This bill would direct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to develop a report and submit it to Congress within 180 days covering the following topics:
The number of high-risk rail shipments entering the U.S. each year;
The status of radiation detection units at each rail crossing on the northern and southern U.S. borders;
An assessment of whether more radiation detection equipment is necessary to ensure that all high-risk cross-border rail shipments are appropriately examined;
A plan for ensuring that all relevant CBP personnel receive training and guidance on the proper use of the agency’s Automated Targeting System for such shipments, the use of radiation detection equipment, and requirements for tracking results.
The General Accountability Office (GAO) would be required to periodically audit CBP operations on these borders to ensure rail shipments are targeted, examined, and the examination results are properly documented.