This bill would “authorize” the U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (ICE), clarifying the mission and objectives of the agency. In 2003, Congress passed the Homeland Security Act—legislation that organized 22 different agencies under the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. The U.S. Customs Service became part of the Department of Homeland Security and was subsequently split into two, new agencies: U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) and the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).
The Homeland Security Act, which was pushed through Congress in the wake of 9/11, makes no mention of ICE whatsoever. In addition to clarifying ICE's objectives and procedures, the bill would also eliminate language from the Homeland Security Act that applies to federal agencies that no longer exist.
A separate but related bill seeks similar authorization for U.S. Customs and Border Protection.