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house Bill H.R. 1556

Should the U.S. Adopt Permanent Daylight Saving Time to Eliminate the Need to ‘Spring Forward’ & ‘Fall Back’?

Argument in favor

Making Daylight Saving Time permanent across the U.S. would simplify Americans’ lives by ending the practice of resetting clocks twice a year to “spring forward” and “fall back”, which could yield benefits in terms of reduced health risks and increased economic activity.

Brian's Opinion
···
11/01/2020
Yes, this system was put in place to preserve agricultural and retail interests decades ago, and it serves no purpose now that children don't work in the fields and people can shop online whenever they want. Let's stop this unhealthy and anti-science system of changing the clocks and stay in the same time year round.
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Kodiwodi's Opinion
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11/01/2020
Now I’ve answered this for the 98th time! The US should pick a time standard and stick with the bloody plan. Most of Europe has already done away with the two times and parts of Canada are standard time year round. Hawaii and Arizona have done away with it and other states are considering it. When someone asks for the time I’d really prefer not to answer where? @ Rassilon6. The argument of it should stay the same because we are used to it is quite flawed. Not only does it poorly effect millions of citizens’ mental health and sleep patterns, some studies show and increase in some mental illnesses such as Depressive disorders and Bipolar diagnoses. Additionally Daylight Savings Time use only began in the US March 31 1916 for the purpose of saving fuel for electrical production during WWI. Your agrarian theory is off. In Ben’s time, they worked and studied from the time the Sun came up until the time it went down. Useful time.
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Sandra's Opinion
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05/08/2020
Really!?.......We have had this same conversation FOR YEARS!.........Changing back and forth is STUPID......It's like throwing everybody in Jet Lag at once......bet production is down and "accidents" on the job and on the highway are UP until EVERYONE re-regulates their internal clock.....If golf courses want hours changed to make economic use of summer hours.....let them change THEIR hours....NOT the entire area. Side note: In the 80s I was listening to a radio station and the topic of the day was....Daylight Savings.....for and against. One lady (and this is true) called in and said "I don't want more daylight.....my lawn's burning up now!"........Yeah, that's what I thought too.
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Argument opposed

The current time system with eight months of Daylight Saving Time and time changes in March and November isn’t that challenging to abide by. There aren’t enough definitive benefits to year-round Daylight Saving Time to justify the transition.

Frank-001's Opinion
···
11/01/2020
End DST? Not important. PASS the HEROS Act. Vote Blue!
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davidf's Opinion
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11/01/2020
Permanent Standard Time, not Daylight Savings Time. https://www.sciencealert.com/need-more-convincing-daylight-savings-is-bad-for-us-here-s-a-summary-of-the-science/amp
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Jennifer 's Opinion
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11/02/2020
Just keep up on Standard Time year around. Stick with the normal time as related to the sun and the earth’s revolutions... stop switching to the unnatural time.
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What is House Bill H.R. 1556?

This bill — the Sunshine Protection Act of 2019 — would make Daylight Saving Time (DST) permanent across the U.S. Currently, most of the U.S. operates under eight months of DST from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November, with the remaining four months on Standard Time. Under this bill, the U.S. would transition to year-round DST by not “falling back” in November, thus eliminating the need to reset clocks twice a year.

This bill wouldn’t modify time zones and wouldn’t apply to states and territories which don’t observe DST, such as American Samoa, most of Arizona, Guam, Hawaii, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

Impact

Americans living in areas that observe Daylight Saving Time; and state governments.

Cost of House Bill H.R. 1556

A CBO cost estimate is unavailable.

More Information

In-DepthRep. Vern Buchanan (R-FL), reintroduced this bill from the 115th Congress to make Daylight Saving Time (DST) permanent, thereby eliminating the need for most of the U.S. to reset its clocks twice a year:

“Last year, Florida lawmakers were the first in the nation to vote to make Daylight Saving Time permanent in our home state. We should follow their lead at the national level to allow them to move forward with this change and ensure that Florida and the rest of the nation are on the same page year-round.”

Senate sponsor Sen. Marco Rubio (R-FL) added:

“Studies have shown many benefits of a  year-round Daylight Saving Time, which is why Florida’s legislature overwhelmingly voted to make it permanent last year. Reflecting the will of the State of Florida, I’m proud to reintroduce this bill to also make Daylight Saving Time permanent nationally.”

Sen. Rick Scott (R-FL), who signed Florida's year-round Daylight Saving Time bill into law as governor before being elected to the Senate, is an original cosponsor of this bill's Senate companion. He adds

"I was glad to sign legislation as governor to continue Daylight Saving Time year-round for Floridians, and now join Senator Rubio to lead this effort in Congress. The Sunshine Protection Act will allow Floridians and visitors to enjoy our beautiful state even later in the day, and will benefit Florida’s tourism industry, which just celebrated another record year.”

