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house Bill H.R. 5094

Should the U.S. Pressure Russia to Withdraw from Ukraine?

Argument in favor

This bill demonstrates America’s resolve to ensure that Ukraine remains a sovereign country by pressuring the Russian government to give up control of Crimea.

William's Opinion
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08/12/2016
Let's make it clear that we do not approve of Russia's unilateral annexation of Crimea. NATO members should not be selling arms to Russia as long as they continue to show aggression against Europe, nor should we allow Russian assets and trade with the US to benefit their war against Ukraine. By pressuring Russia to either withdraw from Crimea or reach a resolution with Ukraine, we can create a regional stability necessary for private investment in Ukraine's development and diplomacy with the West.
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Loraki's Opinion
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08/12/2016
Yes, we should, but not now. I have to agree with Countable member, Stephen, who said: "Yeah, let's tell Putin to get out of the Ukraine. He's already laughing at Obama. As far as Putin is concerned, Obama is a joke and Clinton is just a stooge for him." and Countable member, JSB, who said: "We are not stable enough or powerful enough to kick this hornets nest right now. Best to keep our concerns local." The whole world is unstable right now, and we are not prepared for WWIII. Remember David and Goliath? David wasn't afraid to go up against Goliath, because He knew that God was on the side of the Israelites. I doubt that God is going to be on the side of any nation that turns its back on Him. The state of our government, the lawlessness of groups such as BLM, the strength of the Socialists, Communists, Satanists, and other atheistic groups in America, and the Islamization of large parts of America all add up to a nation that has turned its back on God, so why should we expect Him to help us fight our battles?! Moreover, people like Vladimir Putin only respect strength. Obama has sapped the strength of our military with his purges and his social engineering. He is the WORST "CIC" this country has EVER HAD! Countable member, Harry, said: "We can draw a red line in the dirt." I assume he was being sarcastic and alluding to Obama's meaningless "line" that he drew in Syria. And that pretty much sums up the effectiveness of Obama's foreign policy. Unfortunately, it is all by design. If there were any justice left in America, Obama and Hillary would be in prison for the rest of their lives, IMO.
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SouthernGal's Opinion
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08/12/2016
It would be nice to think this would actually do something, but I'm not hopeful unless there is something built into this bill to enforce the arms embargo against Russia.
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Argument opposed

This bill authorizes increased sanctions on Russian officials, but considering that current sanctions haven’t caused any change, these won’t either.

pgshpak's Opinion
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08/12/2016
Let Ukraine, Russia, the EU, and the UN handle this. This is not even close to being a direct threat to our sovereignty as a nation.
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BTSundra's Opinion
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08/12/2016
The people of Crimea voted to do this and we should honor their decision.
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08/12/2016
Only a secure Ukraine will put its name to grand bargains crafted by Russia and the West and only a secure Ukraine can be a militarily strong Ukraine. No Western deal with Russia can possibly work if it fails to take Ukraine and its justified security concerns into account. Ukraine needs to gain the capacity to stop a full-scale Russian invasion. Although a massive land war would produce savage Ukrainian partisan resistance and lead to enormous losses for Russia, it would be far better to deter Russia than to embroil it in a costly quagmire. And for Ukraine to deter Russia, it needs to have the clear ability to stop Russian air power and tanks. Arming Ukraine and building up its military to the point that it can defend itself, but not threaten Russia, is the only way to secure a durable peace there.
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What is House Bill H.R. 5094?

This bill does a lot of things to reaffirm the U.S.’s position that Russia should end its occupation of parts of Ukraine, notably, Crimea. First, it requires that federal agencies don’t recognize Crimea as a part of Russia. The Government Publishing Office (GPO) would be required to not print any documents that acknowledge Crimea as part of Russia.

The bill extends the current sanctions against Russian officials that are contributing to the Ukraine crisis until either Russia gives Ukraine back its territory, or the two countries reach an agreement to permanently settle the dispute.

