This bill would reinstate a Bill Clinton-era ban on assault weapons that expired in 2004. Specifically, it would prohibit the sale, transfer, production, and importation of assault weapons.
This bill defines assault weapons as:
Any semi-automatic rifle or handgun that has both:
- a detachable magazine that allows the shooter to snap on a new, fully loaded magazine instead of reloading bullet-by-bullet;
- anything from list of “military-style features” like pistol grips or barrel shrouds.
- Semi-automatic shotguns with any “military-style features”;
Semi-automatic rifles and handguns with a fixed (not easily detachable) magazine that can hold more than 10 rounds;
Any ammunition feeding device that can hold more than 10 rounds.
Semi-automatic firearms self-eject the used cartridge after firing and load a new cartridge — so all the shooter has to do to fire again is pull the trigger. This bill also names 157 specific firearms that would be prohibited.
The ban would not apply to firearms that are already owned or on the market. It also excludes guns owned by military, law enforcement, and retired law enforcement.
The so-called “Charleston Loophole,” would be closed. The loophole is named for the quirk of law that allowed Dylann Roof to purchase the weapon used in his 2015 mass shooting at a church in Charlston, South Carolina. Currently, if an FBI background check on a potential gun buyer is not completed within three days, the dealer is permitted to go ahead with the sale.
The Assault Weapons Ban would extend the FBI background check waiting period from three to 14 days for resales of assault weapons that are already on the market. The FBI would be required to notify law enforcement if an employee of the agency realizes a gun has been sold to a prohibited individual after the 14-day window.