The bill’s sponsors produced a fact sheet touting the following potential benefits of making Daylight Saving Time permanent:

  • Reducing car crashes and accidents involving pedestrians by 8-11%, according to the American Journal of Public Health and the Journal of Safety Research.
  • Reducing risk for cardiac issuesstroke, and seasonal depression.
  • Reducing robberies by 27% according to a 2015 Brookings Institution study, due to more daylight in the evenings.
  • Benefitting the economy, as a JPMorgan Chase study found a drop in economic activity of 2.2% - 4.9% when clocks move back.
  • Reducing childhood obesity and increasing physical fitness, according to the Journal of Physical Activity and Health, and the Journal of Environmental Psychology.
  • Benefitting the agricultural industry by eliminating biannual disruptions in farmers’ schedules and supply chain partners.
  • Reducing energy usage by 0.5% per day according to a Dept. of Energy study conducted in 2005 after the U.S. added four weeks of DST.

The day after Daylight Saving Time took effect in 2019, President Trump tweeted his support for permanent DST, tweeting, “Making Daylight Saving Time permanent is O.K. with me!”

Brian Anderson, who testified against a Utah bill as an advocate for changing the clocks twice a year, contended that it’s not hard or time-consuming to make the adjustment, and most people get a different amount of sleep night to night, anyway:

“Nobody complains about getting the hour of sleep in the fall, but when you lose it in the spring, people think that’s dangerous or bad. I’d be hard-pressed to point to anybody that gets the same hours of sleep every night.”

This bill has seven bipartisan House cosponsors, including four Republicans and three Democrats. Its Senate companion bill, sponsored by Sen. Rubio, has three bipartisan Senate cosponsors, including two Democrats and one Republican.

Last Congress, this bill had three bipartisan House cosponsors, including two Democrats and one Republican. It also had a Senate companion bill, sponsored by Sen. Rubio without any cosponsors. Neither bill received a committee vote.


Of Note: The U.S. began observing DST in 1918 following the enactment of the Standard Time Act, but after the DST-related provisions were repealed the following year after World War I states and cities were empowered to set their own dates and times for observing DST. Aside from a period during World War II when the U.S. adopted "War Time" and observed DST year-round, that continued until 1966.

There proved to be a lot of problems with allowing states and cities to choose when DST began and ended within their jurisdiction, and in 1961 the Interstate Commerce Commission told Congress to come up with a solution. In 1965, observance of DST was particularly chaotic in the Midwest: within the state of Iowa there were 23 different start and end times for DST, and St. Paul, Minnesota began DST two weeks before its twin city, Minneapolis.

In 1966, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Uniform Time Act, which set nationwide start and end dates for DST in the states that chose to observe it (which all but Arizona and Hawaii did). 


Media:

Summary by Eric Revell

(Photo Credit: iStock.com / StephanieFrey)

AKA

Sunshine Protection Act of 2019

Official Title

To make daylight savings time permanent, and for other purposes.

