Saudi Arabia’s nuclear ambitions are well-known and documented. Given this, it’s important to ensure that nuclear technology transferred by U.S. companies to the Kingdom isn’t used to build nuclear weapons. Congressional oversight of potential nuclear technology transfers to Saudi Arabia will help in this regard.
Saudi Arabia’s energy ministry has already stated that its nuclear program is only pursuing civil uses. While Saudi Arabia’s crown prince has stated that the country would pursue nuclear weapons if Iran were to acquire them, that hasn’t come to pass — so there’s no immediate risk that Saudi Arabia will seek nuclear weapons.