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house Bill H.R. 1731

Should Private Companies Have More Incentives to Share Information With the Gov't?

Argument in favor

This bill would bolster U.S. cybersecurity by making companies more willing to share cyber threat information, while also increasing privacy safeguards that prevent the sharing of personal information.

Dirtrhino's Opinion
···
04/21/2015
Cyber-attacks/cyber-terrorism will be one of the biggest challenges in the next few years. We need all hands on deck to face this threat. The private sector is reluctant to reveal attacks against them, hopefully this bill will encourage sharing of information to counter this threat.
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JohnC1957's Opinion
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04/22/2015
At least with the Federal government, there is more oversight than with private companies. We have no insight into issues within private companies. Private companies should be required to provide details of privacy breach sad soon as they are identified and provide new details as they are discovered.
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Robert's Opinion
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04/21/2015
To protect our citizens we all have to work together. The NSA does not care about private emails unless it has to do with terror plots
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Argument opposed

After the revelations about the NSA’s domestic spying, can citizens genuinely trust that their personal information is safe when ‘big brother’ has access to it — even if its voluntary?

Justin's Opinion
···
04/21/2015
After the blatant misuse of data collection policies by the government so far, how could we possibly trust them with more? Might be viable if the patriot act is not renewed, though.
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Loraki's Opinion
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02/26/2017
• "Experience should teach us to be most on our guard to protect liberty when the Government's purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding." -- Louis D. Brandeis, dissenting, Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 479 (1928). The last sentence is one of many quotations inscribed on Cox Corridor II, a first floor House corridor, U.S. Capitol. • "All who have ever written on government are unanimous, that among a people generally corrupt, liberty cannot long exist." -- Edmund Burke, letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol (3 April 1777), in The Works of the Right Honorable Edmund Burke (1899), Vol. 2, p. 199 • "The true danger is when liberty is nibbled away, for expedients, and by parts." -- Edmund Burke, letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol (3 April 1777), in The Works of the Right Honorable Edmund Burke (1899), Vol. 2, p. 199 • "The people never give up their liberties but under some delusion." -- Edmund Burke, Speech at a County Meeting at Bucks (1784) • "It is the common fate of the indolent to see their rights become a prey to the active. The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt." -- John Philpot Curran, "Speech On the Right of Election" (July 10, 1790) in Speeches of John Philpot Curran (1811) "Speech of Mr. Curran, On the Right of Election of Lord Mayor of the City of Dublin, Delivered Before the Lord Lieutenant and Privy Council of Ireland, 1790". Speeches of John Philpot Curran, Esq: With a Brief Sketch of the History of Ireland a Biographical Account of Mr. Curran. 2. New York: I. Riley. 1811. pp. 235–236.
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StratonGarrard's Opinion
···
04/21/2015
Have we so quickly forgotten the lessons learned with the implementation of the PATRIOT Act, the NSA scandal, and recent revelation that the DEA had been tapping into American cell-lines since the 90s? Big Gov has a sordid history regarding privacy, and should not be trusted with private documents.
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What is House Bill H.R. 1731?

This bill hopes to incentivize private sector organizations to share cyber threat information with the government with the promise of expanded liability protections — basically a big security blanket against lawsuits.  


Information exchanges would go through the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC) — a center that organizes and shares cyber threat information provided voluntarily by private, federal, state and local entities under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS). This bill would officially designate NCCIC as the lead interface for civilian organizations, and require it to only use information to prevent and respond to cyber attacks.


Under this bill, the NCCIC would be authorized to offer liability protections to private businesses that voluntarily share cyber threat information and defensive measures. These private businesses would also be given liability protections to conduct network awareness of their information systems, and operate defensive measures to guard against cyber threats that might steal sensitive information from their business and customers.


Privacy protections would also be enhanced in this bill, as all personal information would be removed by public and private entities before cyber threat information is initially shared, then the NCCIC would re-check what is shared and delete any remaining personal information. Annual reports of the effectiveness of these civil liberties protections would be provided to Congress.


All existing public-private partnerships would be preserved so that ongoing cybersecurity elaborations can continue under these new requirements.

Impact

People and businesses that use digital media to store and manage information; federal, state, local, and private entities; cyber threats and U.S. cyber security, the NCCIC, DHS, and related federal agencies.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 1731

$20.00 Million
The CBO analyzed this legislation and found that the reporting and administrative requirements would cause the National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center to hire about 20 additional personnel — costing about $20 million over the 2016-2020 period, or $4 million per year.

More Information

In-Depth:

Using DHS and NCCIC as the main portals through which public-private cybersecurity data is shared is the preferred tactic of the White House, and passed the House Committee on Homeland Security on a unanimous, bipartisan vote.


Sponsoring Rep. Michael McCaul (R-TX) has said in the past that: 

“DHS has some of the strongest privacy mechanisms in the federal government. Such built-in privacy oversight is an important reason why DHS is the leading civilian interface for these exchanges.”

That strategy runs against proposals made by intelligence committees in both chambers of Congress — which would prefer that such information is shared directly with intelligence agencies like the NSA.


