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house Bill H.R. 3714

Should the National Threat Assessment Center Create a New Program to Study & Prevent School Shootings?

Argument in favor

Students shouldn’t have to worry about getting shot while on campus, but school shootings are far too common in the U.S. The status is unacceptable, and the federal government needs to do more to keep students safe in school via efforts like the National Threat Assessment Center.

Hillary's Opinion
···
08/30/2019
Studies are ok but make real progress on getting military grade, rapidly repeating guns out of civilian hands. At least ban the sale of any more now and ban the sale of ammunition NOW.
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08/30/2019
Yes. But even better- ban assault weapons now.
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···
08/30/2019
And we should pass legislation to strengthen background checks, red flag laws and mental health programs!
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Argument opposed

While school shootings are tragic, the best way to prevent these incidents is to create better threat reporting and school response mechanisms (such as active shooter response protocols), rather simply studying shootings as a mass phenomenon.

Sharon's Opinion
···
08/30/2019
No. More. Studies. Ban assault weapons. Stop selling ammunition. Stop wasting money. At least until we get the White House fumigated.
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jimK's Opinion
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08/30/2019
There is a simple and direct solution to this problem. More obfuscation, more studies, more commissions are not the answer. Just ban weapons which could enable anyone to rapidly and repeated kill innocents en-mass. It is really simple. Screw the demands of the NRA. As far as second amendment rights, bull crap. I could argue that I as a safe driver should not be restricted by stupid speed limits. However, even though I could safely drive faster, I am required to abide by those offensive speed limits imposed on me, simply because others who would speed might not do so safely- the safety of others requires me as a member of society to abide by laws needed to protect others from those who could abuse those rights. Isn’t that why we have banned automatic weapons, machine guns, hand grenades, rocket launchers and tactical nukes from personal use ownership? Assault-type weapons with large clips are not much different.
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Thelma's Opinion
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08/30/2019
No studies needed. Ban assault weapons. Background checks on all gun sales. Just get it done.
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What is House Bill H.R. 3714?

This bill — the EAGLES Act of 2019 — would create a national program focusing on school violence prevention, including expanding research and training on school violence and disseminating information on prevention initiatives. This bill would expand of the National Threat Assessment Center (NTAC), a safe school initiative, and government accountability for safe schools. 


Expansion of NTAC

This bill would reauthorize and expand NTAC to conduct additional research and training to prevent targeted violence. It would also:

  • Permit NTAC to consult with outside entities on complex threat assessment cases or programs;
  • Facilitate information-sharing amongst agencies, as well as other public or private entities, on threat assessment and targeted violence prevention; and
  • Promote the development of best practices and standardization across all levels of government on threat assessment and prevention of targeted violence.


Safe School Initiative

This bill would establish a national program on targeted school violence prevention. Additionally, it would: 

  • Provide funding to hire additional personnel to expand NTAC research and training on targeted school violence nationwide;
  • Require NTAC to develop a plan to execute the expansion of research and training nationwide; and
  • Authorize the creation of an interactive website to disseminate information and data on targeted school violence prevention.


Government Accountability

This bill would require the Secret Service to report on its implementation within two years of its enactment.

Impact

Schools; students; school shootings; school shooting prevention and research; Secret Service; and NTAC.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 3714

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Ted Deutch (D-FL) introduced this bill to expand the Secret Service’s National Threat Assessment Center (NTAC) with a greater focus on school violence prevention

"The Secret Service's Threat Assessment Center was created to help train communities to prevent the kinds of targeted violence that threaten them. Sadly, Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School endured a tragedy that resulted in the loss of 17 Eagles. This bill will prevent violence in other communities across the country. We should use this effective model of assessing threats and developing trainings in order to prevent any more school shootings in any other community. I'm proud of this bipartisan plan to leverage some of our government's best resources to tackle this heart-breaking and preventable crisis."

Original cosponsor Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart (R-FL) adds

“Over the years, I have been personally involved in working towards making our communities and schools a safer place. The safety of our children is of the utmost importance for every family. All parents should feel confident that when they drop their child off at school, that child is in a safe environment. That is why school safety should remain a top priority in our country, and that begins by taking the appropriate measures to prevent targeted violence and school violence. I am honored to co-lead this legislation, and I thank Congressman Deutch for his leadership on this issue.”

Senate sponsor Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-IA) says

“The U.S. Secret Service has unique and unparalleled experience in identifying threats to safety and preventing tragedies. This bill builds on the Secret Service’s case study research on targeted school violence and enables the National Threat Assessment Center to train more of our nation’s schools in how to conduct threat assessments and early interventions.  Equipping our communities and schools with training and best practices to recognize and prevent school violence is an important step toward preventing future tragedies, and an important way to honor victims of school violence.”

