This minibus appropriations package would provide $1.367 trillion in discretionary funding for fiscal year 2021 to agencies funded under seven of the 12 appropriations categories, including Commerce-Justice-Science; Defense; Energy & Water Development; Financial Service & General Government; Homeland Security; Labor-HHS-Education; and Transportation-Housing and Urban Development. A breakdown of its various provisions can be found below.
COMMERCE, JUSTICE, SCIENCE
This section would provide $71.473 billion in discretionary funding for FY2021, a decrease of $1.7 billion from the prior year due to the timing of the 2020 Census.
Commerce Dept.: A total of $9.54 billion in funding for FY2021 would be provided, a decrease of $5.68 billion from the prior year due to the timing of the 2020 Census.
Census Bureau: $1.68 billion would be provided, a decrease in line with the operational rampdown scheduled for the 2020 Census.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA): $5.45 billion would be provided, an increase of $101.9 million from FY2020.
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST): $1.04 billion would be provided, an increase of $7 million from FY2020.
Dept. of Justice: A total of $33.2 billion in funding for FY2021 would be provided, an increase of $972.5 million from the prior year. Specifically, it would provide:
$525 million for Violence Against Women Act programs;
$400 million for the Byrne-JAG program, which is the primary grant program for state & local law enforcement agencies;
$412 million for Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act programs to combat the opioid and heroin epidemic;
$251.5 million for the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program; and
$191 million for initiatives to address the sexual assault kit & other DNA evidence backlogs.
Other law enforcement agencies that would receive funding under this section include:
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): $9.7 billion for salaries and expenses, an increase of $235.4 million from the prior year.
Bureau of Prisons (BOP): $7.7 billion for salaries and expenses, an increase of $300 million from the prior year.
Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF): $1.55 billion for ATF, an increase of $150 million from the prior year, including funding for expansion of the National Integrated Ballistic Information Network (NIBIN).
The Science section of this bill would provide funding for the following agencies:
National Aeronautics and Space Agency (NASA): $22.63 billion, equal to the prior year, to continue investments in human space exploration efforts as well as other investments.
National Science Foundation (NSF): $8.55 billion, an increase of $270 million from the prior year.
This section of the bill would provide $694.6 billion in FY2021 for the Dept. of Defense (DOD). Of the total, the base budget would be $626.2 billion, an increase of $3.5 billion from the prior year, while $68.4 billion would be provided for Overseas Contingency Operations (OCO) / Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). A detailed breakdown of where that funding would go can be found below.
Military Personnel & Pay: This section would provide $162.3 billion to fund an active duty end strength of 1,351,500 personnel, an increase of 12,000 above the current year, along with a 3% pay raise. It would fund the following personnel levels:
Army: 485,900 active duty; 189,800 reserve; and 336,500 Guard.
Navy: 347,800 active duty; and 58,800 reserve.
Marine Corps: 184,100 active duty; and 38,500 reserve.
Air Force: 333,700 active duty; 70,300 reserve; and 108,100 Guard.
Operations & Maintenance: This section would provide a total of $254.5 billion in funding for operation & maintenance, including:
$24.7 billion to the Army, Navy, Marine Corps, and Air Force for depot maintenance;
$9.5 billion for SOCOM’s operation & maintenance requirements; and
$2.49 billion to continue the transition of space activities to the Space Force.
Procurement: This section would provide $140.1 billion for procurement, a decrease of $0.2 billion from the prior year. It would provide funding for major aviation, shipbuilding, and force protection programs in the following amounts:
$9.3 billion for 91 F-35 Lightning II aircraft.
$2.7 billion for 15 KC-46 tankers.
$1.7 billion for 24 F/A-18E/F Super Hornet aircraft.
$22.3 billion for procuring nine Navy ships, including two DDG-51 guided missile destroyers, the initial Columbia class submarine, two SSN-774 attack submarines, one Frigate, one LPD-17 Flight II, and two towing, salvage, and rescue ships.
$1.16 billion to upgrade 259 Stryker combat vehicles.
$1.02 billion to upgrade 89 Abrams tanks.
Missile Defense / Space:
$933 million to procure three National Security Space Launch services.
$623 million to procure two GPS IIIF spacecraft.
$300 million to support Israeli Cooperative procurement programs (Iron Dome, David’s Sling, and Arrow).
$3.51 billion for the Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA).
