H.R. 181 — Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act (JVTA) — aims to address all tiers the human trafficking network: the trafficker, the buyer, and the victims.
For the buyer, the bill imposes an additional $5,000 dollar fine on any person convicted of human trafficking. H.R. 181 also changes the definition of child pornography to include it as a form of child abuse.
For the trafficker, the bill offers state grants through the Department of Defense budget to bolster anti-trafficking efforts. This bill allows state and local human trafficking task forces investigate child pornography and sexual exploitation with wiretap warrants authorized in their state courts without federal approval. It also repurposes and reauthorizes victim-centered grant programs to train law enforcement on how to rescue victims and prosecute human traffickers.
For victims, funding authorized in the JVTA would also support services for child pornography victims and create a Domestic Trafficking Victims Fund, where penalties for trafficking would be paid to help fund state grants programs.