This bill would “authorize” the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), clarifying security functions of CBP’s office of border patrol, office of field operations, and marine, air, and intelligence offices. The CPB is now the largest law enforcement agency in the United States. Its duties include regulating U.S. international trade and enforcing customs and immigration regulations.
In 2003, Congress passed the Homeland Security Act—legislation that organized 22 different agencies under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The U.S. Customs Service became part of the Department of Homeland Security and was subsequently split into two, new agencies: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).
The Homeland Security Act, which was pushed through Congress in the wake of 9/11, makes mention of border patrol, broadly, but does not make mention of specifically the CBP. In addition to clarifying the CBP's objectives and procedures, the bill would also eliminate language from the Homeland Security Act that applies to federal agencies that no longer exist.