What is House Bill H.R. 4508?
Cost of House Bill H.R. 4508
In-Depth: Sponsoring Rep. Hakeem Jeffries (D-NY) introduced this bill to ensure that at least half of USAID’s scholarships supporting Pakistani students pursuing bachelor’s or master’s degrees are given to female students.
The Basic Education Coalition (BEC) supports this bill. It expressed support for this bill and the Global Child Thrive Act of 2019 (H.R.4508) in a December 18, 2019, statement after both bills’ unanimous passage by the House Foreign Affairs Committee.
This legislation passed the House Foreign Affairs Committee by unanimous consent and has the support of 31 bipartisan House cosponsors, including 17 Democrats and 14 Republicans. The Borgen Project and Basic Education Coalition (BEC) support this legislation.
Of Note: The USAID and Higher Education Commission of Pakistan established the MNBSP to fund full-tuition scholarships to talented, but economically disadvantaged, Pakistani youth interested in bachelor’s or master’s degrees.
In each of the last four fiscal years, USAID has awarded at least half of the scholarship money through the MNBSP to female students. Therefore, USAID is already in compliance with this bill’s primary provision.
Pakistan ranks second in the world for the most girls out of school. According to the World Bank, only 64% of Pakistani women were in school in 2018. By ninth grade, only 13% of girls are still in school; before that point, more than one-third of young girls don’t attend primary school at all.
Malala Yousafzai, for whom this bill is named, is the youngest-ever Nobel Prize laureate. In 2012, she was shot by the Taliban in an attempted assassination in retribution for her activism in favor of girls’ education (at the time, the local Taliban had banned all girls from attending school). While recovering from the shooting at a hospital in the U.K., Malala founded the Malala Fund with the mission of securing 12 years of free, safe, quality education for young women around the world. According to the Malala Fund, providing every girl around the world 12 years of education would increase women’s earnings by $15 trillion.
When women receive secondary education, they improve their prospects in life, strengthen their communities, and lift their families out of poverty. According to the Malala Fund, women with secondary education earn almost twice as much as women without any education.
- Basic Education Coalition Statement (In Favor)
- CBO Cost Estimate
- New York Minute Mag
- Borgen Magazine
- Borgen Magazine
Summary by Lorelei Yang
(Photo Credit: UK Department for International Development via Wikimedia Commons)
Malala Yousafzai Scholarship Act
To expand the number of scholarships available to Pakistani women under the Merit and Needs-Based Scholarship Program.
- Not enactedThe President has not signed this bill
- The senate has not voted
- The house Passed March 3rd, 2020Roll Call Vote 374 Yea / 16 NayIntroducedSeptember 26th, 2019