bill Progress


  • Not enacted
    The President has not signed this bill
  • The senate has not voted
  • The house has not voted
      house Committees
      Committee on Energy and Commerce
    IntroducedMarch 6th, 2019
    Yes, this system was put in place to preserve agricultural and retail interests decades ago, and it serves no purpose now that children don't work in the fields and people can shop online whenever they want. Let's stop this unhealthy and anti-science system of changing the clocks and stay in the same time year round.
    Like (63)
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    End DST? Not important. PASS the HEROS Act. Vote Blue!
    Like (53)
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    Permanent Standard Time, not Daylight Savings Time. https://www.sciencealert.com/need-more-convincing-daylight-savings-is-bad-for-us-here-s-a-summary-of-the-science/amp
    Like (47)
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    Now I’ve answered this for the 98th time! The US should pick a time standard and stick with the bloody plan. Most of Europe has already done away with the two times and parts of Canada are standard time year round. Hawaii and Arizona have done away with it and other states are considering it. When someone asks for the time I’d really prefer not to answer where? @ Rassilon6. The argument of it should stay the same because we are used to it is quite flawed. Not only does it poorly effect millions of citizens’ mental health and sleep patterns, some studies show and increase in some mental illnesses such as Depressive disorders and Bipolar diagnoses. Additionally Daylight Savings Time use only began in the US March 31 1916 for the purpose of saving fuel for electrical production during WWI. Your agrarian theory is off. In Ben’s time, they worked and studied from the time the Sun came up until the time it went down. Useful time.
    Like (42)
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    I am a little bit torn on this. For me personally, the biannual clock adjustments and reorientation of my diurnal cycles are a pain that I personally do not like. However, that's just me. I have lived at the extreme Eastern edge of a time zone and at the extreme Western edge. Kids going to school on either end would be forced to either walk to school in darkness or come home in darkness as school days tend to track normal work hours- and that does concern me some; particularly when we can get all of our students back to in-class and in-person learning. I am fairly certain that many more school systems will be operating on longer in-class days with staggered schedules to assure that viral spread is minimized. (Even if we had a super effective and proven safe vaccine available today which could be rapidly distributed, it will take at least a year to get it to all of our people who need it -and take at least three years to suppress the virus worldwide to prevent new deadly strains from developing elsewhere and re-infecting everyone). SO, I am going to punt on this issue because I do have concerns for kids walking to or from school in darkness that I am not sure how to resolve.
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    Really!?.......We have had this same conversation FOR YEARS!.........Changing back and forth is STUPID......It's like throwing everybody in Jet Lag at once......bet production is down and "accidents" on the job and on the highway are UP until EVERYONE re-regulates their internal clock.....If golf courses want hours changed to make economic use of summer hours.....let them change THEIR hours....NOT the entire area. Side note: In the 80s I was listening to a radio station and the topic of the day was....Daylight Savings.....for and against. One lady (and this is true) called in and said "I don't want more daylight.....my lawn's burning up now!"........Yeah, that's what I thought too.
    Like (28)
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    Just keep up on Standard Time year around. Stick with the normal time as related to the sun and the earth’s revolutions... stop switching to the unnatural time.
    Like (26)
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    Daylight saving time or standard time, I don't care which one just choose one and stick with it! This is so ridiculous! Get up with the daylight if you want but don't change the clocks!
    Like (19)
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    @Frank-001: Agree there is more important legislation like passing HEROES to address problems caused by Covid-19 to the people & economy of this country. Also agree with the pros & cons of most posters on this issue. The only serious consideration is the energy savings of this inconvenient arrange originally conceived of by Benjamin Franklin but not implemented till WWI to conserve resources nor quantified till the 1970s oil crisis where it was determined it saved 1% of energy usage. Now we have solar & wind options that can replace that and more as an option. https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/does-daylight-saving-times-save-energy/
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    I apologize ahead of time. W! T! F! We have a raging problem in our country! We've lost 230,000 and rising, unnecessary deaths! People can't work! People are losing the roofs over their heads and there's food insecurity going on...why?! A f***ing moron dictator wannabe and his trumplican GOP and administration who are fighting dirty politics to create an authoritarian government! They don't give a rat's ass about the suffering going on due to their negligence! Our country is dying! We're 3 days out from the 2020 Election and the shit and is going to get much worse! What the f*** does wether or not to keep 'Spring Forward' and 'Fall Back'!?! What's more important than the f***ing government helping We The People!?! This country is Ass Backwards! Priorities are saving...serving...and controlling the spread of the Coronavirus! Stop with the piddly shit that is far from important! Number One Priority...kicking the f***ing moron dictator wannabe and all his trumplicans out of Washington DC so we can get this country back in order! Number Two Priority...control this virus and saving everyone living on the brink of homelessness! We can't go on like this! I don't know how anyone can think all this f***ing bullshit dumpster fire is Making America Great!?! How!?! I knew people can be very stupid due to not being educated or living in a bubble thinking everything is fine when in fact it's NOT! I worked with the public and I was amazed everyday with it! But this time shit can wait until what's seriously important is taken care of!!!
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    Yes, please stop the twice a year madness of switching clocks. I just drove from Nevada to Utah and back this weekend. AZ, is between the two, they don’t observe Daylight Savings time. We kept a asking each other, “What time is it?” Ugh!!!
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    Please do!
    Like (15)
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    Yes as it's kind of nuts to go through this a couple of times per year and it should be scrapped.
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    Keep Daylight Savings, please. Keep the sunlight. Keep the vitamin D!
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    Yes if needed to stop the current lunacy of changing to Fake time twice, but I see no reason not to just repeal DST as time does not change. The is an Indian Saying I once where a Chief was asked about it , and replied-only Congress would think that cutting 6 inches off of the top of a Blanket and putting it on the bottom makes it longer.
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    It’s basically all negative at this point. The reason it exists is no longer good.
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    Eliminate daylight savings time.
    Like (11)
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    We should dispose of this relic from the past.
    Like (10)
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    Yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes yes PLEASE. 🙏🏻🙏🏻
    Like (9)
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    Make it one time or the other, and don’t change it.
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