$2.8 billion to fund the development of the Air Force’s B-21 bomber program.
$811 million to fund the Army’s Long Range Hypersonic Weapon.
$801 million to fund the development of the VC-25B Presidential Aircraft Replacement.
$758 million to mitigate the impacts of COVID on suppliers in the Defense Industrial Base.
ENERGY & WATER DEVELOPMENT
This section would provide $49.6 billion in energy & water development programs, an increase of $1.26 billion (or 3%) from the prior year.
Nuclear Security: $18 billion would be provided for nuclear security programs, an increase of $1.3 billion from the prior year. Nuclear weapons activities would total $13.7 billion, representing an increase of $1.2 billion from the prior year.
Environmental Cleanup: $7.46 billion would be provided for nuclear cleanup work at 16 sites across the country.
Additionally, this section would provide:
$7.63 billion for the Army Corps of Engineers, plus $17 billion in emergency funding to accelerate projects;
$7.05 billion for the DOE Office of Science, funding basic science research in physics, biology, chemistry, and other science disciplines;
$1.65 billion for the Bureau of Reclamation
Emergency Appropriations: This bill would also provide an extra $23.5 billion in emergency funding for DOE energy infrastructure modernization for a clean energy future. Of the total, $7.78 billion would go to energy efficiency & renewable energy programs, $6.25 billion for construction projects at national laboratories and $3.35 billion for electric grid resilience & reliability.
FINANCIAL SERVICES & GENERAL GOVERNMENT
This section would provide $24.64 billion in annual discretionary funding, an increase of $808 million from the prior year. It would also provide $61 billion in emergency funding for broadband infrastructure & $6 billion for federal building modernization.
Treasury Dept.: A total of $13.66 billion in annual discretionary funding would be provided, an increase of $601.4 million above the prior year. Of the total, $12.1 billion would go to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).
Judiciary: A total of $7.8 billion in discretionary funding would be provided, an increase of $287 million from the prior year. This section of the bill would extend certain temporary federal judgeships.
Small Business Administration (SBA): $939.4 million would be provided for SBA, including increased funding for entrepreneurial development programs.
General Services Administration (GSA): This section would allow the GSA to spend $9.1 billion from the Federal Buildings Fund, of which $6 billion would be used for land port of entry modernization, construction, repairs & alterations to federal buildings, and administrative support for portfolio management.
Securities & Exchange Commission (SEC): $1.92 billion would be provided, an increase of $105 million from the prior year, for salaries & expenses and moving costs associated with the SEC’s headquarters & San Francisco regional offices.
District of Columbia: A total of $762.1 million would be provided, an increase of $47.8 million from the prior year. This section would also eliminate bans on the use of local funds for abortion services, legal marijuana, or needle exchange programs.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC): $341 million, an increase of $10 million from the prior year, would be provided for antitrust & consumer protection work.
Federal Communications Commission (FCC): $376.1 million, an increase of $37.1 million, in annual appropriations would be provided. It would also receive $61 billion in emergency funding for the FCC to expand broadband in unserved areas.
Miscellaneous: This section would:
Allow DACA recipients to work in federal jobs.
Block the FTC & FCC from implementing an executive order on social media platforms prior to Congress completing its work in that area.
Prohibit the use of funds from the Treasury Forfeiture Fund for the construction of the border wall.
This section would provide $50.72 billion in discretionary FY2021 funding, including $48.1 billion in non-defense discretionary funding, $2.6 billion in defense funding, and $5.1 billion for disaster relief.
Customs & Border Protection (CBP): $14.6 billion in discretionary FY2021 funding, a decrease of $75.1 million from the prior year. Of the total, $172 million would go to hiring for 1,150 new positions (including 850 CBP officers). Additionally, this section would prohibit the use of funds for additional Border Patrol Agents or the construction of border barriers.
Immigration & Customs Enforcement (ICE): $7.41 billion in funding for ICE, a decrease of $673.8 million from the prior year, of which $3.31 billion would be for enforcement & removal operations (a decrease of $1.12 billion from FY2020). It would fund an average daily detention population of 22,000 single adults in detention (with 12,000 unavailable during the pandemic) along with the phaseout of family detention by the end of 2020.
Transportation Security Administration (TSA): $8.1 billion would be provided for TSA, an increase of $297.9 million from the prior year.
