This bill would establish a new bankruptcy process for financial institutions that have more than $50 billion in assets. It seeks to assist larger institutions that may be too complex to resolve a bankruptcy under existing law, and would apply to bank holding companies or other corporations that meet both the $50 billion asset threshold and annual revenue requirements.
The new process would be created within Chapter 11 of the bankruptcy code as subchapter five. It would begin with a covered financial institution filing for bankruptcy and the appointment of a bankruptcy judge to oversee proceedings. A bridge company would be created to receive the bank’s property, and could also receive the its unresolved contracts if certain conditions are met. Licenses, permits, and registrations belonging to the financial institution would be transferred to the bridge company — and would be exempt from securities laws. A special trustee would be appointed by the court to hold the financial institution’s equity securities for the institution’s benefit.
A subchapter five case could be converted to a Chapter 7 bankruptcy where the institutions assets are liquidated if a special trustee has been appointed, the court finds that it’d be in the best interest of creditors, and the transfer has been approved.
The Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court would be required to designate at least three district judges in at least four circuits to serve on a panel to hear appeals in subchapter five bankruptcies. The Chief Justice would also be required to designate a panel of at least 10 bankruptcy judges.