Original Senate cosponsor Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) adds

“To prevent future tragedies like Parkland, a multi-pronged approach is needed to ensure that threats do not fall through the cracks. By providing funding to the National Threat Assessment Center, top-notch research to stop school violence will help prevent future tragedies. This bill will also expand threat assessment programs so that more school districts can be trained to identify threats and properly intervene. I thank Chairman Grassley for shepherding this bill and for his ongoing efforts to reduce school violence, and urge my colleagues to quickly pass this bill.”

Stand With Parkland supports this bill. Its president, Tony Montalto (father of Gina Montalto, one of the 17 people murdered at school in the 2018 Parkland shooting), says

“The National Threat Assessment Center has been essential to thwarting mass shooters and targeted violence since it was first created in 2008. The EAGLES Act is a critical expansion of the program that prioritizes school violence and directs key funding to prevent the next mass school shooting. We need to be more proactive and less reactive — our children’s lives are at stake. This bipartisan effort underscores the importance of school safety and ensures nationwide research and training to stop the next attack before it happens. Our nation’s lawmakers must join together to keep staff members and students safe at school."

This bill has five bipartisan cosponsors, including three Republicans and two Democrats. It’s also supported by the Federal Law Enforcement Officers Association, Sergeants Benevolent Association, National Fraternal Order of Police, National Association of School Psychologists, National Association of Secondary School Principals, Sandy Hook Promise, Stand With Parkland, and the families of those who perished in the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida. 


Of NoteThis bill’s name — the “EAGLES Act” — is in honor of the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Eagles. The school was the site of the February 14, 2018 shooting in which 17 people were killed and 17 were injured. 

The Secret Service established the NTAC in 1998 to develop evidence-based indicators of various types of targeted violence, including school shootings. It developed a threat assessment model used by law enforcement to identify potentially violent individuals, assess whether an individual poses an imminent threat and determine how to manage the threat. Through its research, NTAC found that most attackers exhibited indicators of pre-attack behavior. Based on its findings, NTAC developed a three-step threat assessment model: 

  1. Identifying individuals who are exhibiting pre-attack behavior;
  2. Assessing whether an individual poses a threat; and
  3. Managing the threat.

NTAC’s findings can be used to develop best practices and training to prevent future acts of violence. Since 2002, the Secret Service has conducted 444 training operations for 93,000 school administrators, teachers, counselors, mental health professionals, school resource officers and other public safety partners.

As of July 26, 2019 there have been 22 shootings with injuries or casualties in U.S. schools. 


Media:

Summary by Lorelei Yang

(Photo Credit: iStockphoto.com / wellesenterprises)