Of Note:

The Center for Strategic and International Studies published a study in June 2014 finding that cybercrime cost the U.S. economy about $100 billion, while the global cost falls between $400 billion and $575 billion.

Media:

House Committee on Homeland Security Press Release

House Committee on Homeland Security Summary

CBO Cost Estimate

The Dallas Morning News

FCW

The Hill

Washington Times

American Chemistry Council (In Favor)

Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (In Favor)


Summary by Eric Revell
(Photo Credit: Flickr user masha_k_sh)

AKA

National Cybersecurity Protection Advancement Act of 2015

Official Title

To amend the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to enhance multi-directional sharing of information related to cybersecurity risks and strengthen privacy and civil liberties protections, and for other purposes.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house Passed April 23rd, 2015
    Roll Call Vote 355 Yea / 63 Nay
      house Committees
      Committee on Homeland Security
    IntroducedApril 13th, 2015

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    Cyber-attacks/cyber-terrorism will be one of the biggest challenges in the next few years. We need all hands on deck to face this threat. The private sector is reluctant to reveal attacks against them, hopefully this bill will encourage sharing of information to counter this threat.
    Like (5)
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    After the blatant misuse of data collection policies by the government so far, how could we possibly trust them with more? Might be viable if the patriot act is not renewed, though.
    Like (16)
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    • "Experience should teach us to be most on our guard to protect liberty when the Government's purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding." -- Louis D. Brandeis, dissenting, Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 479 (1928). The last sentence is one of many quotations inscribed on Cox Corridor II, a first floor House corridor, U.S. Capitol. • "All who have ever written on government are unanimous, that among a people generally corrupt, liberty cannot long exist." -- Edmund Burke, letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol (3 April 1777), in The Works of the Right Honorable Edmund Burke (1899), Vol. 2, p. 199 • "The true danger is when liberty is nibbled away, for expedients, and by parts." -- Edmund Burke, letter to the Sheriffs of Bristol (3 April 1777), in The Works of the Right Honorable Edmund Burke (1899), Vol. 2, p. 199 • "The people never give up their liberties but under some delusion." -- Edmund Burke, Speech at a County Meeting at Bucks (1784) • "It is the common fate of the indolent to see their rights become a prey to the active. The condition upon which God hath given liberty to man is eternal vigilance; which condition if he break, servitude is at once the consequence of his crime and the punishment of his guilt." -- John Philpot Curran, "Speech On the Right of Election" (July 10, 1790) in Speeches of John Philpot Curran (1811) "Speech of Mr. Curran, On the Right of Election of Lord Mayor of the City of Dublin, Delivered Before the Lord Lieutenant and Privy Council of Ireland, 1790". Speeches of John Philpot Curran, Esq: With a Brief Sketch of the History of Ireland a Biographical Account of Mr. Curran. 2. New York: I. Riley. 1811. pp. 235–236.
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    Have we so quickly forgotten the lessons learned with the implementation of the PATRIOT Act, the NSA scandal, and recent revelation that the DEA had been tapping into American cell-lines since the 90s? Big Gov has a sordid history regarding privacy, and should not be trusted with private documents.
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    Oftentimes, the incentives government gives create very undesirable unintended consequences.
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    The government will worm it's way through muddled and hidden laws to access this information.
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    No, we are not a communist dictatorship and people should have the freedom to remain private and anonymous. This would set a dangerous precedent and it is unconstitutional.
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    The government should only get info. With a warrant and a reason in doing so, not just buy companies off for data.
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    Government cannot be trusted with our information. (Ever heard of "leaks" at the federal level?) Private companies cannot be trusted with our information. (Target, anyone?) Together they would be a disaster.
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    It feels like a slippery slope, similar to the Lennon era or Worse. In addition, the Feds have not shown due diligence keeping information secure. I must say no although I agree with the idea, it's written poorly and too loose.
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    The government should use its agencies already in place to protect Americans from cyber security threats. "Incentives" for private companies to willingly handover private citizen information will only breed corruption and more distrust between citizens and big brother.
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    Very wary of any collaboration between big business and big government. Although the original intent seems genuine, this could allow for even more NSA style abuse in the future.
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    They should be requested by law. Enough of incentives and tax breaks
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    Politicians and bureaucrats cannot be trusted with inside information about a business. If it is information that is not required to be made public, then it is not information that should be shared with government.
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    Are you kidding me? The government knows more about me than the I would like and you want more? I don't think so. Just send me my check, social security, and I am fine.
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    At least with the Federal government, there is more oversight than with private companies. We have no insight into issues within private companies. Private companies should be required to provide details of privacy breach sad soon as they are identified and provide new details as they are discovered.
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    Why should they the government don't do there job mainly the FBI &DOJ.
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    we live in a world where storing information online is hardly a choice; the two major players are tech companies and our overbearing government...i don't want to live in a world where i'm some microchipped specimen with fewer and fewer choices.
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    Cyber attacks are going to be the biggest threat to our nation. Our government has the tools to fight back. Lets not give them the tools to commit the crimes.
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    It's bad enough that these companies collect massive amounts of data about us. The government has no reason to collect it into one database.
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