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house Bill H.R. 5103

Sanctions for China’s Cyber-Spying

Argument in favor

Economic espionage costs U.S. businesses money and jeopardizes jobs. The government should do everything it can to prevent China from stealing corporate and defense secrets.

John's Opinion
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08/30/2015
The Chinese government should be sent a message of some kind which demonstrates that we consider cyber attacks on the same level as if they had attacked is physically.
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Andrew's Opinion
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07/01/2016
This is a greater potential threat to national security than many realize. Especially in the long term.
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William's Opinion
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06/14/2015
Yes but we need to protect ourselves from any country from doing that. I feel China should be punished for that. We need the best tactical defense computers for all major entities. I saw recently isis hacked into and found one hundred soldiers. We need everything more than up to date it needs to be futuristic.
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Argument opposed

The government should be focusing on improving our country's cyber security, not singling out China. Sanctions would make a tense relationship even more hostile.

Jason's Opinion
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05/15/2015
We should strengthen cyber security. Many countries are doing this to the U.S. Going after China will only create issues and not fix the problem. I say cyber attack them 😉
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Alex's Opinion
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07/29/2015
As much as the China cyber hacking infuriates me, putting sanctions on China will do nothing but make relations worse, and hurt both countries as there may be a retaliatory cyber attack. We need to strengthen our defenses in this situation, not go after China offensively. Nothing good will come of that.
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Joseph's Opinion
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10/13/2016
Why would we pretend like we are not spying on them? If we give them too many shit sanctions, we won't be able to buy anything. Our wages haven't effectively been raise since 1970. Inflation is already killing us. We don't need more money going to the bloated government. We will pay for the sanctions, not China.
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What is House Bill H.R. 5103?

This bill would direct the President to ban all transactions of property by covered Chinese state-owned enterprises within the U.S.

Executives, senior officials, and board members from Chinese state-owned enterprises would be barred from entering the U.S. Under this bill, the Secretary of the Treasury would have to verify that American financial institutions have frozen the assets of covered enterprises and individuals.

This bill was introduced in response to the five Chinese citizens who were indicted earlier this year for cyber-spying on private American companies. While it's doubtful that the accused hackers will ever appear in court to face their charges, their case demonstrates an increased emphasis on deterring economic espionage.

Impact

Chinese state-owned enterprises, American private companies, both of their employees, the Department of the Treasury, agencies that oversee travel visas, and related Congressional committees.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 5103

A CBO estimate of this bill is currently unavailable. However, the Center for Strategic and International Studies estimates that cyber espionage costs the U.S. economy somewhere between $24 and $120 billion every year.

More Information

In Depth:

Economic espionage can take many forms. Cyber-spying mainly entails accessing or stealing technology, financial data, proprietary programs, emails, or intellectual property and trade secrets. China conducts most of it's espionage through hackers (sometimes officials in their military or individual contractors). Occasionally, Chinese officials also bribe American employees to give away their company’s secrets and documents.

Google, Boeing, US Steel, Westinghouse, and DuPont are just some of the U.S. companies with valuable business information that has been stolen and passed on to Chinese businesses. The Chinese military’s espionage efforts have also compromised over 40 Pentagon programs and nearly 30 defense-related technologies over the years. The list of compromised programs includes cutting-edge weapons systems like the Aegis anti-ballistic missile destroyers and the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter. Of the seven economic espionage cases tried by the Department of Justice (DoJ) in the 2010 fiscal year, six were linked to China.

Sponsoring Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) says that this bill aims to express extreme displeasure with the Chinese Communist Party and the Government of the People's Republic of China for "sponsoring, planning, ordering, conducting, and benefiting" from cyber and economic espionage against the U.S.

Media:

Sponsoring Rep. Dana Rohrabacher (R-CA) Press Release


CNN Money

New York Times

The Center for Strategic and International Studies

NBC News

(Photo Credit: The Guardian)

AKA

Chinese Communist Economic Espionage Sanctions Act

Official Title

To impose sanctions on Chinese state-owned enterprises and any person who is a member of the board of directors, an executive officer, or a senior official of a Chinese state-owned enterprise for benefitting from cyber and economic espionage against the United States.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Financial Services
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Immigration and Citizenship
    IntroducedJuly 14th, 2014
    We should strengthen cyber security. Many countries are doing this to the U.S. Going after China will only create issues and not fix the problem. I say cyber attack them 😉
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    The Chinese government should be sent a message of some kind which demonstrates that we consider cyber attacks on the same level as if they had attacked is physically.
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    Call mark z.
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    Stop China now!
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    Yes but we need to protect ourselves from any country from doing that. I feel China should be punished for that. We need the best tactical defense computers for all major entities. I saw recently isis hacked into and found one hundred soldiers. We need everything more than up to date it needs to be futuristic.
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    All countries
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    The majority of technology China now has is in direct relation to demand(s) for technology from technology companies outside China who wish to manufacture their products in China.
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    U.S. Is the biggest spy in this world. How could you condemn another country when U.S. Itself isn't clean?
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    As much as the China cyber hacking infuriates me, putting sanctions on China will do nothing but make relations worse, and hurt both countries as there may be a retaliatory cyber attack. We need to strengthen our defenses in this situation, not go after China offensively. Nothing good will come of that.
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    If we do not protect the intellectual property rights of citizens, inevitably they will move to a place that does.
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    YES, what people seem not to understand at all is the fact that China is a imperial dictatorship. Political countries like China want to expand. We are at war already with China and every person in AMERICA has no idea that they are. China manipulates the value of our own money. China has manipulated the world industrial competition by playing with a totally unfair advantage. China steals our ideas in industry and in the military. China can sabotage our internet intellectual security banking security, business security military security and ultimately our nation. CHIP CHIP CHIPPING AWAY piece by piece and we think we are not at war. AMERICA is indebted to China and they can pull the rug out from under our feet at any time. When do we want to make China nervous for what they are doing to us, after we have no ability to make them nervous? After we have built up their confidence and their military? AMERICA HOLDS 1/23RD OF THE WORLDS POPULATION. WE HAVE DISMANTLED OUR INDUSTRY AND OUR STRENGTH AND TURNED 3RD WORLD COUNTRIES INTO PROSPEROUS INDUSTRIALIZED NATIONS. AMERICA IS NOT A POPULAR COUNTRY BECAUSE EVERYONE IS ENVIOUS OF OUR PAST PROSPERITY. people in former third world countries have spent their histories existence begging borrowing or stealing what they have just to survive. Those type of people see Kindness as Weakness and simply as stupidity. AMERICAS #1 interest in this world should be AMERICA herself, First and Foremost.
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    Absolutely, these cyber spies are stealing technology and in essence our innovation. Why we still deal with China as an ally is beyond me. They're building their military and its a matter of time before they can and will challenge the U.S.
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    Will THIS be swept under "The Desk" Too!!?? We Care.... And DONT LIKE! This is not okay!! You have pledged responsibility and loyalty to be our voices, stand up for us, protect us and our rights. DO YOUR JOB! KEEP YOUR PROMISE!
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    I really don't think i need to explain why, Is in the bill title.
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    Stop all trade with China.
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    If they want to steal information then we need to treat them like criminals.
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    We need to be strong against our enemy and they are.
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    Hit them where it hurts
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    Why would we pretend like we are not spying on them? If we give them too many shit sanctions, we won't be able to buy anything. Our wages haven't effectively been raise since 1970. Inflation is already killing us. We don't need more money going to the bloated government. We will pay for the sanctions, not China.
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    Cyber attacks are potentially just as damaging to American investments as a real attack would be. Allowing this espionage and subsequent attacks to occur is against America's best interests
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