AKA

EAGLES Act of 2019

Official Title

To amend title 18, United States Code, to reauthorize and expand the National Threat Assessment Center of the Department of Homeland Security.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on the Judiciary
      Crime, Terrorism and Homeland Security
    IntroducedJuly 11th, 2019
    Studies are ok but make real progress on getting military grade, rapidly repeating guns out of civilian hands. At least ban the sale of any more now and ban the sale of ammunition NOW.
    Like (70)
    Follow
    Share
    No. More. Studies. Ban assault weapons. Stop selling ammunition. Stop wasting money. At least until we get the White House fumigated.
    Like (58)
    Follow
    Share
    There is a simple and direct solution to this problem. More obfuscation, more studies, more commissions are not the answer. Just ban weapons which could enable anyone to rapidly and repeated kill innocents en-mass. It is really simple. Screw the demands of the NRA. As far as second amendment rights, bull crap. I could argue that I as a safe driver should not be restricted by stupid speed limits. However, even though I could safely drive faster, I am required to abide by those offensive speed limits imposed on me, simply because others who would speed might not do so safely- the safety of others requires me as a member of society to abide by laws needed to protect others from those who could abuse those rights. Isn’t that why we have banned automatic weapons, machine guns, hand grenades, rocket launchers and tactical nukes from personal use ownership? Assault-type weapons with large clips are not much different.
    Like (49)
    Follow
    Share
    Yes. But even better- ban assault weapons now.
    Like (33)
    Follow
    Share
    No studies needed. Ban assault weapons. Background checks on all gun sales. Just get it done.
    Like (25)
    Follow
    Share
    And we should pass legislation to strengthen background checks, red flag laws and mental health programs!
    Like (20)
    Follow
    Share
    UH, YEAH...OR JUST LET THE CDC RESUME WHAT IT IS AS GOING TO DO BEFORE REPUBLICANS SHUT IT DOWN?!?!!!
    Like (15)
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    Study? Here are initial steps Congress can take to begin to reduce gun violence and promote public health. These allow hunting, self protection and target shooting and do not infringe on the second amendment. -Ban semi-automatic rifles and shotguns -Single action bolt, lever, or pump rifles and shotguns with magazines or clips holding 6 or fewer rounds remain legal -Revolvers holding 6 rounds remain legal -Pistols holding magazines with 6 or fewer rounds legal. -Require registration and insurance for all firearms. -Limit magazines/clips/drums to 6 rounds -Ban hollow point ammunition and bullets that twist or yaw in flight. -21 day waiting period for purchase. -Mandatory background checks. -Require mandatory gun violence studies on gun violence. - Secure gun storage requirement - Gun use training required - Guns to have modern safety features such as trigger locks added (similar to what we do with cars) - Gun manufacturers have legal liabilities same as any other manufacturer. Members of Congress, take the donations you receive from the NRA and publicly announce that you are giving those donations to organization and municipalities that embark on measures to improve school safety and public health. Then lead the effort to create laws that reduce gun violence in America.
    Like (15)
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    Here’s a study, what kills more children? Guns or abortion? If you liberals want the right to kill your babies, then you better quit screwing with our right to defend ours.
    Like (11)
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    Ban the weapons of mass destruction that are used to perpetrate these heinous acts. There will always be heinous people. Frustrate their ability to obtain the weapons to commit heinous acts. Rampaging with a baseball bat is much easier to stop with fewer fatalities.
    Like (9)
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    Yes, we apparently need a specifically dedicated agency and program to state that we need to ban all guns and abolish all Conservatism to eliminate school shootings and mass murders.
    Like (9)
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    I don’t believe we need to create a new government agency to study school shootings. It is quite obvious there is little to no discipline within most of our schools. There are no forms of punishment when students break rules. No one does anything for harassment or bullying. Not all students even want to be in school. But law forces them to be there. Teachers are shown no respect, by students, parents or school administrators. Parents don’t even pay for their children’s lunches. And schools can not enforce collections. We have a Department of Education don’t we? What do they really do? What is their job? So far our education system is failing in more ways than learning. No we do not need another government agency. We need one that works and earns it’s pay.
    Like (9)
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    Put God back in school. Put God back in the public square. Liberals have taught our kids there is no right or wrong, be as vile and godless as you want. So now we are reaping what they have sown! God set up the rule book (the Bible) and liberals have thrown it out mocked it tried to explain it away but the truths are still standing and the consequences for ignoring it are very evident!
    Like (8)
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    By all means YES.... JUST DO IT. PASS H.R. 3714 EAGLES Act of 2019 Students shouldn’t have to worry about getting shot while on campus, but school shootings are far too common in the U.S. The status is unacceptable, and the federal government needs to do more to keep students safe in school via efforts like the National Threat Assessment Center. SneakyPete..... 👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻👍🏻. 8.30.19.....
    Like (8)
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    Yes, if they will finally address the white supremacy and the obvious recruitment techniques aimed at young repressed boys.
    Like (7)
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    Are you fricking kidding me with this asinine question. How about our lawmakers do something about making better laws to prevent shootings, period!!!! We don't need anymore studies, we need action from our lawmakers and the inept moron in the White House. Congress, do your damn job for a change and stop worrying about the next election. Once again, you're all playing games with people's lives.
    Like (7)
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    How about common sense gun control. How about again making assault rifles illegal.
    Like (6)
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    Students shouldn’t have to worry about getting shot while on campus, but school shootings are far too common in the U.S. The status is unacceptable, and the federal government needs to do more to keep students safe in school via efforts like the National Threat Assessment Center. I remember when America was a safe place. “Moscow NRA Mitch” will not bring a bill like this to vote because he is a dickless idiot who continues to put Party over country all the while being supported by dark money from the NRA. Disgraceful! Let’s Make America Safe Again Vote for a Democrat!
    Like (6)
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    There is no need for a new study. We know what the problem is already, unconnected males without fathers to start with. Then there is no Judeo-Christian values taught in schools anymore and certainly more Christian values need to be taught at home.
    Like (6)
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    We don’t have to study it! It is the footloose and fancy free way anyone can get weapons of war in this country. Pay me millions and I will tell you that. We need to STOP the GOP/NRA machine. We need to oust #45, Pence, Moscow Mitch, Blowhard Graham, asinine Hatch and my stupid, money grubbing Senators-tillis and burr! All have innocent American blood on their hands. All are complicit.
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