This bill would authorize the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), which is administered by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), to enter into and renew flood insurance policies through fiscal year 2022 — authority that’s set to expire after December 8, 2017. It would also change annual limits on premium increases for NFIP insurance, and require FEMA to provide financial assistance through state programs for low-income families to buy NFIP insurance.
FEMA would be required to provide policyholders with:
An annual explanation of premiums;
Historical flood data to property owners upon request;
Data related to NFIP risks and premiums, including community-level data, through a publicly available data system.
FEMA would be required to commission an annual independent actuarial review of the financial status of NFIP. The Government Accountability Office would have to report on:
The feasibility of reducing flood insurance premiums and eliminating the need for flood insurance coverage by authorizing flood damage savings accounts;
Flood insurance requirements for mortgages.
Penalties for violations of the flood insurance requirement for mortgages would be increased.
The NFIP’s community rating program would be revised to require FEMA to provide premium credits in communities that protect natural and beneficial floodplain functions. NFIP coverage would be revised for:
Properties that have incurred multiple flood losses;
Properties that have exceeded specified levels of claim payments;
Certain high-risk properties.
FEMA would be required to allow a Write Your Own Company — which writes and services federal standard flood insurance policies in its own name — to sell private flood insurance.