It also extends an Executive Order which allows the U.S. to seize any property, financial or otherwise, belonging to Russians who are contributing to the Ukraine crisis or people helping those contributors, assuming that property is brought into the U.S. For example, if someone takes money from a Russian military official in Crimea and puts it in a U.S. bank, the bill would require that the account be frozen.

The President is also directed to use America’s international influence to pressure countries in the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) into ending any agreements they have to sell Russia weapons or military equipment. The relevant federal agencies would then monitor which NATO member countries, if any, still have arms deals with Russia.

The bill also contains a few miscellaneous provisions, including:

  • Requiring that international U.S. radio broadcasts to Crimea be in the region’s native language;

  • Requiring the Dept. of State to try to increase private investment in Ukraine; and

  • Adding Russians who have committed human rights violations in Ukraine to an existing list of people who are blocked from accessing U.S. financial markets.

Impact

Russians who violated human rights in Crimea; Russian officials and elites who started the invasion; the Dept of State; the GPO; federal agencies; and NATO.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 5094

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In Depth: Sponsoring Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY) explained in a press release that the bill would bolster existing policies that pressure Russia to end its occupation of Crimea:

“Russia’s aggression in Ukraine has undermined that country’s sovereignty, and at the same time threatened our own long-term investment in a Europe that is whole, free, and at peace. Russia’s occupation of Crimea is illegal. We need to be crystal clear about that in our policy, just as we were during the Soviets’ decades-long occupation of the Baltic states.  We need to build on our sanctions regime against troublemakers in the Kremlin, while working to preserve transatlantic unity.  And we need to find ways of shoring up Ukraine and deterring Putin that go beyond just throwing more money at the problem.”

However, as an article from The Saker points out, the bill authorizes a vaguely defined expansion in existing sanctions and could block all arms deals with Russia:

“The devil is always in the details, and what essentially is introduced by this bill is provisions for unrestricted sanctions on Russia, and the long list of punishment on those persons and entities who try to evade, knowingly or unknowingly, these unilateral US sanctions. If enacted, this bill also will deal a serious blow to international arms trade. It calls for amendment of International Trafficking in Arms Regulations. It looks like its calling to block any and all arms deals with Russia for all NATO members, and also for all non-NATO countries.”

Of Note: Despite current measures by the U.S. and Europe to pressure Russia into leaving Ukraine, Russian aggression in the region continues. As recently as August 2016, Russia attacked 47 Ukrainian military positions within 24 hours. Russia originally invaded Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula in March of 2014. In September of 2014, Russia and Ukraine signed the Minsk Protocol, a shaky ceasefire agreement that collapsed within days. In February of 2015, a new ceasefire was signed, but hasn’t been fully implemented.

Media:

Summary by: Chris Conrad

(Photo Credit: Flickr user theglobalpanorama)

AKA

Stability and Democracy for Ukraine Act

Official Title

To contain, reverse, and deter Russian aggression in Ukraine, to assist Ukraine's democratic transition, and for other purposes.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Foreign Relations
  • The house Passed September 22nd, 2016
    Passed by Voice Vote
      house Committees
      Committee on Financial Services
      Trade
      Committee on Foreign Affairs
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Committee on Ways and Means
    IntroducedApril 28th, 2016