Coast Guard: $12.8 billion would be provided for the Coast Guard, an increase of $850.7 million from the prior year.
U.S. Secret Service: $2.4 billion would be provided, an increase of $17 million from the prior year.
Cybersecurity & Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA): $2.25 billion for CISA, an increase of $239.1 million from the prior year.
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): $10.8 billion would be provided, a decrease of $11.7 billion from the prior year. The Disaster Relief Fund would receive $5.65 billion, a decrease of $12.2 billion from the prior year.
LABOR, HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES, AND EDUCATION
HEALTH & HUMAN SERVICES (HHS): This section would provide $96.4 billion in FY2021 discretionary funding for HHS, an increase of $5.5 billion from the prior year.
National Institutes of Health (NIH): The NIH would receive $47 billion, an increase of $5.5 billion, including:
$5 billion in emergency appropriations to improve capacity at research institutions;
$3.1 billion for HIV/AIDS research;
$2.9 billion for Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias research;
$240 million for Universal Flu Vaccine Research;
$25 million for firearm injury and mortality prevention research.
Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC): $8 billion in annual discretionary funding would be provided, an increase of $232 million from the prior year. An additional $9 billion in emergency discretionary appropriations would be provided to address readiness for public health emergencies. Specifically, it would provide:
$5 billion to deposit in a permanent Public Health Emergency Fund that would facilitate a quick response by HHS to public health threats;
$4 billion for enhanced public health prevention efforts, including a flu vaccination campaign;
$2 billion for Public Health Emergency Preparedness cooperative agreements to increase state & local public health emergency response capabilities;
$1 billion for state & local public health laboratories;
$1 billion for global public health preparedness and response capacity;
$240 million to address tobacco & e-cigarettes; and
$50 million to modernize public health data surveillance & analytics at CDC, state & local health departments, and the National Center for Health Statistics.
DEPT OF EDUCATION (ED): This section would provide a total of $73.5 billion in discretionary funding for ED, an increase of $716 million above the prior year, including:
Title I Grants to Local Educational Agencies: $16.6 billion, an increase of $254 million.
Title IV Student Support and Academic Enrichment Grants: $1.2 billion would be provided.
IDEA Grants to States: $14.1 billion would be provided for special education grants to states, an increase of $208 million from the prior year
Pell Grants would be funded at a maximum of $6,495 -- an increase of $150 from the prior year to keep pace with inflation.
DEPT. OF LABOR: This section would provide a total $12.7 billion in discretionary appropriations for FY2021, an increase of $254 million from the prior year. It would include:
$10.2 billion the Employment Training Administration’s job training programs, which includes $2.9 billion for Workforce Innovation & Opportunity Act state grants.
$1.76 billion for Jobs Corps;
$1.7 billion for Worker Protection Agencies.
TRANSPORTATION, HOUSING & URBAN DEVELOPMENT
This section of the bill would provide a total of $75.9 billion in discretionary FY2021 funding for the Departments of Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, an increase of $1.7 billion from the prior year. It would also authorize $78.7 billion in budgetary resources for surface transportation programs, and an additional $75 billion in emergency appropriations.
Dept. of Transportation (DOT): This section would provide $107.2 billion in funding & user fees to fund transportation safety agencies and related infrastructure investments
$1 billion for TIGER / BUILD grants;
$62.9 billion for the Federal Highway Administration;
$18.1 billion for the Federal Aviation Administration;
$3 billion for the Federal Railroad Administration;
$18.9 billion for the Federal Transit Administration; and
$1.3 billion for the National Highway Safety Administration.
Housing & Urban Development (HUD): This section would provide $50.6 billion in discretionary funding for HUD, an increase of $1.5 billion from the prior year. Increases would be targeted toward continuing assistance for elderly & disabled beneficiaries of rental assistance programs. HUD’s rental assistance programs would receive the following amounts:
$25.7 billion for Tenant-Based Rental Assistance through Section 8;
$13.4 billion for Project-based Section 8; and
$9.1 billion for HUD’s Office of Community Planning and Development.
The Justice Dept. would be prohibited from interfering with state & tribal cannabis programs, including those administered by the District of Columbia, the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, the Virgin Islands, and Puerto Rico.
The Justice Dept. would also be prohibited from using federal funds for litigation that undermines the Affordable Care Act (ACA or Obamacare).