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house Bill H.R. 455

Does DHS Need to Study Security Issues on the U.S. - Canada Border?

Argument in favor

Identifying weaknesses in security along the northern border will help prevent criminals and terrorists from exploiting those vulnerabilities. If the government doesn’t know exactly what’s wrong, how can it be fixed?

Xavier's Opinion
It is imperative that we assess and resolve all border security issues; it doesn't matter if it's the border with Mexico, or the border with Canada.
Like (1)
Kelly's Opinion
Tons of scrutiny on the southern border. The north border does too.
Anna 's Opinion
Yes. But why study. Geography show there are many ways to get into America from Canada. Send any proposed study money to The Wounded Veteran Program, they should not have to beg for help.

Argument opposed

While it may make sense to assess the status of border security along the northern border, there is nothing in this legislation that would require the Dept. of Homeland Security to take action and fix those problem.

operaman's Opinion
No, we don't need a study. We need the DHS too access past studies and just secure the Northern border and the SOUTHERN border.
Like (8)
John's Opinion
DHS SHOULD ALREADY BE DOING THIS AS A PART OF THEIR CORE FUNCTIONS!!! If they are not, then fire the leadership and hire people who understand the basics of security.
Like (2)
ark4162's Opinion
You don't need to study "IF" the northern border needs to be secured... IT DOES!!!!! There are lots of examples around the US and around the world of walls and fences that work. Don't need to study it, just build the damn thing!!!
Like (2)

What is House Bill H.R. 455?

This bill would require the Dept. of Homeland Security (DHS) to compile a Northern Border Threat Analysis and submit it to relevant congressional committees. The threat analysis would seek to assess needed security improvements and the threat of terrorist or criminal activity.

Specifically, current and potential threats for terrorism to be carried out by individuals and groups who would enter the U.S. through the northern border or exploit vulnerabilities would be examined. The threat analysis would also look at needed improvements at ports of entry along the northern border to prevent such activities — including the maritime borders of the Great Lakes.

The threat analysis would identify any vulnerabilities in the law or policies that hinder cooperation between state and local law enforcement to secure the border and counteract the threat of terrorism. It would examine the following challenges affecting border security:

  • Technology needs;

  • Personnel needs;

  • The role of state, tribal, and local law enforcement in general border security activities;

  • The need for cooperation between federal, state, tribal, local, and Canadian law enforcement on issues of border security;

  • The geographic challenges of the northern border.

To the greatest extent possible, DHS would make this threat analysis unclassified, although it would be allowed to submit a portion of it in a classified manner if it’s appropriate.


Law enforcement entities at the federal, state, local, and tribal level; Canadian law enforcement, the Dept. of Homeland Security, and relevant congressional committees.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 455

$1.00 Million
The CBO estimates that implementing this legislation would cost about $1 million in 2016.

More Information

In-Depth: This bill's lead sponsor, Rep. John Katko (R-NY), cited the need for the federal government to understand threats on the northern border before formulating solutions:
"As a former federal prosecutor on both the northern border in New York and the southern border in El Paso, Texas, I've seen first-hand the issues our nation faces countering drug trafficking and potential terrorist acts. While great attention is justifiably given to the challenges of securing our southern border, ensuring the safety of our vast northern border is critical to our nation's security."
This legislation currently has the support of five bipartisan cosponsors in the House, including three Republicans and two Democrats.


Summary by Eric Revell
(Photo Credit: Flickr user jkbrooks85)


Northern Border Security Review Act

Official Title

To require the Secretary of Homeland Security to conduct a northern border threat analysis, and for other purposes.

bill Progress

  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
      senate Committees
      Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
  • The house Passed October 28th, 2015
    Passed by Voice Vote
      house Committees
      Border Security, Facilitation, and Operations
      Committee on Homeland Security
    IntroducedJanuary 21st, 2015

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