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    Let's make it clear that we do not approve of Russia's unilateral annexation of Crimea. NATO members should not be selling arms to Russia as long as they continue to show aggression against Europe, nor should we allow Russian assets and trade with the US to benefit their war against Ukraine. By pressuring Russia to either withdraw from Crimea or reach a resolution with Ukraine, we can create a regional stability necessary for private investment in Ukraine's development and diplomacy with the West.
    Like (43)
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    Let Ukraine, Russia, the EU, and the UN handle this. This is not even close to being a direct threat to our sovereignty as a nation.
    Like (72)
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    The people of Crimea voted to do this and we should honor their decision.
    Like (24)
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    Only a secure Ukraine will put its name to grand bargains crafted by Russia and the West and only a secure Ukraine can be a militarily strong Ukraine. No Western deal with Russia can possibly work if it fails to take Ukraine and its justified security concerns into account. Ukraine needs to gain the capacity to stop a full-scale Russian invasion. Although a massive land war would produce savage Ukrainian partisan resistance and lead to enormous losses for Russia, it would be far better to deter Russia than to embroil it in a costly quagmire. And for Ukraine to deter Russia, it needs to have the clear ability to stop Russian air power and tanks. Arming Ukraine and building up its military to the point that it can defend itself, but not threaten Russia, is the only way to secure a durable peace there.
    Like (17)
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    Yes, we should, but not now. I have to agree with Countable member, Stephen, who said: "Yeah, let's tell Putin to get out of the Ukraine. He's already laughing at Obama. As far as Putin is concerned, Obama is a joke and Clinton is just a stooge for him." and Countable member, JSB, who said: "We are not stable enough or powerful enough to kick this hornets nest right now. Best to keep our concerns local." The whole world is unstable right now, and we are not prepared for WWIII. Remember David and Goliath? David wasn't afraid to go up against Goliath, because He knew that God was on the side of the Israelites. I doubt that God is going to be on the side of any nation that turns its back on Him. The state of our government, the lawlessness of groups such as BLM, the strength of the Socialists, Communists, Satanists, and other atheistic groups in America, and the Islamization of large parts of America all add up to a nation that has turned its back on God, so why should we expect Him to help us fight our battles?! Moreover, people like Vladimir Putin only respect strength. Obama has sapped the strength of our military with his purges and his social engineering. He is the WORST "CIC" this country has EVER HAD! Countable member, Harry, said: "We can draw a red line in the dirt." I assume he was being sarcastic and alluding to Obama's meaningless "line" that he drew in Syria. And that pretty much sums up the effectiveness of Obama's foreign policy. Unfortunately, it is all by design. If there were any justice left in America, Obama and Hillary would be in prison for the rest of their lives, IMO.
    Like (13)
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    Sure, why not. I figure a few high pressure water hoses can do the job. Then, we could light candle or form circles to force them out. Ukraine is over.…thank you Obama.
    Like (9)
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    It would be nice to think this would actually do something, but I'm not hopeful unless there is something built into this bill to enforce the arms embargo against Russia.
    Like (8)
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    Russia needs to chill out.
    Like (6)
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    Well, it's a sincerely as close call that requires some strategic thinking. Pressuring the Russian government under the authority of Mr. Putin would evidently be an equation for current diplomatic relations with the nation of Russia to unfortunately be severely infringed upon. The United States must identify implementations to counter the organization of the Islamic state by utilizing its diplomatic relations with the nation as Russia as leverage to exploit a violently flourishing jihadist influence of hate and destruction. Russia has been raised as our fellow acquaintance in competitive demand for the most prosperous superpower on the face of the earth by promoting to construct innovative technologies for future advances with space exploration, global influence of values, militaristic aspects (artillery) and a plethora of more as well. But now the time has come in the 21rst century that tyranny has been awakening increasingly over time (Isis). As two overall productive nations we must seek to develop a surplus of strategies to find a healthy relationship with Russia in many aspects as feasible. If we were to overly pressure our fellow allies in what measures they should proceed to implement in colonizing and bringing new forms of governmental manners to Crimea. Vladimir Putin proposed various efforts to readily communicate with the United States government in an orderly fashion that will be a future recipe of the dynamic worlds chaos a cure in the matters concerning political Affairs branching with the Islamic state and multiple other