachers and parents the responsibility for deciding what to do about improving student achievement.”

The ranking member of the HELP Committee — Sen. Patty Murray (D-WA) — praised the committee’s initial version of the bill, saying: 

“I believe that working through this process in a bipartisan way from the start is the best chance we’ve got at fixing this broken law. It helps make sure that all students get the opportunity to learn, no matter where they live, how they learn, or how much money their parents make.”

The Senate HELP Committee also published praise from a number of organizations for this legislation, including the National Education Association, the Business Roundtable, the National Governors Association, Teach for America, and the Partnership for 21st Century Learning.


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell
(Photo Credit: Flickr user Woodley Wonder Works)

AKA

Every Child Achieves Act of 2015

Official Title

An original bill to reauthorize the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to ensure that every child achieves.

bill Progress


  • EnactedMarch 17th, 2016
    The President signed this bill into law
  • The house Passed December 3rd, 2015
    Roll Call Vote 359 Yea / 64 Nay
  • The senate Passed December 9th, 2015
    Roll Call Vote 85 Yea / 12 Nay
      senate Committees
      Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions
    IntroducedApril 30th, 2015

Log in or create an account to see how your Reps voted!
    “Common Core has to be ended. It’s a disaster. It’s a way of taking care of the people in Washington that, frankly, I don’t even think they give a damn about education, half of them. And I’m sure some of you maybe do.” [breitbart.com]
    Like (142)
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    "No child left behind has failed...this country, this Senate, the House of Representatives must come to grips with the fact that today in America we have a horrendous, a horrendous level of youth unemployment in this country. This is an issue which gets virtually no discussion at all" [c-span.org]
    Like (179)
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    "After waiting far too long for Congress to reform No Child Left Behind, my Administration is giving states the opportunity to set higher, more honest standards in exchange for more flexibility." [ed.gov]
    Like (69)
    Follow
    Share
    GET RID OF COMMON CORE, IT IS INDOCTRINATION!
    Like (23)
    Follow
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    No child left behind has been a disaster. Throw it out & move on!
    Like (19)
    Follow
    Share
    The federal government needs to be completely removed from education. When the feds arrogantly and ignorantly demand specific results that can NOT be attained in all parts of the country equally and then withhold OUR tax money as a resulting punishment against the states whose residents refuse to jump when D.C. bureaucrats say to do so, then federal government has far too much power. This is the case in education, in healthcare, in welfare, and in literally every aspect of our lives. The federal government was never designed to oversee every thing we do, nor was it created to interfere with our privacy, freedom of association and non-association. The federal government needs about 90% of its taxpayer-funded bureaus and mini-dictators eliminated.
    Like (18)
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    States and communities know better than anyone else what they are lacking and what they need, not some puffed-up bureaucrat in D.C who probably can't be bothered to visit these states, much less the schools and children these guidelines will affect.
    Like (15)
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    "Good public schools, good public universities, and good technical training can give us a workforce better than any in the world. Well-trained workers are cost effective, and they can give us a powerful competitive advantage in world markets. Investments in our people pay the highest dividends." [ontheissues.org]
    Like (10)
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    No child left behind created so many problems. Schools constantly fear having funding cuts for underperformance, and will sometimes go to any length to ensure that doesn't happen. With the implementation of the Common Core standards, teachers are not trusted to know what's best for their students. Yes we should have education standards for public schools, but Bush created a lot of stress for teachers and students alike. It's time to fix it.
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    How about leaving it to the states to decide... the 10th amendment.
    Like (8)
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    I am a high school student and I know better than anyone making the policies for this system that it is failing. I am in all honors and AP classes as well as several grades ahead in several courses. That was possible before common core. Now, they want everyone dumbed down. Even the teachers complain about the system we have almost everyday. It's making my extremely smart, talented friends not care about school anymore. It's making me not care about school anymore. It's boring, drawn-out material and the way it is taught to us does not help us learn. The only way we can learn requires a teacher who does not follow the rules and show us standards everyday, but one who rises against that and truly teaches us something. AP classes are the only way for me and many others to get away from the classes I dislike because they are not government regulated with standards that do not help anyone. The standards we have currently are making it so no one can get ahead. When I was in elementary school, i was allowed to take 2 years above my level for math. Now, that it considered ridiculous for someone to do. Even if they are smart enough or educated enough, they must stick to the "common" education that is similar to their peers. When learning, No one can be creative. In English, for example, when determining the theme of a story or what a character intends, we are forced to agree with what the "correct" answer on the test is, when in reality, there could be several correct answers. When I graduate, I am not sure what I would like to pursue. But if it is possible to become someone who can reform the education system without becoming a part of the corrupt mess we call politics, then I would be extremely driven to do so and change the future for my children and their children.
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    States have shown time and time again that they are content to miseducate, misinform, and run slack on their own standards. Having some sort of baseline is important. No Child Left Behind is a bad system, but removing all systems is not usedul
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    NCLB should NOT be renewed! It makes it tougher for teachers to do their job, inspiring young people to learn. It also creates a frustrating burden on students.
    Like (6)
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    Keep the Feds role to minimum, the more the Feds get involved, the less efficient things aware.
    Like (6)
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    “Now Joni Ernst on the other side, she wants to...eliminate the Department of Education. How much less schooling do you think would be good for our kids, Joni? Can you imagine someone with those sorts of extreme views holding the seat that Tom Harkin so ably filled?” [edexcellence.net]
    Like (4)
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    Leave it up to the states, that is where the students, parents and teachers are. Make the Federal Government smaller. They can recommend items, and the states can implement and carry out the education.
    Like (4)
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    "I'm for higher standards – state-created, locally implemented – where the federal government has no role in the creation of standards, content or curriculum." [usnews.com]
    Like (3)
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    No Child Left Behind is a disaster. It should be completely repealed, and the Department of Education should be abolished. Take education back to the states!
    Like (3)
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    As a public school teacher, I can tell you our government has severely hindered our children's education. The No Child Left Behind Act is nothing but a marketing ploy and business deal. Students are able to move on without the skills they need to be successful. They are required to take significantly more standardized tests than anyone who is making decisions about education. Maybe they should put people with backgrounds in education in charge of an overhaul or reform! Then again, that makes too much sense so our government won't do it.
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    Yes because my child is constantly being left behind and as a result of being left behind... She has been kept back and now a little off when it comes to her graduating on time.
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