Under current law, students in public schools are federally protected from discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, disability, and national origin, but not sexual orientation or gender identity.
If passed, all public schools would be required to adhere to federal guidelines for preventing discrimination based on gender identity, sexual orientation, and perceived sexual orientation. The bill would allow a student to file charges for such discrimination and prohibits schools from retaliation against students who do so.
Discrimination in this context includes "harassment, bullying, intimidation, and violence." If public schools fail to comply, they can be reprimanded under this legislation with a loss of federal funding.