radical influences. This recent Article of how minimal implementations have been occurring in Ukraine to justify the claim that the situation is civilized and for the most part controlled. The United States should join the ballot to keep promoting a democracy that will guide desperate nations under fascism, communism and totalitarianism to a bright path ahead but we have to value and respect what Russia may having to offer with the nation of Ukraine in colonization. To reiterate, Incompetently at This point in society "Pressuring" Vladimirs government to withdraw from influencing the Ukraine nation would not even be thinkable to fathom of how damaging it may come to bite us for diplomatic relations in defeating the influence of the Islamic state. This source will provide a brief prospective of what's currently occurring in attempts to influence Ukraine, incorporating the slight currency increase of 0.6 percent. Quote: "The ruble advanced the most in emerging markets and the cost of insuring Russian debt against default dropped as Steinmeier sought to ease the tensions over Crimea. The currency climbed 0.6 percent to 64.3747 at 1:59 p.m. in Moscow, reversing losses on Friday triggered by Putin’s warning. Five-year credit-default swaps fell five basis points to 226, curbing an increase since Putin’s comments to 16 basis points". Let's guide our nation to have a future positive relationship with the nation of Russia as time elapses for the sake of currently alleviating an influence that cannot be respected under the values of Islam that is promoting hatred under the eyes of verbal and physical actions of Isis. Source- http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-08-15/germany-urges-easing-of-russia-ukraine-tensions-as-talks-start. Culture makes people understand each other better. And if they understand each other better in their soul, it is easier to overcome the economic and political barriers. But first they have to understand that their neighbour is, in the end, just like them, with the same problems, the same questions"- Paulo Coelho We live in a world where finding fault in others seems to be the favorite blood sport. It has long been the basis of political campaign strategy. It is the theme of much television programming across the world. It sells newspapers. Whenever we meet anyone, our first, almost unconscious reaction may be to look for imperfections"- Henry B. Eyring Credit to- http://mobile.brainyquote.com/search_results.html?q=Political+. Article of Russia and Ukraine influence: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-08-15/germany-urges-easing-of-russia-ukraine-tensions-as-talks-start Thank you for your time.
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    Let Eastern Europe do Eastern Europe, and let US do US
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    We have larger issues both foreign and domestic that should be focused on. It's an issue that can be handled by the European powers, a Russian conflict is not in the best interest of the US.
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    Since past sanctions on Russian officials have not returned results, it seems like a futile effort to procure additional sanctions. Time, money and effort should be focused on other matters, not those involving Ukrainian sovereignty. This issue should be handled by the United Nations. It is not the United States' job to interfere globally in situations which do not affect its national sovereignty.
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    How about we stay out of this one?
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    I believe that the United States military is spread too thin and has no economic or strategic interest to intervene in the Ukraine. Forcing Russia out of our financial markets would allow them to pursue monetary and financial opportunities elsewhere. The best thing our country can do is to increase trade and diplomacy with the two countries, which would stir us into the path of mutual cooperation.
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    I can't support this bill without knowing what it will cost. I agree Russia needs to stop invading countries, but so does China. Until we get a new president, we won't have the cred to get anything done because the world knows that Obama's lines in the sand mean nothing.
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    Yeah, let's tell Putin to get out of the Ukraine. He's already laughing at Obama. As far as Putin is concerned, Obama is a joke and Clinton is just a stooge for him.
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    Absolutely. Putin's illegal Ukrainian aggression must be stopped. Also, Russia must give back Crimea. The former KGB thug must be met with strong American leadership. Unfortunately, there is no chance of that before the end of Jan 2017 (and then only a 50/50 chance).
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    Borders are borders, Russia needs to respect a border
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    Russia is violating Ukraine's right to exist as a sovereign nation– again– and the United States must not stand idly by as Russia attempts to overtake a sovereign nation. Again.
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    Russia's occupation of Crimea is a blatant violation of human rights, and an insult to democracy. The US should work in coalition with the UN and other countries to address the issue clearly, with poise and diplomacy. Crimea should not be recognized by federal agencies as a Russian state.
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